White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi


Allan, D. G.; McInnes, A. M.; Wondafrash, M. 2006. White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi in Ethiopia: notes on habitat, densities, morphometrics, nests and eggs, and associated waterbirds. Bulletin of the African Bird Club 13: 28-36.

Anon. 2006. Local group discovers new flufftail site. Africa - Birds & Birding 11: 10.

Atkinson, P.; Robertson, P.; Dellelegn, Y.; Wondafrash, M.; Atkins, J. 1996. The recent rediscovery of White-winged Flufftails in Ethiopia. Bulletin of the African Bird Club 3(1): 34-36.

Barnes, K.N. 2000. The Eskom Red Data Book of birds of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg.

Colyn, R. B.; Campbell, A. M.; Smit-Robinson, H. A. 2017. The application of camera trapping to assess Rallidae species richness within palustrine wetland habitat in South Africa. Ostrich 88(3): 235-245.

Dalton, D. L..; Smit-Robinson, H. A..; Vermaak, E.; Jarvis, E.; Kotze, A. 2018. Is there genetic connectivity among the Critically Endangered White-winged Flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi) populations from South Africa and Ethiopia? Afr. J. Ecol. 56: 28-37.

Davies, G. B. P.; Smit-Robinson, H. A.; Drummond, I. M. M.; Gardner, B.; Rautenbach, S.; van Stuyvenberg, D.; Nattrass, C.; Pretorius, M.; Pietersen, D. W.; Symes, C. T. 2015. Recent records of the White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi (Aves, Sarothruridae) in South Africa, including details of a survey of high-altitude wetlands in 2013-2014. Durban Natural Science Museum Novitates 37: 62-75.

De Smidt, A. 2003. Ethiopian White-winged Flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi) action plan.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Drerup, B. 2015. White-winged Flufftail Project in Ethiopia Completed with AEWA SGF Support. Available at: (Accessed: 03/06/2015).

Drummond, M. 2013. White-winged Flufftail; The Ethiopian Connection. African Birdlife 2(1): 24-26.

Evans, S. W.; Smit-Robinson, H. A.; Tarboton, A. R. 2015. White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi. In: Taylor, M. R.; Peacock, F.; Wanless, R. M. (ed.), The 2015 Eskom Red Data Book of Birds of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland, pp. 41-43. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Ewbank, D. 2014. Records of the White-winged Flufftail in Zimbabwe. Honeyguide 60(2): 14-15.

Hustler, K.; Irwin, M. P. S. 1995. Fifth Report of the OAZ Rarities Committee. Honeyguide 41: 103-106.

Law, J. 2018. Rewrite the bird books: new breeding site found for one of world's rarest birds. Available at: (Accessed: 20/06/2018).

Sande, E.; Ndang’ang’a, P. K.; Wakelin, J.; Wondafrash, M;, Drummond, M;, Dereliev, S. (compilers). 2008. International Single Species Action Plan for the Conservation of the White-winged Flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi). CMS; AEWA, Bonn, Germany.

Smit-Robinson, H. 2014. Saving the world's rarest flufftail. BirdLife Africa Newsletter 14(1): 16.

Tarboton, W.; Wondafrash, M. in prep. Project proposal to establish a captive-breeding population of the White-winged Flufftail.

Taylor, B. 1999. First White-winged Flufftail nest found. World Birdwatch 21(4): 3.

Taylor, B., Kirwan, G. M.; Sharpe, C. J. 2018. White-winged Flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (ed.), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, pp. (retrieved from on 20 June 2018). Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Taylor, B.; van Perlo, B. 1998. Rails: a guide to the rails, crakes, gallinules and coots of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

Taylor, B.; Wondafrash, M.; Demek, Y. 2004. The nest, eggs and chicks of the White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 124: 233-238.

Taylor, P. B. 1996. Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules and Coots). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. (ed.), Handbook of the birds of the world, pp. 108-209. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Taylor, P. B. 1998. The ecology and conservation of the White-winged Flufftail, and the sustainable utilisation of Ethiopian high-altitude palustrine wetland habitats: report on fieldwork in Ethiopia from 27 November to 12 December 1998.

Taylor, P. B.; Grundling, P. L. 2003. The importance of South African mires as habitat for the endangered Whitewinged Flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi). International Mire Conservation Group Newsletter: 8-12.

Uys, C. 2012. Impact of mining on waterbirds and other IBA trigger species. IBA Newsletter 2: 7.

Further resources

African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) International Action Plan 2007

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

South African White-winged Flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi) Action Plan

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Sarothrura ayresi. Downloaded from on 15/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 15/08/2020.