LC
Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 12,000,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 12,900,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 5000000-9999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 1,930,000-3,110,000 pairs, which equates to 3,870,000-6,230,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms 65% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 5,950,000-9,590,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: This population is estimated to be declining following widespread declines late in the 20th century owing to an array of factors (Harris and Franklin 2000). In Europe, trends between 1998 and 2013 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan V Extant
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Belarus V Extant
Belgium V Extant
Benin N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark V Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes
Palestine N Extant Yes Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia V Extant Yes
Russia (European) V Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Togo N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mount Cholomontas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Oiti
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece East Lakonia mountains
Greece Mount Koutroulis, Mount Agios Dikaios and Modia plateau, Crete
Greece Lefka Ori mountains, Crete
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Evrotas delta
Greece Nisyros island and surrounding islets
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Mounts Agia Dynati and Kokkini Rachi, Kefalonia
Greece Kythira island
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Kalamaki gorge and Zarkou mountains
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Rodopos peninsula, Crete
Greece Apsalos and Moglenitsa gorges
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Mountains of central Evvoia
Greece Lower Kalamas gorge
Greece Amorgos island
Greece Patmos island and surrounding islets
Greece Echinades, Kalamos and Atokos islands
Greece Islands and islets of northern Dodecanese
Greece Kalymnos, Telendos, Kalolimnos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Lake Kalodiki, Margariti and Karteri marshes
Greece Artemisio and Lyrkeio mountains
Greece Northern Syros
Greece Mount Ymittos
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Agios Efstratios island
Greece Paramythia mountains
Greece Tsamanta, Filiata, Farmakovouni and Megali Rachi mountains
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Olympos and pine forest of central Lesvos
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Tilos island and surrounding islets
Greece Valtou mountains
Greece Fournoi island
Greece Southern Mani, mount Sangias and cape Tainaro
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Mountains of Naxos
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Asvestades - Vrysika area
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Mati wetland of Tyrnavos
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece River Axios
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Douskon and Kasidiaris mountains, Delvinaki lakes and Gormou valley
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Psara and Antipsara islands and surrounding islets
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Kasos island and surrounding islets
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece Samothraki island
Greece Mount Pilio
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Greece Vouraïkos gorge and Kalavryta
Greece Western, eastern and southern Rhodes
Ukraine Uzunlars'ke lake
Ukraine Bagerove
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Etangs d'Argonne
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Bassigny
France Brenne centrale
France Vallée du Régino
France Hautes garrigues du Montpellierais
France Camargue
France Chaîne des Alpilles
France Plateau de Valensole
France Plaine des Maures
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
Italy Vico lake
Italy Alburni mountains
Italy Coast between Marina di Camerota and Policastro Bussentino
Italy Murge
Italy Litorale Romano
Italy Ausoni and Aurunci mountains
Italy Palude e Tombolo di Bolgheri
Italy Ponziane islands
Italy Capri island
Italy Lepini mountains
Georgia Iori Region
Serbia Prokletije
Serbia Pcinja
Serbia Sicevo gorge
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Orchard landscape between Hohenstaufen and Teck in the mid-Albvorland
Germany Bliesgau
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Rhine flats Sasbach - Wittenweier
Germany Enz valley Mühlhausen - Roßwag
Germany Stromberg
France Montagne de la Clape
France Iles d'Hyères
France Préalpes de Grasse
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Haut Val d'Allier
France Planèze de Saint-Flour
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Vallée de la Loire: Pit majeur d'Iguerande à Décize
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire
France Gorges de la Truyère
France Les Couzes Sud
France Forêt de Châtillon et environs
France Mars sur Allier
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud
France Forêt de la Reine
France Hautes Corbières
France Basses Corbières
France Gorges de la Vis et cirque de Navacelles
France Gorges du Gardon
France Minervois
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Montagnes de Marcou, de l'Espinouse et du Caroux
France Crau
France Plateau de l'Arbois, garrigues de Lancon et chaîne des Côtes
France Basse Ardêche
France Plaine du Forez
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arasbaran Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Zaribar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Ilam area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Oshtrankuh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kuh-i Dena, and Yasuj and Sisakht area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Jordan Dana
Syria Abu Zad
Russia (European) Barchan Sarykum and Narat-Tyube
Italy Marengo heronry
Italy River Cecina middle valley
Italy Tuscan Archipelago
Italy Albegna river valley
Italy Lake Bracciano and Tolfa hills
Italy Selva del Lamone
Italy Gravine
Italy Calanchi della Basilicata
Italy Alto Ionio Cosentino
Italy Marchesato and River Neto
Italy Mount Cofano, Cape San Vito and Mount Sparagio
Italy Central Campidano
Germany Vorland of the Mittlere Schwäbische Alb
Germany Mittlerer Rammert
Germany Mittlere Schwäbische Alb with Albuch, Härtsfeld and Schmiechener See
Greece Ioannina city

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 2400 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Lanius senator. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/06/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/06/2022.