LC
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2015 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2005 Least Concern
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Land-mass type - shelf island
Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 43,200,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 58,400,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 20000-49999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 17.5 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 9,000-12,300 breeding pairs, equating to 17,900-24,500 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms 50-74% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 24,200-49,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. It is placed in the band 20,000-49,999 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The population is increasing locally owing to conservation measures such as protecting eyries, providing safe (non-poisoned) food and re-introductions to certain areas such as Bavaria (Ferguson-Lees and Christie 2001). The European population is increasing (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria V Extinct
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bangladesh V Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes Yes
Belgium V Extant
Bhutan V Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus V Extant
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Egypt V Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) U Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland N Extant Yes
India N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy V Extant Yes
Japan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes Yes
Lebanon V Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes Yes
Luxembourg V Extant
Malta V Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Myanmar V Extant
Nepal N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
North Korea N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories V Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes Yes
Portugal V Extinct Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant Yes
Spain V Extant Yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) V Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant Yes
Tajikistan U Extant
Thailand V Extant
Tunisia V Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom R Extant Yes
USA V Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Czechia Nove Mlyny middle reservoir
Czechia Confluence of the Morava (March) and Dyje (Thaya) rivers - Tvrdonicko
Czechia Dehtár pond
Czechia Trebonsko (Trebon region)
Greenland (to Denmark) Eqalummiut Nunaat-Nassuttuup Nunaa
Greenland (to Denmark) Ikkattoq fjord and islands
Serbia Obedska bara
Serbia Labudovo okno
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Serbia Koviljski rit
Serbia Carska bara
Serbia Bosutska forest
Serbia Gornje Podunavlje
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bardaca
Azerbaijan Alazani river valley
Azerbaijan Lake Boz-Koba
Azerbaijan Samur Delta
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
Azerbaijan Shamkhor area
Azerbaijan Lake Ych-chala (Novogolovka-chala)
Azerbaijan Varvara Reservoir
Belarus Sialiec
Belarus Asvieja
Belarus Vyhanaščanskija baloty
Belarus Bielaje fish farm
Belarus Halubickaja Pušča
Belarus Kaz'jany
Belarus Paliessie fish farm
Lithuania A part of the Vasaknos fish-farm
Lithuania Krekenava forests
Lithuania Pavezupis fish-ponds
Lithuania Kauno Marios water reservoir & eastern coastal zone
Lithuania Initial area of Aukstaitija NP
Lithuania Sartai Regional Park and Rokiskis Fishponds
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Estonia Matsalu Bay
Estonia Puhatu mire
Estonia Mouth of the Emajõgi river and Piirissaar island
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Latvia Slitere and Zilie kalni
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Lake Kanieris
Latvia Satini fish-ponds
Bulgaria Srebarna
Bulgaria Vardim Island
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Mechka Fish-ponds
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Romania Mures river lower flood-plain
Slovenia Lake Cerknica
Slovenia Kočevsko
Slovenia River Drava
Moldova Congaz – Taraclia Lakes
Moldova Lower Prut River and Manta-Beleu Lake
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Sweden Taavavuoma
Sweden Påkketan
Sweden Sjaunja
Sweden Vindel Mountains (including Lake Tärna)
Sweden River Ume Delta and Plains
Sweden Färnebofjärden
Sweden Bay of Kil
Sweden Lake Dättern
Sweden Archipelago of Östergötland
Sweden Lake Kävsjön – Store Mosse
Sweden Getterön
Sweden Coastal area (including seaside meadows) of Eastern Öland
Sweden River Helge
Sweden River Klingaälv – Lake Kranke
Sweden Bay of Skälder
Sweden Lake Solgen
Sweden Archipelago and coastline of North-East Scania
Sweden Lake Ralången – Lake Hyllingen
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden Ledskär – Bay of Karlholm
Sweden Lake Tämnaren
Sweden Florarna
Sweden Båtfors – Bredfors
Sweden Sandemar
Sweden Lövsta Bight – Björn Archipelago
Sweden Dannemora
Sweden Gräsö Archipelago
Sweden Dannskär – Örskär Islands
Sweden Bay of Svensksund
Sweden Fjord of Stig
Sweden Holmöarna Archipelago
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Janów forests
Poland Odra riverine forests
Poland Przemków ponds
Poland Warta River Mouth
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Ilawa Forest
Poland Vistula Lagoon
Poland Slowinski National Park
Poland Insko Site
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Weltyn lakes
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Swidwie lake
Poland Rozwarowo Marshes
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Poland Luknajno lake
Poland Oswin site
Poland Middle part of Tuchola forest
Poland Gródek-Michalowo basin
Poland Ostrówek and Smogulec ponds
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Vistula river mouth
Poland Slesin and Wystep ponds
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest
Poland Borecka forest
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Poland Oak-hornbeam forests in the Odra valley
Poland Knyszyn Forest
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Poland Starzawa ponds
Poland Narew river gaps
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Slupia River Valley
Poland Lower Vistula River Valley
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Lakes Vegoritis and Petron
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Rodopos peninsula, Crete
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Kalymnos, Telendos, Kalolimnos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Fournoi island
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Evros delta
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Strymonas estuary
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Lake Kastoria
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Finland Föglö southern archipelago
Finland Oura and Enskeri archipelagos
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Kirkkonummi archipelago
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Teutjärvi and Suvijärvi lakes
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Lålby fields
Finland Lapväärti wetlands
Finland Kristiinankaupunki southern archipelago
Finland Luoto archipelago
Finland Rahja archipelago
Finland Kitka lake
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Krunnit archipelago
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Sammutinjänkä-Vaijoenjänkä
Finland Pöyrisvuoma mire protection area
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Hungary Kis-Sárrét
Hungary Bodrogzug–Taktaköz
Hungary Gemenc
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley
Hungary Kisköre reservoir
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Hungary Lake Kis-Balaton
Hungary Hanság
Hungary Nagy-berek of Fonyód
Hungary Ecseg Pusztas of Dévaványa
Hungary Pacsmag Lakes of Regöly
Hungary Bihar Plain
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség
Hungary Kolon Lake
Hungary Danube reach between Gönyû and Szob
Hungary Sárvíz Valley
Hungary Béda–Karapancsa
Hungary Kesznyéten
Hungary Hódmezővásárhely Pusztas
Hungary Csanád Pusztas
Hungary Gerje-sik
Hungary Inner Somogy
Russia (European) Mouth of Samur river
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don
Russia (European) Achikol'skiye lakes
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Khoper river near Il'men' lake
Russia (European) Levo-Dobrinskaya valley
Russia (European) Priyeruslanskiye sands
Russia (European) Varfolomeyevskiye saltmarshes
Russia (European) North part of Volgogradski reservoir
Russia (European) Novokvasnikovski liman
Russia (European) Veselovskoye reservoir
Russia (European) Koporski Bay
Russia (European) Sources of the River Luga
Russia (European) Kupy area
Russia (European) Lake Lacha
Russia (European) Vodlozero
Russia (European) Kulaksay lowland
Russia (European) Yugyd Va
Russia (European) Akhtubinsk wetland
Russia (European) Mouth of Svir river
Russia (European) Kandalaksha Bay
Russia (European) Ponoiskaya depression
Russia (European) Watershed of the Rivers Strelna and Varzuga
Russia (European) Okski Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Khoper Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Mordovian P. G. Smidovich Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Volga Delta
Russia (European) Nerussa - Desna woodland
Russia (European) Pechoro-Ilychski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Caucasus Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Lake Il'men and adjoining marshy plain
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Volkhov river
Russia (European) Chudsko-Pskovski Lake and the adjacent areas
Russia (European) Zavidovo Reserve, including Lotoshinski, Klinski and Diatlovo fish ponds
Russia (European) Bulgarski
Russia (European) Rybinsk reservoir
Russia (European) Voronezhski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Khrenovski forest
Russia (European) Bereznyagovski forest
Russia (European) Siz'menski flood-plain of Sheksna reservoir
Russia (European) Voroninski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Surski reservoir
Russia (European) Kulikovski forest
Russia (European) Tsninski Forest
Russia (European) Kurdzhips river valley
Russia (European) Neman river Delta and the coast of the Curonian Bay
Russia (European) Kalachskaya Loop of Don River
Russia (European) Danilovski forest
Russia (European) Rubezhnoye forest
Russia (European) Bekovskoye forest
Russia (European) Nizhnekamskaya flood-plain
Russia (European) Kamsko-Yayvenski wetland
Russia (European) Zhigulevski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Suskanski Bay of Kuybyshev Resrvoir
Russia (European) Uttinskaya area
Russia (European) Vaygach island
Russia (European) Kumikushski wetland
Russia (European) Bogdinsko-Baskunchakski
Russia (European) Cheremshanski Bay of Kuybyshev Reservoir
Russia (European) Khvalynski National Park
Russia (European) Stepan Rasin Rock
Russia (European) Solovetski Archipelago and Zjizjginski island
Russia (European) Kenozer'ye
Ukraine Kryva peninsula
Ukraine Kanivs'ke reservoir
Ukraine Kyivs'ke reservoir
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Teterivs'ke Game Reserve
Ukraine Rzhyschivs'ke Game Reserve
Ukraine Kanivs'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Forests in Dnipro and Desna valleys
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Budats'kyj lyman
Ukraine Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays
Ukraine Dnipro delta
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Chervone marsh
Ukraine Stentsivs'ko-Zhebriyanivs'ki plavni
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Kozats'ki islands)
Ukraine Psel river valley near Komsomol's'k
Ukraine Izyums'ka Luka forest
Ukraine Kremenets'kyj forest
Ukraine Pechenezhskoe reservoir
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Domaine d'Orx
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Etangs d'Argonne
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Forêt d'Orléans: massifs d'Ingrannes et de Lorris
France Etang et Forêt de Villefermoy
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Etangs de la Woëvre: la Chaussée
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France La Dombes
France Réserve Naturelle du courant d'Huchet
France Marais de Brière
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Plaine du Forez
Italy Middle valley of Tagliamento river
Albania Narta Lagoon
Albania Karavasta Lagoon
Albania Lake Butrinti
Czechia Hermansky stav-Odra-Poolsi wetlands
Sweden Lake Åsnen
Romania Black Sea
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Denmark Skjern Å
Denmark Roskilde Fjord, Selsø and Kattinge Søerne
Denmark Tissø, Lille Åmose and Hallenslev Mose
Denmark Tystrup-Bavelse Søerne
Denmark Præstø Fjord, Ulvshale, Nyord and Jungshoved Nor
Denmark Hyllekrog-Rødsand and Fehmarn Belt
Denmark Guldborgsund
Denmark Saltholm
Denmark Lillebælt
Denmark Karrebæk, Dybsø and Avnø Fjords (coasts and islands)
Denmark Maribo lakes
Denmark Nakskov Fjord and Indrefjord
Denmark Arreskov Sø
Denmark Salten Langsø
Denmark Hostrup Sø, Assenholm Mose and Felsted Vestermark
Denmark Forests near Brahetrolleborg
Denmark Islands and coast between Skælskør Fjord and Glænø
Denmark Hellebæk
Denmark Skagen
Denmark Gilleleje area
Denmark Stevns
Denmark Arresø
Serbia Zasavica
Serbia Danube loess bluffs
Georgia Eastern Caucasus
Georgia Iori Region
Georgia Kolkheti
Serbia Srednje Potamišje
Slovakia River Danube flood-plain
Serbia Derdap gorge
Norway Runde
Norway Smøla archipelago
Norway Havmyran
Norway Ørlandet
Norway Vega archipelago
Norway Solvær archipelago
Norway Saltstraumen
Norway Tanamunningen
Norway Øvre Pasvik
Norway Nord-Fugløy
Norway Sør-Fugløy
Norway Inner Porsangerfjord
Norway Lovunden
Norway Skogvoll (including Skarvklakken)
Norway Gaulosen
Czechia Zehunský rybník pond
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Slovakia Horna Orava
Poland Barycz river valley
Norway Froan
Norway Røst
Sweden Tärnan – Riala
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Ueckermünder Heide
Germany Putzarer See, Galenbecker See, Brohmer Berge
Germany Peenetal (Peenetalmoor and Anklamer Stadtbruch)
Germany Southern Tollense basin
Germany Serrahn
Germany Eastern shore of Lake Müritz, Grosser Schwerin and Steinhorn
Germany Nossentiner-/Schwinzer Heide with Krakower Obersee and Plauer See
Germany Lewitz
Germany Schaalsee
Germany Westrügen - Hiddensee - Zingst
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany Warder See
Germany Grosser Plöner See
Germany Selenter See
Germany Selent-Plön fishponds
Germany Aland-Elbe lowlands
Germany Elbe lowlands Jerichow
Germany Peitzer und Bärenbrücker Teiche
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Plothen ponds
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Main valley near Schweinfurt
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Chiemsee and Chiemseemoore
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Spreewald
Germany Rietzer See
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Oberlausitz heathland and fishponds biosphere reserve
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Uckermark lake region
Germany Stechlin
Germany Märkische Schweiz
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Heubachniederung/ Schwarzes Venn/ Borkenberge/ Halterner Seen
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Grosser and Kleiner Binnensee
Germany Eastern coast of Oldenburg: Grossenbroder Kai-Pelzerhaken
Germany Traveförde and Dassower See
Germany Pinneberg Elbe lowlands
Germany Wulfener Bruch and Teichgebiet Osternienburg
Germany Duvenstedter Brook
Germany Rothenbach pond
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Reservoir near Affoldern
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Rhine flats Sasbach - Wittenweier
Germany Rhine flats Nonnenweier - Kehl
Germany Woodlands of Western Pomerania, northern range
Germany Feldberg-Woldegk terminal moraine
Croatia Kopacki Rit Special Zoological Reserve
Croatia River Drava
Croatia Jelas Field
Croatia Poilovlje with Carp Fishponds
Croatia Lower Posavina
Croatia Turopolje
Croatia Alluvial wetlands of the River Danube
Croatia Alluvial wetlands of the River Drava
Croatia Grudnjak fish-ponds
Croatia Nasicka Breznica fish-ponds
Croatia Donji Miholjac fish-ponds
Croatia Alluvial forests from Podravska Slatina to Vuka
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Lithuania The northern part of the Curonian Lagoon
Lithuania Lithuanian part of the Curonian Spit
Ukraine Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays
North Macedonia Lake Dojran
Ukraine Stanychno-Lugans'ke fish-farm
Ukraine Left bank of Siverskij Donets river near Pechenihi reservior
Ukraine Sasyk lake
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys
Iraq Haur Al Sa'adiyah
Iraq Haur Al Rayan and Umm Osbah
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Gaz and Rud-i-Hara deltas
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Abbas-abad dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lisar Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Russia (European) Ufimskoye plateau
Russia (European) Kaltasinski forest
Russia (European) Pavlovskoye reservoir
Russia (European) Krasnokamski forest
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Ai river
Russia (European) Sondugski Reserve and its outskirts
Russia (European) Western coast of Beloye lake
Russia (European) Large liman
Russia (European) Southern coast of Ladoga Lake
Russia (European) Seskar island
Russia (European) Ivinski flood-plain (Verkhnesvirskoye reservoir)
Russia (European) Morkushskoye reservoir
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Lukh river between Myt and Mugreevo-Nikol'skoye villages
Russia (European) Curonian Bay
Russia (European) Vishtynetski (Red) forest
Russia (European) Rakhinski forest
Russia (European) Narva reservoir
Russia (European) Vicinity of the Vozhe lake and Charonda marshes
Russia (European) Valley of Terek river, Kabardino-Balkaria
Russia (European) Agrakhanski Bay (North Agrakhan)
Russia (European) Kizlyar Bay
Russia (European) Western Ilmen area
Belarus Bielaviežškaja Pušča
Belarus Polesie Reserve
Belarus Chavanščyna
Belarus Čyrvonaje
Belarus L'va floodplain
Belarus Pcič floodplain
Belarus Vieluta
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Belarus Cikiny astravy
Belarus Balota Zvaniec
Belarus Dražbitka-Svina
Belarus Stary Žadzien
Belarus Janka river floodplain
Estonia Agusalu
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Koigi
Estonia Kärevere
Estonia Koorunõmme
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Pakri
Estonia Karala-Pilguse
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Tagamõisa peninsula
Estonia Väinameri
Georgia Alazani Valley
Georgia Lower Kura Valley
Russia (European) Leninsk forest area
Russia (European) Samarskaya Luka
Russia (European) Chapaevskie Limans
Russia (European) Migulinskiye sands
Russia (European) Tsimlyanskiye sands
Russia (Central Asian) Volchihinskay
Russia (Central Asian) Tanater-Rublevo Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Pine forest at village Zverinogolovskoe
Russia (European) Ostrovnoi
Russia (Central Asian) Bystroistokskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Bobrovsko-Rasskazikhinskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Nizhnechumyshskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Bolchoe Kamyshnoe Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Tobol pine forests near Proryvnoye village
Russia (Central Asian) Mouth of the Uy river
Russia (Central Asian) Middle reaches of the Chulym river
Russia (Central Asian) Valley of headwaters of the river Schuchya
Russia (Central Asian) Lakes Tobol-Kushly and Akul
Russia (Central Asian) Tundrovo lake
Russia (Central Asian) Travykul' lake
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoye Pustoye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Pelymsky Tuman
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoy and Maly Vagilsky Tuman
Russia (Central Asian) Visimsky zapovednik and vicinity
Russia (Central Asian) Valley of the Yorkutayakha river
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shaya Indra lake
Russia (Central Asian) Istochnoye, Sredneye and Schuch'ye lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Mayan lake
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoy and Maly Akh lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Dikoye and Epanchino lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of Tobol river between mouths of the Uya and Ubagan rivers
Russia (Central Asian) Ilmensky zapovednik
Russia (Central Asian) Bogs and a pine forest to the north from village Maksimkin Yar
Russia (Central Asian) Channel Siberian
Russia (Central Asian) Basins of the Schuchya and Khadytayakha rivers
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye
Russia (Central Asian) Chanovskaya lake system
Russia (Central Asian) Kunovatski
Czechia Pálava
Azerbaijan Absheron archipelago (north) and Pirallahi bay
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Ubinskoye Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Ozersky pine forest
Russia (Central Asian) Kulundinskaya forest band
Russia (Central Asian) Suzunsky pine forest
Russia (Central Asian) Karakansky pine forest
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoe Gor'koye Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Burlinskaya forest band
Russia (Central Asian) Kasmalinskaya and Barnaulskaya forest bands
Russia (Central Asian) Kondinskiye lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Chuburat Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Mangut Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Verkhne-Kondinsky zakaznik
Russia (Central Asian) Watershed of the Mulym'ya and Bolshoy Tap rivers
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-land lake Bolshe-Murly
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetsky Alatau Zapovednik
Russia (Central Asian) Siberian Channel
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of the Tuy river
Russia (Central Asian) Intenis Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob'
Russia (Central Asian) Lakes of Tobolo-Ishimskaya forest-steppe
Russia (Central Asian) Tarutino Lake
Russia (European) Upper Voronezh forest
Russia (European) Bel'skaya flood-plain
Russia (European) Dedinovo flood-plain of Oka river
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes
Russia (European) Sitnikovski Reserve
Russia (European) Okhlebininskaya flood-plain of river Belaya
Russia (European) Birskaya flood-plain of river Belaya
Russia (European) Karakulinskaya flood-plain
Russia (Central Asian) Yakush Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Vodorazdel'naya
Russia (European) Kiziltash limans
Russia (Central Asian) Mouth of river Uj
Russia (European) Zolotarevskaya area
Russia (Central Asian) Verkhneoschskaya
Latvia Cena bog
Latvia Liepaja lake
Latvia Moricsala and Viskuzu sala
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds
Latvia Seda marsh
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Latvia Ziemupe
Latvia Ovisi
Latvia Sita and Pededze flood-plain
Latvia Pape
Latvia Skrunda fish-ponds
Latvia Zvarde forest
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine
Latvia Babite lake
Latvia Berzpils bogs and flood-plains
Latvia Mangene forest
Latvia Sturu and Zvardes bogs
Latvia Tasu lake
Bulgaria Zhrebchevo Reservoir
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Hadzi Dimitrovo Fish-ponds
Russia (Central Asian) Sibirskaya anabranch (Irtysh flood-plain)
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Brenne centrale
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Etang de Lindre
France Camargue
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Suha Reka
Kazakhstan Zharsor-Urkash Salt Lakes
Kazakhstan Irgiz-Turgay Lakes
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Kazakhstan Zheltoranga
Russia (European) Floodplain of Moksha river and Common Crane autumn aggegation near villages Khohlikha and Shaprikha
Russia (European) Forests and wetlands in the valley of the Nuzhma river
Russia (Central Asian) Burlinskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Saltaim-Tenis lake
Russia (Central Asian) Upper and Middle Yuribey
Russia (Central Asian) Proslaukhinskaya
Russia (European) Kivach Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Shcherbakovskaya bend of Volga river
Russia (European) Sura environs
Russia (European) Dono-Donetskoye flood-plain
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoye Topol'noye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Yuribey
Russia (Central Asian) Russkoye lake
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural
Russia (European) Nothern part of Gor'koe reservoir with spurs
Russia (Central Asian) Reservoir near river Sukhaya
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoye Beloye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Dzhulukul' depression
Russia (Central Asian) Seketovo, Rakhtovo and Artevo lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Pershinsko-Manatkinsky area
Russia (Central Asian) Baturino-Simansky area
Russia (Central Asian) Schuch'i lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi
Iran, Islamic Republic of Nowruzlu and Ghazanlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lavandavil Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Amirkelayeh lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Fereidoonkenar marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dasht-e Naz Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lapoo - Zargmarz ab-bandans
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Incheh Borun lake and marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i Jowin and Rud-i Kalshur
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej
Iran, Islamic Republic of Susangerd marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gandoman marsh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kaftar lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Haft Barm
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hilleh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Monde Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Shur, Rud-i-Shirin and Rud-i-Minab deltas
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khor Jask
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Jagin and Rud-i-Gabrik deltas
Iran, Islamic Republic of Pozam - Maytab coast
Iran, Islamic Republic of Chahbahar Bay and Khor Konarak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Iraq Samara Wetlands
Iraq Shuweicha Marsh
Iraq Hawizeh
Israel Hula valley
Israel Judean foothills
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay
Bulgaria Belene Islands Complex
Bulgaria Ivailovgrad Reservoir
Bulgaria Kalimok Complex
Bulgaria Kamchia Complex
Bulgaria Lakat Island
Bulgaria Ropotamo Complex
Uzbekistan Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Russia (European) Archedinskiye sands
Russia (European) Golubinskiye Sands
Austria Riverine forests in the Tullnerfeld
Turkmenistan Goyungyrlan
Ukraine KardashinskI mires
Ukraine Gerojsk Lakes
Ukraine Chornobyl zone
Ukraine Desna river part of National Nature Park "Desnyans'ko-Staroguts'kyj"
Ukraine Zakaznyk Domuzaly
Ukraine Buzhok river valley (Anastavtsi)
Ukraine Krasnopols'kyj Forest
Ukraine Komisarovskyj Forest
Sweden Bay of Rynninge
Sweden Lake Tåkern
Ukraine Upper of r.Mokra Sura
Ukraine Sinelnikov Complex
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan portion of the river Volga's Delta - Zhambay
Sweden Falsterbo – Bay of Fote
Sweden Coastal area of Oskarshamn
Kazakhstan Topar Lake System
Sweden Kalmar – Pataholm
Sweden Western part of Lake Mälaren
Sweden Muddus
Sweden Bay of Brå – Hävringe Island
Sweden Bay of Strandstugu
Sweden Lake Lim
Poland Nietlice marshes
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Sweden Lake Hallbo
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Lower Bug river valley
Kazakhstan Cherniy (Black) Irtysh Delta
Kazakhstan Markakol State Nature Reserve
Poland Upper Wisla River Valley
Poland Ner River Valley
Poland Pasleka river valley
Poland Middle Bug river valley
Kazakhstan Ushkol Lake
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Druzno lake
Kazakhstan Western edge of the Karakoyin and Zhetikonyr Sands
Kazakhstan Shalkar Lake
Russia (European) Right coast of Malaya Laba River
Russia (European) Bolchoi Tkhach mountain
Russia (European) Sources of Kuna and Shisha rivers
Kazakhstan Teniz-Karakamys Lakes
Kazakhstan Bolshoy Kak Lake
Poland Wkrzanska Forest
Poland Cedynia Site
Poland Goleniow Forest
Poland Trzebiatow Site
Poland Witnica-Debno Site
Poland Barlinek Forest
Poland Drawa River Site
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Forest at Gwda River
Poland Slowinska Site
Kazakhstan Terenkol Lake
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Middle Odra River Valley
Poland Rogalin Site
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Kazakhstan Balykty Lake
Poland Lebork Forest
Poland Bielawa Swamps
Poland Darzlubska Forest
Poland Lower Silesia Forests
Poland Krotoszyn Oak Forest
Poland Pilica River Valley
Poland Kozienicka Forest
Poland Warmia Site
Kazakhstan Zhylandy Lake
Lebanon Hima Ebel es-Saqi
Poland Dobskie Lake
Poland Skaliskie Forest
Poland Orzysz Military Area
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Wkra and Mlawka Rivers Valleys
Poland Kostrzyn River Valley
Poland Lukow Forests
Poland Lower Notec River Valley
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Notec Forest
Poland Mosty-Zahajki Site
Poland Nielisz Site
Poland Solokija River Valley
Poland Karkonosze Mountains
Poland Upper Labunka River Valley
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Poland Slonne Mountains
Russia (European) Lower reaches of Sulak river
Turkmenistan Kopetdagkhovudan
Russia (European) Krasnodarskoye reservoir
Russia (European) Krasniy Les area
Kazakhstan Kushum Lakes
Kazakhstan Sulukol Lake
Russia (European) Staromainskiy forest and bay
Kazakhstan Kapchagay Canyon
Hungary Middle Tisza
Turkmenistan Ersarybaba - Akkyr
Kazakhstan Tentek River Delta
Netherlands Biesbosch
Turkey Sarıyar Reservoir
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Klyaz'ma river from mouth of Teza river up to Mstera
Turkey Akdağ - Çivril
Turkey Bafa Lake
Poland Tuchola Forest
Turkey Kocaçay Delta
Hungary Dráva
Slovenia Črete
Croatia Podunavlje and Lower Podravlje
Croatia Middle Drava River
Croatia Upper Drava River
Croatia Grudnjak and Nasice Carp Fishponds
Croatia Cesma River Carp Fishponds
Croatia Spacva Basin
Croatia Pokuplje Basin
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve
Finland Kevo
Finland Viklinrimpi
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Korppoo and Nauvo southern archipelago
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley
Netherlands Wadden Sea
Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe
Netherlands Lauwersmeer
Belarus Čyrvony Bor
Russia (European) Pikhtovka fishponds
Russia (European) Schuch'i Gori area
Russia (European) Floodplain of Ural and Kindeli rivers
Russia (European) Floodplain of Ilek river near Pokrovka
Russia (European) Watershed of Kazanka and Shoshma rivers
Russia (European) Tyuleni island
Russia (European) Kundryuchenskiye sands
Russia (European) Severo-donetskaya
Russia (European) Kazachka
Russia (European) Rasskazan' lake and flood-plain of Khoper river
Russia (European) Cherkaski reserve
Russia (European) Snake hills
Russia (European) Ust'-Medveditskaya area
Russia (European) Saraly
Germany Greifswalder Bodden
Germany Ostenholzer Moor and Meissendorfer Teiche
Germany Lakes of Schwerin, Dambeck and Warin
Germany Island of Usedom
Germany Viehmoor with Leiferder Teiche
Germany Sachsenwald
Germany Wismar bay and Salzhaff
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Serrahn and Woldegk-Feldberger Hügelland
Germany Großer and Kleiner Jasmunder Bodden with Schmachter See and Nonnensee
Germany Mecklenburgische Schweiz
Germany Woodlands of Western Pomerania, eastern range
Germany Ekelmoor (moorlands near Sittensen)
Germany Aschauteiche and Südheide
Germany Großes Moor near Gifhorn
Germany Malxe lowlands / Lakomaer Teiche
Germany Elbe valley of Mecklenburg
Germany Heathlands of Lieberose-Staakow-Reicherskreuz
Germany Gohrischheide
Germany Sagasbank and eastern coast of Oldenburg
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Schlei
Germany Aukrug Nature Park
Germany Nuthe - Nieplitz lowlands
Germany Middle Elbe valley with Steckby-Lödderitz forest
Germany Drömling (Sachsen-Anhalt)
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Forests of Lauenburg
Germany Annaburger Heide
Germany Flensburger Innen- and Aussenförde
Germany Coastline of Probstei
Germany Kühren Teich and Lanker See
Germany Gotteskoogsee
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Haaler Au lowlands
Romania Braţul Borcea
Romania Calafat - Ciuperceni - Dunăre
Romania Confluenţa Jiu - Dunăre
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Dunăre - Ostroave
Romania Gruia - Gârla Mare
Romania Balta Mică a Brăilei
Romania Ostrovu Lung - Gostinu
Kyrgyzstan Western Issyk Kul Lake
Kyrgyzstan Eastern Issyk Kul Lake
Kyrgyzstan Water reservation of Northern Chu Valley
Poland Wloszczowa Basin
Poland Stobrawa Watershed
Denmark Haderslev Tunneldal (Pamhule Skov)
Denmark Lille Vildmose
Denmark Islands in Smålandshavet, north of Lolland
Denmark Ulvsund, Grønsund, Farø Fjord and Fanefjord
Lithuania Blinstrubiskis forest with neighbouring fish-pond areas
Lithuania Grybaulia fish-farm
Kazakhstan Ili River Delta
Poland Swidwie Site
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Karatal River
Poland Kamien Lagoon and Dziwna River
Poland Puck Bay
Poland Mirachowo Forest
Kazakhstan Karasuk
Poland Bialowieza Forest
Poland Lower Narew River Valley
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Poland Upper Nurzec River Valley
Poland Biala Forest
Poland Liwiec river valley
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Mala Welna River Valley
Poland Pszczew Lakes and Obra River Valley
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Poland Bzura River Valley
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Calowanie Swamp
Poland Mietkow reservoir
Kazakhstan Akzhar Lakes
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Podedworze Reservoir
Poland Polesie
Poland Roztocze
Kazakhstan Lakes in the lower reaches of the Chu River
Poland Otmuchów reservoir
Poland Nysa reservoir
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Lower Sola River Valley
Poland Niepolomice forest
Poland Gorce mountains
Poland Pieniny Mountains
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Pulwy Marshes
Poland Beskid Wyspowy Mountains
Kazakhstan Zhylandy Lake
Poland Czarna River Valley
Poland Lower San River Valley
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Poland Widawa and Olesnica River Valley
Poland Izerskie Mountains
Poland Kuznica Warezynska Reservoir
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Sieniawa Forest
Poland Turek Site
Poland Kurpie Site
Poland Kwiecewo Site
Poland Satopy-Samulewo Site
Poland Sandomierz Forest
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
Poland Swietokrzyskie Vistula River Valley
Poland Elblag Height
Russia (Central Asian) Holes of the Karasuk river downstream
Nepal Bardia National Park
Nepal Chitwan National Park
Nepal Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Koshi Barrage
Slovenia Goričko
Slovenia Krakovo forest and Šentjernej plain
Slovenia River Mura
Slovenia Spodnja Sava
Kazakhstan Altyn-Emel National Park
Kazakhstan Sarykopa Lake System
Kazakhstan Sankebay Lakes
Kazakhstan Tounsor Hollow Lakes
Kazakhstan Kulykol-Taldykol Lake System
Kazakhstan Amankaragay Forest
Kazakhstan Kushmurun Lake
Kazakhstan Zhaltyr Lake
Kazakhstan Akzhan Lake
Kazakhstan Shoshkaly Lake System
Kazakhstan Kamyshovoe-Zhamankol Lakes
Kazakhstan Sorbalyk-Maybalyk Lake System
Kazakhstan Delta of the Ural River
Belarus Braslav lakes
Kazakhstan Russkiy Zharkol
Kazakhstan Russkiy Zharkol
Moldova Royal Forest
Russia (Asian) Troitskoye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Suzunsky pine forest
Russia (Central Asian) Kondo-Alymskaya
Norway Alta-Kautokeino watercourse
Norway Varangerfjord
Norway Varangerfjord (including Hornøya and Reinøya)
Norway Tenna & Herøy
Serbia Usce Save u Dunav
Serbia Karadjordjevo
Russia (European) Velikomikhailovski fishponds and floodplain of Kholok river
Denmark Parts of Randers and Mariager Fjords
Kazakhstan Batpakkol lake
Denmark Holmegård Mose & Porsmose
Denmark Nærå Coast and Æbelø area
Denmark Marstal Bugt and the coast of south-west Langeland
Denmark Mossø
Denmark Odense Fjord
Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord
Denmark Sydfynske Ø-hav
Denmark Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea)
Russia (Asian) Lebediny refuge (Markovo depression)
Moldova Dniester River between Naslavcea - Soroca
Moldova Costești – Stânca Lake
Estonia Mullutu
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Taarikõnnu-Kaisma
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Donje Podrinje
Turkmenistan Zeyit - Kelif
Kazakhstan Caspian Sea shore between Volga and Ural River Deltas
Estonia Karula
Estonia Lõu bay
Netherlands Northern part of East Flevoland
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen
Netherlands Rijntakken
Netherlands Zwarte Meer
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Meelva bog
Sweden Lake Persöfjärden
Sweden Rödkallen – Söräspen Islands
Sweden Lake Gammelstadsviken
Kazakhstan Donyz-Tau cliff faces
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Kazakhstan Tyulen’i (Seal) Islands
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Emba River
Sweden Archipelago of Nothern Hälsingland
Sweden Lake Tysslingen

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Aquaculture Ponds suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Aquaculture Ponds suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Subarctic suitable breeding
Grassland Tundra suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Tundra Wetlands (incl. pools and temporary waters from snowmelt) suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations - Agro-industry plantations Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Negligible declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Energy production & mining Renewable energy Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Negligible declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species disturbance
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Pollution Industrial & military effluents - Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Negligible declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Haliaeetus albicilla. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/07/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/07/2020.