White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla


BirdLife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Ferguson-Lees, J. and Christie, D.A. 2001. Raptors of the world. Christopher Helm, London.

Krone, O.; Scharnweber, C. 2003. Two White-tailed Sea Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilia) collide with wind generators in northern Germany. 37: 174-176.

Orta, J., Kirwan, G.M., Christie, D.A. and Boesman, P. 2013. White-tailed Sea-eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Thiollay, J.-M. 1996. Oiseaux de la Réunion: vers une necessaire union des efforts de tous les ornithologues? Courrier de la Nature: 4.

Tucker, G.M. and Heath, M.F. 1994. Birds in Europe: their conservation status. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

International Action Plan

Search for photos, videos and sounds of this species in the Internet Bird Collection.

Wildlife comeback in Europe: The recovery of selected mammal and bird species (Deinet et al. 2013)

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Haliaeetus albicilla. Downloaded from on 16/10/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 16/10/2019.