White-throated Xenops Xenops minutus


Justification of Red List Category
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Population justification
A. Panjabi in litt. (2008).

Trend justification
This species is suspected to lose 15-16.3% of suitable habitat within its distribution over three generations (10 years) based on a model of Amazonian deforestation (Soares-Filho et al. 2006, Bird et al. 2011). It is therefore suspected to decline by <25% over three generations.

Distribution and population

Occurs in eastern and southeastern Brazil (Bahia south to Santa Catarina), eastern Paraguay (east from Canendiyú, Caaguazú) and northeastern Argentina (Misiones).


Text account compilers
Butchart, S., Derhé, M. & Ekstrom, J.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Xenops minutus. Downloaded from on 22/10/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 22/10/2017.