White-tailed Swallow Hirundo megaensis


Bladon, A. J.; Töpfer, T.; Collar, N. J.; Gedeon, K.; Donald, P. F.; Dellelegn, Y.; Wondafrash, M.; Denge, J.; Dadacha, G.; Adula, M.; Green, R. E. 2015. Notes on the behaviour, plumage and distribution of the White-tailed Swallow Hirundo megaensis. Bull. Afr. Bird Club 22: 148-161.

Collar, N. J.; Stuart, S. N. 1985. Threatened birds of Africa and related islands: the ICBP/IUCN Red Data Book. International Council for Bird Preservation, and International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Cambridge, U.K.

Donald, P. F., Gedeon, K., Collar, N. J., Spottiswoode, C. N., Wondafrash, M. and Buchanan, G. M. 2012. The restricted range of the Ethiopian Bush-crow Zavattariornis stresemanni is a consequence of high reliance on modified habitats within narrow climatic limits. Journal of Ornithology doi:10.1007/s10336-012-0832-4.

EWCA. 2016. Available at:

EWNHS. 1996. Important Bird Areas of Ethiopia: a first inventory. Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society, Addis Ababa.

Gabremichael, M. N.; Spottiswoode, C. N.; Fishpool, L.; Forsyth, E.; Lewis, A.; Pain, D.; Thomas, R.; Toye, N. 2009. Occurrence of White-tailed Swallow Hirundo megaensis near Negele, Ethiopia. Bulletin of the African Bird Club 16(1): 83-86.

Mellanby, R. J.; Ross, B.; Watt, A.; Wondafrash, M.; Ewnetu, M.; Broadhurst, C.; Critchlow, R.; Dadesa, A.; Deas, T.; Enawgaw, C.; Gebremedhin, B.; Graham, E.; MacLean, S.; McKean, M.; Collar, N. J.; Spottiswoode, C. N. 2008. Distribution, abundance and habitat preferences of White-tailed Swallow Hirundo megaensis and Ethiopian Bush-crow Zavattariornis stresemanni, two southern Ethiopian endemics. Bird Conservation International 18(4): 395-412.

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Media resources
Arkive species - White-tailed swallow (Hirundo megaensis)

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Species factsheet: Hirundo megaensis. Downloaded from on 19/09/2018. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2018) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 19/09/2018.