White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi


Allan, D. G.; McInnes, A. M.; Wondafrash, M. 2006. White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi in Ethiopia: notes on habitat, densities, morphometrics, nests and eggs, and associated waterbirds. Bulletin of the African Bird Club 13: 28-36.

Anon. 2006. Local group discovers new flufftail site. Africa - Birds & Birding 11: 10.

Atkinson, P.; Robertson, P.; Dellelegn, Y.; Wondafrash, M.; Atkins, J. 1996. The recent rediscovery of White-winged Flufftails in Ethiopia. Bulletin of the African Bird Club 3(1): 34-36.

Barnes, K.N. 2000. The Eskom Red Data Book of birds of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg.

Colyn, R. B.; Campbell, A. M.; Smit-Robinson, H. A. 2017. The application of camera trapping to assess Rallidae species richness within palustrine wetland habitat in South Africa. Ostrich 88(3): 235-245.

Dalton, D. L..; Smit-Robinson, H. A..; Vermaak, E.; Jarvis, E.; Kotze, A. 2018. Is there genetic connectivity among the Critically Endangered White-winged Flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi) populations from South Africa and Ethiopia? Afr. J. Ecol. 56: 28-37.

Davies, G. B. P.; Smit-Robinson, H. A.; Drummond, I. M. M.; Gardner, B.; Rautenbach, S.; van Stuyvenberg, D.; Nattrass, C.; Pretorius, M.; Pietersen, D. W.; Symes, C. T. 2015. Recent records of the White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi (Aves, Sarothruridae) in South Africa, including details of a survey of high-altitude wetlands in 2013-2014. Durban Natural Science Museum Novitates 37: 62-75.

De Smidt, A. 2003. Ethiopian White-winged Flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi) action plan.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Drerup, B. 2015. White-winged Flufftail Project in Ethiopia Completed with AEWA SGF Support. Available at: (Accessed: 03/06/2015).

Drummond, M. 2013. White-winged Flufftail; The Ethiopian Connection. African Birdlife 2(1): 24-26.

Evans, S. W.; Smit-Robinson, H. A.; Tarboton, A. R. 2015. White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi. In: Taylor, M. R.; Peacock, F.; Wanless, R. M. (ed.), The 2015 Eskom Red Data Book of Birds of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland, pp. 41-43. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Ewbank, D. 2014. Records of the White-winged Flufftail in Zimbabwe. Honeyguide 60(2): 14-15.

Hustler, K.; Irwin, M. P. S. 1995. Fifth Report of the OAZ Rarities Committee. Honeyguide 41: 103-106.

Law, J. 2018. Rewrite the bird books: new breeding site found for one of world's rarest birds. Available at: (Accessed: 20/06/2018).

Sande, E.; Ndang’ang’a, P. K.; Wakelin, J.; Wondafrash, M;, Drummond, M;, Dereliev, S. (compilers). 2008. International Single Species Action Plan for the Conservation of the White-winged Flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi). CMS; AEWA, Bonn, Germany.

Smit-Robinson, H. 2014. Saving the world's rarest flufftail. BirdLife Africa Newsletter 14(1): 16.

Tarboton, W.; Wondafrash, M. in prep. Project proposal to establish a captive-breeding population of the White-winged Flufftail.

Taylor, B. 1999. First White-winged Flufftail nest found. World Birdwatch 21(4): 3.

Taylor, B., Kirwan, G. M.; Sharpe, C. J. 2018. White-winged Flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (ed.), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, pp. (retrieved from on 20 June 2018). Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Taylor, B.; van Perlo, B. 1998. Rails: a guide to the rails, crakes, gallinules and coots of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

Taylor, B.; Wondafrash, M.; Demek, Y. 2004. The nest, eggs and chicks of the White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 124: 233-238.

Taylor, P. B. 1996. Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules and Coots). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. (ed.), Handbook of the birds of the world, pp. 108-209. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Taylor, P. B. 1998. The ecology and conservation of the White-winged Flufftail, and the sustainable utilisation of Ethiopian high-altitude palustrine wetland habitats: report on fieldwork in Ethiopia from 27 November to 12 December 1998.

Taylor, P. B.; Grundling, P. L. 2003. The importance of South African mires as habitat for the endangered Whitewinged Flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi). International Mire Conservation Group Newsletter: 8-12.

Uys, C. 2012. Impact of mining on waterbirds and other IBA trigger species. IBA Newsletter 2: 7.

Further resources

African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) International Action Plan 2007

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

South African White-winged Flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi) Action Plan

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Sarothrura ayresi. Downloaded from on 02/08/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 02/08/2021.