White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., Şekercioğlu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: (Accessed: 10 December 2020).

Lee, D.S.; Walsh-McGehee, M. 2000. Population estimates, conservation concerns, and management of tropicbirds in the Western Atlantic. Carribean Journal of Science 36(3-4): 267-279.

Madeiros, J. 2011. Breeding Success and Status of White-tailed Tropicbird (Bermuda Longtail) Phaethon lepturus catsbyii at Ten Locations on the Island of Bermuda 2009 to 2011. Bermuda Government, Department of Conservation Services, Terrestrial Conservation.

Partners in Flight. 2019. Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2019. Available at:

The Department of Environment and Natural Resources. 2012. Longtail Igloos. Available at: (Accessed: 10/07/2018).

Further resources

Click here to read about RSPB's work with Tropicbirds on Ascension Island

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Phaethon lepturus. Downloaded from on 08/05/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 08/05/2021.