White-winged Nightjar Eleothreptus candicans


Cavalcanti, R. B. 1999. Bird species richness and conservation in the Cerrado region of central Brazil. Studies in Avian Biology 19: 244-249.

Clay, R. P.; Capper, D. R.; Mazar Barnett, J.; Burfield, I. J.; Esquivel, E. Z.; Fariña, R.; Kennedy, C. P.; Perrens, M.; Pople, R. G. 1998. White-winged Nightjars Caprimulgus candicans and cerrado conservation: the key findings of project Aguará Ñu 1997. Cotinga: 52-56.

Clay, R. P.; Lanús, B. L.; Tobias, J. A.; Lowen, J. C.; Barnett, J. M. 2000. The display of the White-winged Nightjar. Journal of Field Ornithology 71: 619-626.

Clay, R., Mazar Barnett, J. and Esquivel, E. 2014. First description of the eggs, chick, and nest site of the White-winged Nightjar Eleothreptus candicans. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 22 (2): 215–218.

Cleere, N.; Kirwan, G.M.; de Juana, E. 2018. White-winged Nightjar (Eleothreptus candicans). Barcelona, Spain Available at: (Accessed: 12/09/2018).

Conservation International. 1999. Açoes prioritárias para a conservaçao da biodiversidade do Cerrado e Pantanal.

Davis, S. E.; Flores, E. 1994. First record of White-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus candicans for Bolivia. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 114: 127-128.

de Azara, F. 1802-1805. Apuntamientos para la historia natural de los páxaros del Paraguay y río de la Plata. Imprenta de la Viuda de Ibarra, Madrid.

eBird. 2019. eBird: An online database of bird distribution and abundance [web application]. Ithaca, N.Y., U.S.A. Available at:

Grim, T.; Sumbera, R. 2006. A new record of the endangered white-winged nightjar (Eleothreptus candicans) from Beni, Bolivia. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 118(1): 109-112.

ICMBio. 2018. Livro Vermelho da Fauna Brasileira Ameaçada de Extinção: Volume III - Aves. In: Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (ed.), Livro Vermelho da Fauna Brasileira Ameaçada de Extinção, pp. 709. ICMBio, Brasília, Brazil.

IUCN. 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-3. Available at: (Accessed: 10 December 2019).

Lowen, J. C.; Bartrina, L.; Clay, R. P.; Tobias, J. A. 1996. Biological surveys and conservation priorities in eastern Paraguay (the final reports of Projects Canopy '92 and Yacutinga '95). CSB Conservation, Cambridge, U.K.

Parker, T. A.; Willis, E. O. 1997. Notes on three tiny grassland flycatchers, with comments on the disappearance of South American fire-diversified savannas. Ornithological Monographs 48: 549-555.

Pople, R. G. 2003. The ecology and conservation of the White-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus candicans (Eleothreptus candicans). Thesis. Ph.D., University of Cambridge.

Pople, R. G. 2014. Breeding biology of the White-winged Nightjar (Eleothreptus candicans) in eastern Paraguay. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 22(2): 219–233.

Pople, R. G.; Esquivel, A. 2012. Response of White-winged Nightjars Eleothreptus candicans to a prescribed burn of cerrado grassland at Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve, Paraguay. Conservation Evidence 9: 36-42.

Rodrigues, F. H. G.; Hass, A.; Marini-Filho, O. J.; Guimarães, M. M.; Bagno, M. A. 1999. A new record of White-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus candicans in Emas National Park, Goiás, Brazil. Cotinga 11: 83-85.

Stotz, D.F.; Fitzpatrick, J.W.; Parker, T.A.; Moskovits, D.K. 1996. Neotropical Birds: Ecology and Conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Further resources

Detailed species account from the Threatened birds of the Americas: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 1992). Please note, taxonomic treatment and IUCN Red List category may have changed since publication.

Recuento detallado de la especie tomado del libro Aves Amenazadas de las Americas, Libro Rojo de BirdLife International (BirdLife International 1992). Nota: la taxonomoía y la categoría de la Lista Roja de la UICN pudo haber cambiado desde esta publicación.

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Eleothreptus candicans. Downloaded from on 27/11/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 27/11/2022.