Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus


BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Clement, P. 2015. Willow Warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

EBCC. 2015. Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme. European Bird Census Council. Available at:

Peach, W.J., Crick, H.Q.P. and Marchant, J.H. 1995. The demography of the decline in the British willow warbler population. Journal of Applied Statistics 22(5&6): 905-922.

Stostad, H.N. and Menéndez, R. 2014. Woodland structure, rather than tree identity, determines the breeding habitat of Willow Warblers Phylloscopus trochilus in the northwest of England. Bird Study 61(2): 246-254.

Thingstad, P.G., Hogstad, O. and Speed, J.D. 2014. The influence of climatic conditions in breeding grounds and migratory flyways on a subalpine Norwegian Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus population. Ornis Fennica 91: 23-33.

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources
Euro Bird Portal

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Phylloscopus trochilus. Downloaded from on 09/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 09/12/2022.