LC
White Stork Ciconia ciconia



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Near Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 52,700,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 61,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 16.5 - - -

Population justification: The global population size is estimated at 700,000-704,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 224,000-247,000 pairs, which equates to 447,000-495,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is increasing, although some populations are decreasing or stable (Wetlands International 2015). The population in Europe is estimated to have undergone a moderate increase between 1980 and 2013 (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Angola N Extant
Antigua and Barbuda V Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Congo V Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Eswatini N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gabon N Extant
Gambia V Extant
Georgia N Extant
Germany N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant Yes Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Lesotho N Extant
Liberia V Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant
Malawi N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes Yes
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Central Asian) V Extant
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Rwanda N Extant
São Tomé e Príncipe V Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone V Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
St Helena (to UK) V Extant
Sudan N Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Togo N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Phasouri reedbeds
Cyprus Akrotiri salt-lake including Bishop's Pool
Czechia Confluence of the Morava (March) and Dyje (Thaya) rivers - Tvrdonicko
Czechia Pálava
Czechia Trebonsko (Trebon region)
Serbia Obedska bara
Serbia Vršačke Planine
Serbia Koviljski rit
Serbia Carska bara
Serbia Slano Kopovo
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje
Serbia Fruska gora
Serbia Gornje Podunavlje
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bardaca
Azerbaijan Lachin area
Azerbaijan Lake Mahmudchala
Azerbaijan Mugan steppe
Azerbaijan Ordubad area
Belarus Bielaviežškaja Pušča
Belarus Yaselda
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Lower Pripyat
Belarus Sialiec
Belarus Vyhanaščanskija baloty
Belarus Beresina
Belarus Bielaje fish farm
Belarus Sož floodplain
Belarus Halubickaja Pušča
Belarus Kaz'jany
Belarus Zachodniaja Biarezina
Belarus Paliessie fish farm
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Haradzienskaja Svislač
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Lithuania Kamanos Strict Nature Reserve
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Lithuania Zemaitija National Park
Estonia Matsalu Bay
Cyprus Akhna dam
Latvia Slitere and Zilie kalni
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Latvia Zile forest area
Latvia Vidusburtnieks
Latvia Durbe lake meadows
Latvia Satini fish-ponds
Latvia Zalve forest
Portugal Monforte plains
Portugal Vila Fernando
Portugal Castro Verde plains
Portugal Castro Marim
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon)
Portugal South-west coast of Portugal
Portugal River Guadiana
Portugal Sado estuary
Portugal Tejo estuary
Portugal Paul do Taipal
Portugal Mourão, Moura e Barrancos
Portugal Sabôr and Maçãs
Portugal Côa valley
Bulgaria Lomovete
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Strandzha
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain
Romania Cârja - Maţa - Rădeanu - Roşcani
Romania Satchinez marsh
Romania Lake Siutghiol
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Stânca lake - Costeşti
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Romania Balta Mică a Brăilei
Romania Comana
Romania Lake Fundata
Romania Mures river lower flood-plain
Romania Ciocăneşti - Dunăre
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău
Romania Dobron forest
Romania Fizes valley
Slovenia River Drava
Slovenia River Mura
Belgium Bassin de la Haine
Turkey İğneada Forests
Turkey Balıkdamı
Turkey Sarıyar Reservoir
Turkey Eşmekaya Marshes
Turkey Göksu Delta
Turkey Agyatan Lake
Turkey Amanos Mountains
Palestinian Authority Territories Jerusalem (east)
Palestinian Authority Territories Um Al-Safa - Nabi Saleh
Palestinian Authority Territories Wadi Al-Qof - Beit Kahel
Palestinian Authority Territories Um Al-Rihan
Palestinian Authority Territories Ein Al-Fashkha
Palestinian Authority Territories Wadi Al-Qelt
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Bialowieza Forest
Poland Lower Bug river valley
Poland Liwiec river valley
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Chelm calcareous marshes
Poland Janów forests
Poland Przemków ponds
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Slowinska Site
Poland Insko Site
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Weltyn lakes
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Swidwie Site
Poland Rozwarowo Marshes
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Biala Forest
Poland Zegrzynski reservoir
Poland Dymerskie meadows
Poland Luknajno lake
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Gródek-Michalowo basin
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Marshy Valley of the Narew River
Poland Upper Wisla River Valley
Poland Middle Bug river valley
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Ilawa Forest
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest
Poland Borecka forest
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Poland Oswin site
Poland Slupia River Valley
Poland Lower Vistula River Valley
Poland Warta River Mouth
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Lake Kastoria
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Greece Strymonas estuary
Greece Artzan reservoir
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Evros delta
Greece River Axios
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Kythira island
Greece Antichasia mountains and Meteora
Greece Aliakmonas gorge
Greece Kalamaki gorge and Zarkou mountains
Greece Apsalos and Moglenitsa gorges
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Lake Kalodiki, Margariti and Karteri marshes
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Lake Pikrolimni
Greece Paramythia mountains
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Alyki Kitrous lagoon
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Asvestades - Vrysika area
Greece Mati wetland of Tyrnavos
Greece Spercheios valley and delta and Maliakos gulf
Greece Lake Agras
Greece Gallikos estuary and Kalochori lagoon
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Douskon and Kasidiaris mountains, Delvinaki lakes and Gormou valley
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Lakes Vegoritis and Petron
Greece Northern Evros and Ardas riparian forest
Greece Thessaly plain
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Anthofyto area
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Greece Central Zagori and mount Mitsikeli
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Hungary Kis-Sárrét
Hungary Bodrogzug–Taktaköz
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley
Hungary Ecseg Pusztas of Dévaványa
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Hungary Zemplén Mountains
Hungary Lake Kis-Balaton
Hungary Velence Lake–Dinnyés Lake
Hungary Lake Fertő
Hungary Aggtelek Karst
Hungary Vértes
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség
Hungary Heves Plain
Hungary Upper Tisza
Hungary Flood plain of Tiszaalpár
Hungary Hanság
Hungary Kesznyéten
Hungary Hódmezővásárhely Pusztas
Hungary Csanád Pusztas
Hungary Szatmár-Bereg
Hungary Gerje-sik
Hungary Inner Somogy
Russia (European) Sources of Osuga river
Russia (European) Smolenskoye Poozer'ye
Russia (European) Nerussa - Desna woodland
Russia (European) Nemanski forest
Russia (European) Pereluchski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Voroninski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Tsninski Forest
Russia (European) Upper Voronezh forest
Russia (European) Kletnyanski forest
Russia (European) Desna flood-plain near Trubchevsk
Spain Tarifa
Spain La Janda
Spain Siruela-Agudo
Spain Villanueva del Fresno
Spain Mérida-Montijo reservoir
Spain Montánchez mountain range-Cornalvo reservoir
Spain Brozas-Membrío
Spain Malpartida de Cáceres-Arroyo de la Luz
Spain Plain between Cáceres and Trujillo-Aldea del Cano
Spain Trujillo-Torrecillas de la Tiesa
Spain Pela mountain range-Orellana reservoir-Zorita
Spain Puerto Peña reservoir-Valdecaballeros
Spain Campo Arañuelo-Valdecañas reservoir
Spain Alcántara reservoir-Cuatro Lugares
Spain Oropesa plains
Spain Canalizos mountain range (Saceruela)
Spain Alcudia valley and mountain range
Spain Cortados del Jarama
Spain Segovia
Spain River Ebro dam
Spain Tierra de Campos steppes
Spain Tierra de Campiñas steppes
Spain River Moros
Spain River Cega-Tierra de Pinares-Cantalejo
Spain El Escorial-San Martín de Valdeiglesias
Spain Alto Lozoya-La Pedriza
Spain El Pardo-Viñuelas
Spain Talamanca-Camarma
Spain Riaño
Spain La Cabrera mountain range
Spain Montes Aquilanos range
Spain Villafáfila
Spain Castronuño-Zamora
Spain Belver de los Montes-Gallegos del Pan
Spain Topas
Spain Tietar valley
Spain Marmolejo reservoir-La Ropera
Spain Mouth of the river Guadalhorce
Spain Sierra Morena de Sevilla
Spain Cabras, Aljibe and Montecoche mountain range
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Spain Condado-Campiña
Spain West Andévalo
Spain Ceuta
Spain River Ebro ox-bow lakes
Spain Ampurdán marshes
Spain Rivers Cinca and Alcanadre riverine forest
Spain Olivenza-La Albuera
Spain Fuente de Cantos-Montemolín
Spain Northern slope of Guadarrama mountain range
Spain La Limia
Spain Plasencia and San Bernabé mountain range
Spain Lácara-Morante
Ukraine Kanivs'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Kyivs'ke reservoir
Ukraine Bodakivs'ke marsh
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley
Ukraine Petropavlivs'kyj lyman
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Velykomykhailivskyj forest
Ukraine Dnipro delta
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Oril' river valley
Ukraine Mzha river valley
Ukraine Novograd-Volunskoe Game Reserve
Ukraine Ushomyrs'ke Game Reserve
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Domaine d'Orx
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Confluent des vallées de la Meuse et de la Chiers
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Etang de Lindre
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Camargue
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Marais de Brière
France La Dombes
France Plaine du Forez
France Lac Léman (partie française)
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
France Vallée de la Loire: Pit majeur d'Iguerande à Décize
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Etangs d'Argonne
France Vallée de la Meuse
France Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre
France Vallée de la Charente et de la Seugne (Cabariot-Pons/St-Sever-de-Saintonge)
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Marais et estuaire de la Seudre
France Vallée de l'Oise de Thourotte à Vendeuil
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Haut Val d'Allier
France Monts et Plomb du Cantal
France Planèze de Saint-Flour
France Montagne de la Serre
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire
France Les Couzes Nord
France Pointe de Grave
France Haute Soule : Forêt d'Irraty, Organbidexka et Pic des Escaliers
France Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau
France Col de Lizarrieta
France Vallée de la Nive des Aldudes-Col de Lindux
France Arjuzanx
France Côte Médocaine: dunes boisées et dépressions humides
France Forêts du Perche
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Vallée de l'Aube, de la Superbe et Marigny
France Bassigny
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Boucle de Moisson
France Etang des Landes
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etang de Capestang
France Basses Corbières
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Gorges du Gardon
France Etang du Bagnas
France Etang de Thau
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants
France Crau
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Marais de Manteyer
France Parc National du Mercantour
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Vallée de la Charente : amont d'Angoulême
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France Marais arrières littoraux picards
France Marais de la Souche
France Val de Saône
France Col de l'Escrinet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Iput' river in vicinity of Kholevichami
Italy Piave river
Italy River Biferno
Italy Sila Grande
Italy Torrile LIPU reserve
Italy Cape Otranto and Cape Santa Maria di Leuca coast
Italy Costa Viola
Italy Ponte Buriano-Lago della Penna
Italy Maritime Alps
Italy Ticino river
Italy Circeo National Park
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini
Italy Mount Conero
Italy Vercelli rice-fields
Gibraltar (to UK) Rock of Gibraltar
Czechia Poodri
Czechia Jeseniky mountains
Czechia Hermansky stav-Odra-Poolsi wetlands
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Romania Bistreţ
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Denmark Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø
Denmark Western part of Vejlerne, Arup Holm and Hovsør Røn
Denmark Ribe Holme and meadows at Kongeåen
Serbia Becej fish-pond
Serbia Bosutska forest
Georgia Javakheti Plateau
Serbia Srednje Potamišje
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Horná Orava
Slovakia Malé Karpaty
Slovakia Morava
Slovakia Bukovské hills
Slovakia Slanské hills
Slovakia Poiplie
Slovakia Poľana
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Slovakia Medzibodrožie
Slovakia Spišská Magura
Slovakia Vihorlat
Slovakia Volovské hills
Slovakia Muránska plateau and Stolické hills
Slovakia Burda
Serbia Vlasina
Serbia Derdap gorge
Serbia Mala Vrbica
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna
Austria Pielachtal
Austria Western Waldviertel
Austria Fish-ponds in the Waldviertel
Austria Machland
Austria South-east Styrian hill country
Austria Lower Mur valley
Austria Bohemian forest and Mühl valley
Austria Riede in the northern Rhein valley
Austria Styrian Joglland
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte
Germany Pressel wooded heath and mire
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Unteres Rhinluch-Dreetzer See / Havelländisches Luch / Belziger Landschaftswiesen
Germany Rietzer See
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Middle Elbe valley with Steckby-Lödderitz forest
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Ueckermünder Heide
Germany Putzarer See, Galenbecker See, Brohmer Berge
Germany Peenetal (Peenetalmoor and Anklamer Stadtbruch)
Germany Lewitz
Germany Schaalsee
Germany Greifswalder Bodden
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Aisch-Regnitz-Grund
Germany Federseeried
Germany Bastau lowlands
Germany Weserstaustufe Schlüsselburg
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Lower Aller lowlands
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Dümmer
Germany Hunte lowlands near Oldenburg
Germany Zerbster Land
Germany Aland-Elbe lowlands
Germany Drömling (Sachsen-Anhalt)
Germany Landgraben-Dumme lowlands
Germany Milde lowlands/Altmark
Germany Wulfener Bruch and Teichgebiet Osternienburg
Germany Elbe lowlands Jerichow
Germany Peitzer und Bärenbrücker Teiche
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Plothen ponds
Germany Helme reservoir Berga-Kelbra
Germany Bogs and heathlands of the Westmünsterland
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Spreewald
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Grosshartmannsdorfer Grossteich
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Rhine flats Altlußheim-Mannheim
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Uckermark lake region
Germany Stechlin
Germany Märkische Schweiz
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Deichvorland Oderbruch
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Recker Moor/ Düsterdieker Niederung/ Seester Feld
Germany Oppenweher Moor
Germany Weser valley near Stolzenau and Landesbergen
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, unembanked area
Germany Landgraben and Dumme lowlands
Germany Winsener Elbmarsch
Germany Upper Aller lowlands
Germany Lucie and Landwehr
Germany Viehmoor with Leiferder Teiche
Germany Emsaue (Rietberger Emsniederung - Steinhorster Becken)
Germany Südradde lowlands
Germany Leine valley near Salzderhelden
Germany Hamme lowlands
Germany Fehntjer Tief
Germany Ostfriesische Meere
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Wümme lowlands and St. Jürgensland
Germany Wümmewiesen near Fischerhude
Germany Heerter See
Germany Vorderer Steigerwald - Windsheimer Bucht - Steigerwald-Vorland
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Fiener Bruch
Germany Military training area east and west of Jüterbog
Germany Lowlands of the Rivers Eider, Treene and Sorge
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany Duvenstedter Brook
Germany Northern Wetterau
Germany Rothenbach pond
Germany Reichlos pond
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Alluvion of the middle Horloff
Germany Twiste reservior
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Silzenwiesen and Bruch near Stettfeld
Germany Woodlands of Western Pomerania, northern range
Germany Feldberg-Woldegk terminal moraine
Luxembourg Valley of the Syre
Croatia Kopacki Rit Special Zoological Reserve
Croatia Jelas Field
Croatia Poilovlje with Carp Fishponds
Croatia Lower Posavina
Croatia Turopolje
Croatia Alluvial wetlands of the River Drava
Croatia Grudnjak fish-ponds
Jordan Northern Jordan Valley (North Ghor)
Croatia Donji Miholjac fish-ponds
South Sudan Sudd (Bahr-el-Jebel system)
Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area
North Macedonia Bistrentsi fishponds
Turkey Bosphorus
Israel Northern lower Jordan valley
Israel Western Negev
Israel Northern Arava valley
Israel Cliffs of Zin and the Negev highlands
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains
Syria Golan Heights
Israel Zevulun valley
Israel Carmel coast
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys
Iraq Baquba wetlands
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Zaribar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Jordan Jordan Valley
Jordan Khirbat al Samra (sewage works)
Oman Masirah island
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam
Yemen Ta'izz wadis
Russia (European) Dedinovo flood-plain of Oka river
Russia (European) Valley of Zhizdra river
India Nandur Madhmeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary
Belarus Sporaŭskaje balota
Estonia Väinameri
Czechia Bzenecka Doubrava-Straznicke Pomoravi
Latvia Abava valley
Latvia Adazi
Latvia Gauja national park
Latvia Lielupe flood-plain meadows
Latvia Liepaja lake
Latvia Dviete flood-plain
Latvia Ziemelgauja
Latvia Aiviekste flood-plain
Latvia Pape
Latvia Sita and Pededze flood-plain
Latvia Vecumi
Latvia Augsdaugava
Latvia Kuja
Latvia Zvarde forest
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine
Latvia Sventaja valley
Latvia Rakupe and Pace
Latvia Mezole
Latvia Razna
Latvia Ruja flood-plain
Latvia Salaca valley
North Macedonia Tikvesh Region
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Ivailovgrad Reservoir
Bulgaria Lakat Island
Bulgaria Srebarna
Bulgaria Kocherinovo Meadows
Bulgaria Sakar
Bulgaria Kamchia Complex
Bulgaria Straldzha Complex
Bulgaria Derventski Heights
Bulgaria Harsovska Reka
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Devetashko Plateau
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Balchik
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Mikre Meadows
Bulgaria Vasilyovska Mountain
Bulgaria Mesta Valley
Bulgaria Maritsa-Parvomay
Bulgaria Svishtov-Belene Lowland
Bulgaria Zvanichevo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Hadzi Dimitrovo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Chairya
Bulgaria Nikopolsko Plateau
Bulgaria Rupite
Bulgaria Ruy Mountain
Portugal Montesinho and Nogueira mountains
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Portugal Serra do Caldeirão
Armenia Metsamor
Armenia Noravank
France Brenne centrale
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde
France Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune
France Etang de Biguglia
France Etangs de la Woëvre: la Chaussée
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Marais de Balançon et de Villiers
France Cap Gris-nez
France Marais de L'Ile Vieille
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Le Pinail, Forêt de Moulière et bois du Défens
France Plateau de Bellefonds
France Plaine de Villefagnan
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
France Basses Vallées Angevines
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Mars sur Allier
France Estuaire de la Charente
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Pomorie Lake
Russia (European) Ichalkovski forest
North Macedonia Ovche Pole
Jordan Dana
North Macedonia River Zletovska valley
North Macedonia Gradsko-Rosoman-Negotino
North Macedonia River Zletovska valley
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Bulgaria Palakaria
Bulgaria Zlatiata
Bulgaria Obnova Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Kalimok Complex
Lebanon Aammiq wetland
Uzbekistan Balykchi Fish Farm
Uzbekistan Dalverzin State Forestry and Hunting Management Area
Uzbekistan Tuyabuguz Reservoir
Lebanon Lake Qaraoun
Austria Thermenlinie
Russia (European) Archedinskiye sands
Austria Central Marchfeld
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Italy Mount Beigua
Ukraine Desna river part of National Nature Park "Desnyans'ko-Staroguts'kyj"
Ukraine Serednyotomakivske reservior
Lebanon Yammouneh Nature Reserve
Ukraine National Park Stara Guta
Jordan Madaba - Hisban
Ukraine Reservoir on r. Chechva with territories adjacent
Ukraine Komisarovskyj Forest
Ukraine Upper of r.Mokra Sura
Poland Bubnow Marsh
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Poland Barycz river valley
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Boscone island
Poland Ner River Valley
Poland Pasleka river valley
Italy River Sesia heronries
Poland Oak-hornbeam forests in the Odra valley
Poland Wkrzanska Forest
Poland Cedynia Site
Poland Goleniow Forest
Poland Trzebiatow Site
Poland Witnica-Debno Site
Poland Barlinek Forest
Poland Drawa River Site
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Forest at Gwda River
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Middle Odra River Valley
Poland Rogalin Site
Poland Calowanie Swamp
Poland Bielawa Swamps
Poland Mirachowo Forest
Poland Lower Silesia Forests
Poland Pilica River Valley
Poland Kozienicka Forest
Poland Warmia Site
Poland Dobskie Lake
Poland Skaliskie Forest
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Wkra and Mlawka Rivers Valleys
Poland Upper Nurzec River Valley
Poland Lukow Forests
Poland Lower Notec River Valley
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Notec Forest
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Mala Welna River Valley
Poland Polesie
Poland Por River Valley
Poland Nielisz Site
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Poland Tyszowce Site
Poland Upper Huczwa River Catchment
Poland Szyszla River Valley
Poland Solokija River Valley
Poland Stolowe Mountains
Italy Grigne
Poland Upper Labunka River Valley
Poland Lower Skawa River Valley
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Poland Slonne Mountains
Uzbekistan Mirzaaral Tugay
Italy Crava-Morozzo lakes
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve
Turkey Seyhan Delta
Romania Avrig - Scorei - Făgăraş
Turkey Bismil Plain
Slovenia Dravinja valley
Slovenia Slovenske gorice
Turkey Ceyhan Delta
Slovakia Košice valley
Nigeria Amurum woodlands (Taboru)
Slovakia Laborecká upland
Lebanon Qadisha Valley
Lebanon Qammouaa
Croatia Pokuplje Basin
Kenya Mwingi/Kitui/Makueni hilltops and River Valley Landscapes
Italy Biviere and Plain of Gela
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley
North Macedonia Pelagonia
Russia (European) Bryn'
Russia (European) Tishskaya Dal' area
Lebanon Jabal Moussa Mountain
Germany Upper and middle reaches of river Krückau with tributaries
Germany Kudensee
Germany Haaler Au lowlands
Germany Mouth of river Schwarze Elster
Germany Leda-Jümme lowlands
Germany Gildehauser Venn
Germany Leine valley Koldingen-Ruthe
Germany Elzniederung between Kenzingen and Rust
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Ammersee
Germany Rodachaue / Itzgrund / Oberes Maintal incl. Nassanger near Trieb and surrounding gravel pits
Germany Aper Tief
Germany Mecklenburgische Schweiz
Germany Elbe valley of Mecklenburg
Germany Geeste lowlands near Bramel
Germany Huvenhoopsmor and Breddorfer Wiesen
Germany Drennhauser Hinterdeich
Germany Oker valley near Vienenburg
Germany Georgsdorfer and Dalum-Wietmarscher Moor and Alte Piccardie
Germany Farmlands Prignitz with Stepenitz valley (BB) and eastern Grabow (MV)
Germany Renchniederung
Germany Kinzig- und Schutterniederung between Niederschopfheim and Kehl
Germany Kammbachniederung
Germany Sewage farm Freiburg
Germany Danube valley Scheer-Zwiefaltendorf
Germany Bodanrück and Mindelsee
Germany Danube valley Untermarchtal-Ulm
Germany Rhine flats Elchesheim-Karlsruhe
Germany Drumlinlandschaft near Überlingen with Salemer Klosterweihern
Germany Baar
Germany Ingerkinger Moore and adjoining forests
Germany Pinneberg Elbe lowlands
Germany Aukrug Nature Park
Germany Lakes of Schwerin, Dambeck and Warin
Germany Island of Usedom
Germany Nossentiner-/Schwinzer Heide with Krakower Obersee and Plauer See
Germany Eastern shore of Lake Müritz, Grosser Schwerin and Steinhorn
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Oberlausitz heathland and fishponds biosphere reserve
Germany Butjadingen
Germany Jagst and adjoining valleys
Germany Rhine flats Karlsruhe - Rheinsheim
Germany Wismar bay and Salzhaff
Germany Kisdorfer Wohld
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Serrahn and Woldegk-Feldberger Hügelland
Germany Surroundings of Dassower See
Germany Stepenitz-Maurine-Radegast
Germany Upper and middle reaches of river Warnow with Göwe and Mildenitz
Germany Lower reaches of river Warnow
Germany Parumer See, Sumpfsee, Inselsee
Germany Langenhägener Seewiesen
Germany Breeser See
Germany Recknitz and Trebel valley
Germany Woodlands of Western Pomerania, eastern range
Germany Farmlands north of Ludwigslust
Germany Farmlands between Crivitz and Parchim
Germany Farmlands west and south of Plauer See
Germany Western shore of Lake Müritz
Germany Torgelower See and Varchentiner See
Germany Farmlands near Tützpatz
Germany Tollense-Datze-Raum
Germany Aschauteiche and Südheide
Germany Farmlands near Kusey (Altmark)
Germany Elbe lowlands near Bertingen
Germany Dosse-Jäglitz lowlands
Germany Feldmark Gartz / Gartzer Bruch
Germany Gransee / Zehdenick / Schnelle Havel
Germany Grünewalder Lauch - Pulsnitzniederung
Germany Luchgebiet Spaatz-Hohennauen-Witzke
Germany Luckauer Becken
Germany Malxe lowlands / Lakomaer Teiche
Germany Niederlausitzer Heidegebiete
Germany Oderbruch
Germany Oder lowlands Lebus-Ratzdorf
Germany Plane lowlands
Germany Randow-Welse-Bruch / Uckermärkische Agrarlandschaft
Germany Rittgartener Heide / Amalienhof
Germany Trappenschongebiet Jüterbog
Germany Uckertal / Unteruckersee
Germany Schwalmaue around Schwalmstadt
Germany Werra lowlands near Wanfried and Eschwege
Germany Mittlere Mulde
Germany Lower Röder valley and Colmnitzer Platte
Germany Ponds between Neschwitz and Lomske
Germany Moritzburger Kleinkuppenlandschaft
Germany Oberlausitzer Gefilde near Weißenberg
Germany Mooswälder near Freiburg
Germany Korker Wald
Germany Pfrunger and Burgweiler Ried
Germany Oppenweher Moor
Germany Wetterau
Germany Neckar oxbows in the Hessian Ried
Germany Lower Gersprenz lowlands incl. Reinheim pond
Germany Obersuhl lowlands
Germany Nuthe - Nieplitz lowlands
Germany Wümme lowlands Borgfeld-Fischerhude
Germany Rheinaue Bingen-Ingelheim
Germany Southern Tollense basin
Germany Werderland
Germany Rieselfelder Münster
Germany Orchards at the lower Main
Germany Philippsburger Altrhein and Rheinschanzinsel
Germany Kaiserstuhl
Germany Usedom lagoon (Peenestrom, Achterwasser, Kleines Haff with Neuwarper See)
Germany Großer and Kleiner Jasmunder Bodden with Schmachter See and Nonnensee
Germany Unteres Eichsfeld
Germany Rangsdorfer See lowlands / Prierowsee
Germany Leipziger Auwald
Germany Offenbacher Wald, Bellheimer Wald and Queichwiesen
Germany Rhine flats between mouth of Rench and mouth of Murg
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Alzette
Poland Pulwy Marshes
Romania Braţul Borcea
Romania Calafat - Ciuperceni - Dunăre
Romania Câmpia Nirului - Valea lerului
Romania Confluenţa Jiu - Dunăre
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Ciuc Depression
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel
Romania Olteniţa - Ulmeni
Romania Suhaia
Romania Olt valley
Romania Râului Negru valley
Romania Prut river flood-plain - Vlădeşti - Frumuşiţa
Romania Lake Strachina
Poland Sandomierz Forest
Poland Elblag Height
Lebanon Ramlieh Valley
Lebanon Beirut River Valley
Lebanon Upper Mountains of Akkar-Donnieh
Lebanon Rim - Sannine Mountain
Lebanon Hima Ebel es-Saqi
Lebanon Tannourine Nature Reserve
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Poland Kamien Lagoon and Dziwna River
Poland Puck Bay
Poland Druzno lake
Poland Orzysz Military Area
Poland Nietlice marshes
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Knyszyn Forest
Poland Narew river gaps
Poland Lower Narew River Valley
Poland Pszczew Lakes and Obra River Valley
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Poland Bzura River Valley
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Poland Odra riverine forests
Poland Malopolska Wisla river gap
Poland Mosty-Zahajki Site
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Roztocze
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Brzeszcze ponds
Poland Lower Sola River Valley
Poland Niepolomice forest
Poland Beskid Zywiecki Mountains
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Beskid Slaski Mountains
Poland Beskid Wyspowy Mountains
Poland Grzeda Sokalska Beechwood
Poland Czarna River Valley
Poland Lower San River Valley
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Poland Stobrawa Watershed
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Sieniawa Forest
Poland Wloszczowa Basin
Poland Kurpie Site
Poland Kwiecewo Site
Poland Mircze Site
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains
Poland Sredzka Struga and Maskawa River Valley
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Slovenia Goričko
Slovenia Krakovo forest and Šentjernej plain
Spain Vegas del Alagón
Jordan Maghtas - Sweimeh
Moldova Royal Forest
Djibouti Kadda Guéïni - Doumêra
Egypt Gebel El Zeit
Egypt Suez
Egypt El Qa plain
Egypt Ras Mohammed National Park
Egypt Ain Sukhna
Palestinian Authority Territories Jericho
Syria Jabal al-Shuah
Yemen Bab al-Mandab - Mawza
Serbia Sitnica
Serbia Pester
Serbia Gornje Potamisje
Estonia Kärevere
Estonia Räpina polder
Estonia Vooremaa
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste
Palestinian Authority Territories Ein Qinia
Serbia Stara mountains
Serbia Zasavica
Serbia Karadjordjevo
Serbia Danube loess bluffs
Serbia Usce Save u Dunav
Serbia Titelski breg
Morocco Oued Tahadart
Morocco Merja Bargha
Morocco Merja Halloufa
Morocco Merja Zerga
Morocco Canton Forestier de Sidi Bou Ghaba
Morocco Barrage Idriss Premier
Morocco Dwiyate
Turkey Southern Çatalca Peninsula
Morocco Sebkha Bou Areg
Morocco Embouchure Oued Moulouya
Morocco Barrage Mohamed V
Morocco Région Jorf Lasfar
Morocco Sidi Moussa - Oualidia
Morocco Barrage al Massira
Morocco Sebkha Zima
Morocco Aguelmane n'Tifounassine
Morocco Aguelmane de Sidi Ali Ta'nzoult
Morocco Barrage al Mansour Ad-Dhabi
Morocco Lagune de Khnifiss
Morocco Zone Humide de Laayoune
Morocco Baie d'Ad Dakhla
Estonia Haanja
Estonia Karula
Netherlands Alde Feanen
Netherlands De Wieden
Netherlands Rijntakken
Netherlands Opsterland & Smallingerland
Netherlands Reestdal
Estonia Koiva-Mustjõe
Estonia Käntu-Kastja
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Luitemaa
Mauritania Lac de Mâl
Lebanon Rihane - Chouf - Ammiq - Sannine
Serbia Okanj I Rusanda
Serbia Slatine srednjeg Banata

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland major non-breeding
Grassland Temperate major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Ciconia ciconia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2020.