White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata


Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Dowsett, R. J.; Forbes-Watson, A. D. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Tauraco Press, Li
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass 9 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,300,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be uncommon to common (Urban et al. 1997).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Burundi N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant Yes
Mozambique N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant Yes
Zimbabwe N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Burundi Bururi Forest Nature Reserve
Burundi Kibira National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Forests west of Lake Edward
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Itombwe Mountains
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Kahuzi-Biega National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the LaLuama - Katanga - Mount Kabobo
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Virunga National Park
Kenya Aberdare Mountains
Kenya Cherangani Hills
Kenya Kakamega forest
Kenya Kikuyu Escarpment forest
Kenya Mau forest complex
Kenya Mount Elgon (Kenya)
Kenya Mount Kenya
Kenya North Nandi forest
Kenya South Nandi forest
Kenya Taita Hills Forests
Malawi Liwonde Hills Forest Reserve
Malawi Mangochi Mountain Forest Reserve
Malawi Misuku Hills Forest Reserves
Malawi Mount Mulanje Forest Reserve
Malawi Namizimu Forest Reserve
Malawi Nyika National Park (Malawi)
Malawi Soche Mountain Forest Reserve
Malawi South Viphya Forest Reserve
Malawi Thyolo tea estates
Malawi Uzumara Forest Reserve
Mozambique Chimanimani Mountains (Mozambique)
Mozambique Gorongosa Mountain and National Park
Mozambique Mount Chiperone
Mozambique Mount Namuli
Mozambique Njesi plateau
Rwanda Nyungwe National Park
Rwanda Volcans National Park
Tanzania East Usambara Mountains
Tanzania Livingstone Mountains forests
Tanzania Loazi-Kalambo Forest Reserves and surrounding area
Tanzania Mount Rungwe
Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Tanzania Nguru Mountains
Tanzania Rubeho Mountains
Tanzania South Pare Mountains
Tanzania Udzungwa Mountains
Tanzania Udzungwa National Park
Tanzania Ukaguru Mountains
Tanzania Uluguru Mountains
Tanzania Uvidunda Mountains
Tanzania West Usambara Mountains
Uganda Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
Uganda Kibale National Park
Uganda Mount Elgon National Park
Uganda Ruwenzori (Rwenzori) Mountains National Park
Zambia Mafinga Mountains
Zambia Mutinondo Wilderness
Zambia Nyika National Park (Zambia)
Zambia Shiwa Ng'andu
Zimbabwe Banti Forest Reserve
Zimbabwe Bvumba Highlands
Zimbabwe Chimanimani Mountains (Zimbabwe)
Zimbabwe Chirinda Forest
Zimbabwe Haroni - Rusitu junction and Botanical Reserves
Zimbabwe Nyanga lowlands/Honde valley
Zimbabwe Nyanga mountains
Zimbabwe Stapleford Forest

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude 350 - 2700 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Elminia albonotata. Downloaded from on 23/01/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/01/2020.