LC
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Christidis, L.; Boles, W. E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 23,000,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 124,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.2 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.3,100,000-3,500,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 763,000-1,520,000 pairs, which equates to 1,530,000-3,040,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). National population estimates include: c.100,000-1 million breeding pairs, >c.10,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in China; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-1 million breeding pairs and >c.1,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is stable, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). Between 1980 and 2013 the European population trend was estimated to be stable (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant
Algeria N Extant
Angola N Extant
Antigua and Barbuda V Extant
Armenia N Extant
Australia N Extant
Austria N Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Barbados V Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant
Benin N Extant
Bermuda (to UK) V Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Botswana N Extant
British Indian Ocean Territory N Extant
Brunei N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cambodia N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Canada N Extant
Cape Verde N Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Christmas Island (to Australia) N Extant
Comoros V Extant
Congo N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Costa Rica V Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czech Republic N Extant
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Dominica V Extant
Ecuador V Extant
Egypt N Extant
Equatorial Guinea N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes Yes
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes
Guadeloupe (to France) V Extant
Guam (to USA) N Extant Yes
Guatemala V Extant
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Honduras V Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary N Extant
Iceland N Extant Yes
India N Extant
Indonesia N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant
Laos N Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Lesotho N Extant
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of N Extant
Madagascar N Extant
Malawi N Extant
Malaysia N Extant
Maldives N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Marshall Islands N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) V Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Mauritius V Extant
Micronesia, Federated States of N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant
Montserrat (to UK) V Extant
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Nicaragua V Extant
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Korea N Extant
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palau N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Papua New Guinea N Extant
Philippines N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant
São Tomé e Príncipe N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant
Seychelles N Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Singapore N Extant
Slovakia N Extant
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
St Kitts and Nevis V Extant
St Lucia V Extant
St Vincent and the Grenadines V Extant
Sudan N Extant
Swaziland N Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant
Syria N Extant Yes
Taiwan (China) N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Timor-Leste N Extant Yes Yes
Togo N Extant
Trinidad and Tobago V Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant
Vietnam N Extant
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Denmark Ålvand Klithede and Førby Sø
Denmark Borris Hede
Denmark Hanstholm Reservation
Denmark Kongens Mose and Draved Skov
Estonia Marimetsa-Õmma
Estonia Nätsi-Võlla
Estonia Sirtsi
Estonia Soomaa
Estonia Tuhu-Kesu
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Kevo
Finland Kilsiaapa-Ristivuoma
Finland Lämsänaapa-Sakkala-aapa
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Finland Litokaira
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Pöyrisvuoma mire protection area
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Veittiaapa-Ristiaapa
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Italy Pantani di Vendicari e di Capo Passero
Latvia Berzpils bogs and flood-plains
Latvia Cena bog
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Lielais and Pemmas bogs
Latvia Orlovas bog
Latvia Stikli
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Latvia Ziemelu bogs
Lithuania Aukstasis Tyras Telmological Reserve
Lithuania Cepkeliai Strict Nature Reserve
Lithuania Kamanos Strict Nature Reserve
Lithuania Labanoras Regional Park
Lithuania Musos tyrelis raised bog with surrounding forest
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Lithuania Reiskiai Telmological Reserve
Lithuania Zuvintas Biosphere Reserve
Norway Nordre Øyeren & Sørumsneset
Romania Buhuşu reservoir - Bacău - Tătărăşti
Romania Câmpia Crişurilor
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Confluenţa Jiu - Dunăre
Romania Dealurile Homoroadelor
Romania Iazurile de pe Văile Ibănesei - Başeului - Podrigăi
Romania Lacurile Fălticeni
Romania Maglavit
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Suhaia
Russia (Asian) Forty islands
Russia (Central Asian) Basins of the Schuchya and Khadytayakha rivers
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob'
Russia (European) Koporski Bay
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve
Slovenia Lake Cerknica
Slovenia River Drava
South Korea Cheonsu Bay
Sweden Bog of Dumme
Sweden Bog of Komosse
Sweden Färnebofjärden
Sweden Florarna
Sweden Lake Ånn – Storlien
Sweden Lake Gammelstadsviken
Sweden Lake Tjålme – Valley of Lais
Sweden Middagsfjället – Dörrshöjden
Sweden Påkketan
Sweden River Ume Delta and Plains
Sweden Stornäset – Hörningsholm
Sweden Taavavuoma
Sweden Vindel Mountains (including Lake Tärna)
Uganda Doho Rice Scheme
United Kingdom Abernethy Forest
United Kingdom Achanalt Marshes
United Kingdom Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands
United Kingdom Grampian Mountains

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subarctic suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Climate change & severe weather Other impacts Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent
Food - human - - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Tringa glareola. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/10/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/10/2017.