LC
White Stork Ciconia ciconia



References

Baldi, A., Batary, B. and Erdos, S. 2005. Effects of grazing intensity on bird assemblages and populations of Hungarian grasslands. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 108: 251-263.

BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Brown, L.H., Urban, E.K. and Newman, K. 1982. The Birds of Africa, Volume I. Academic Press, London.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

EBCC. 2015. Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme. European Bird Census Council. Available at: http://www.ebcc.info/index.php?ID=587.

Goriup, P.; Schulz, H. 1990. Conservation management of the White Stork: an international opportunity. International Council for Bird Preservation, Cambridge, U.K.

Hancock, J. A.; Kushlan, J. A.; Kahl, M. P. 1992. Storks, ibises and spoonbills of the world. Academic Press, London.

Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. and Ryan, P.G. 2005. Roberts birds of southern Africa. Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, South Africa.

Johst, K.; Brandl, R.; Pfeifer, R. 2001. Foraging in a patchy and dynamic landscape: human land use and the White Stork. Ecological Applications 11(1): 60-69.

Schulz, H. 1999. White Storks on the up? Proceedings international symposium on the White Stork, Hamburg, 26 - 29 September, 1996. NABU, Bonn.

Snow, D.W.; Perrins, C.M. 1998. The Birds of the Western Palearctic, Volume 1: Non-Passerines. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

van den Bossche, W. 2002. Eastern European white stork populations: migration studies and elaboration of conservation measures. BfN - Skripten (Bundesamt fur Naturschutz) 66: Unpaginated.

Wetlands International. 2015. Waterbird Population Estimates. Available at: wpe.wetlands.org. (Accessed: 17/09/2015).

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Jump to the case study for this species in Wildlife comeback in Europe: The recovery of selected mammal and bird species (Deniet et al. 2003)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources
Arkive species - White stork (Ciconia ciconia)

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Ciconia ciconia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/06/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/06/2017.