VU
Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - C2a(ii)

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Vulnerable C2a(ii)
2012 Vulnerable C2a(ii)
2008 Vulnerable C2a(ii)
2007 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,270,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 5,870,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2500-9999 poor estimated 2001
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 10-19 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations 1 - - -
Largest subpopulations 100 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.8 - - -

Population justification: The population is estimated to number 2,500-9,999 mature individuals, from analysis of a detailed account of recent records in BirdLife International (2001). This equates to 3,750-14,999 individuals, rounded here to 3,500-15,000 individuals. Further documentation is desirable.

Trend justification: A moderate and on-going population decline is suspected on the basis of rates of habitat loss and the extent of apparent declines in traditional wintering areas in parts of India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand and Laos.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Bangladesh V Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
India N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant Yes Yes
Myanmar V Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
Pakistan V Extant
Sri Lanka V Extant Yes
Thailand V Possibly Extinct Yes
Vietnam N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Bangladesh Lawachara / West Bhanugach Reserved Forest
Bhutan Bumdelling Wildlife Sanctuary
Bhutan Bumthang wetlands
Bhutan Chele La
Bhutan Jigme Singye Wangchuk National Park
Bhutan Kanglung wetlands
Bhutan Menji wetland
Bhutan Paro wetlands
Bhutan Thimphu wetlands
Bhutan Toorsa Strict Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Wolong Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Xuebaoding Nature Reserve
India Buxa Tiger Reserve (National Park)
India Chaglagaum - Denning - Walong
India Corbett Tiger Reserve
India Dhauludhar Wildlife Sanctuary and McLeod Gunj
India Dombang Valley - Lachung - Lema - Tsungthang
India Dudhwa National Park
India Kudremukh National Park
India Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary - Tsomgo - Tamze - Chola Complex
India Lhonak Valley
India Mount Ziphu
India Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary
India Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary - Zuluk - Bedang Tso - Natula Complex
India Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
India Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary
India Singhalila National Park
India Tso Lhamo Plateau - Lashar - Sebu La - Yumesamdong Complex
India Wynaad Wildlife Sanctuary
India Yumthang - Shingba Rhododendron Wildlife Sanctuary
Laos Nakai Plateau
Myanmar Hukaung Valley
Nepal Annapurna Conservation Area
Nepal Kanchenjungha Conservation Area
Nepal Langtang National Park
Nepal Mai Valley forests
Nepal Makalu Barun National Park
Nepal Sagarmatha National Park
Nepal Shey-Phoksundo National Park
Thailand Mae Fang
Vietnam Ban Bung
Vietnam Fan Si Pan

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Temperate major breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major non-breeding
Altitude 3000 - 5000 m Occasional altitudinal limits (min) 75 m

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Shifting agriculture Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching - Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Domestic & urban waste water - Sewage Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Residential & commercial development Commercial & industrial areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 3
Stresses
Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Gallinago nemoricola. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/02/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/02/2019.