White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata


Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Dowsett, R. J.; Forbes-Watson, A. D. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Tauraco Press, Li
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass 19 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.4 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be abundant in parts of its range (Keith et al. 1992).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction and predation by introduced species.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Burundi N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Eswatini N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant Yes
Mozambique N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant Yes
South Africa N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant Yes
Zimbabwe N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Burundi Bururi Forest Nature Reserve
Burundi Kibira National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Forests west of Lake Edward
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Itombwe Mountains
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Kahuzi-Biega National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the LaLuama - Katanga - Mount Kabobo
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Mount Hoyo Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Virunga National Park
Eswatini Malolotja Nature Reserve
Kenya Aberdare Mountains
Kenya Cherangani Hills
Kenya Chyulu Hills forests
Kenya Kikuyu Escarpment forest
Kenya Mau forest complex
Kenya Mount Elgon (Kenya)
Kenya Mount Kenya
Kenya North Nandi forest
Kenya South Nguruman
Kenya Taita Hills Forests
Malawi Dzalanyama Forest Reserve
Malawi Lake-shore Forest Reserves
Malawi Liwonde Hills Forest Reserve
Malawi Liwonde National Park
Malawi Malawi Hills Forest Reserve
Malawi Mangochi Mountain Forest Reserve
Malawi Misuku Hills Forest Reserves
Malawi Mount Mulanje Forest Reserve
Malawi Mtangatanga and Perekezi Forest Reserves
Malawi Namizimu Forest Reserve
Malawi Nkhotakota Wildlife Reserve
Malawi Ntchisi Mountain Forest Reserve
Malawi Nyika National Park (Malawi)
Malawi Soche Mountain Forest Reserve
Malawi South Viphya Forest Reserve
Malawi Thyolo tea estates
Malawi Uzumara Forest Reserve
Mozambique Gorongosa Mountain and National Park
Mozambique Mount Chiperone
Mozambique Mount Mabu
Mozambique Mount Namuli
Mozambique Njesi plateau
Mozambique Zambezi River Delta
Rwanda Nyungwe National Park
Rwanda Volcans National Park
South Africa Dhlinza Forest Nature Reserve
South Africa Dwesa-Cwebe Nature Reserve
South Africa Entumeni Nature Reserve
South Africa Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park
South Africa Kaapsehoop
South Africa Maloti Drakensberg Park
South Africa Mkhambati Nature Reserve
South Africa Ngoye Forest Reserve
South Africa Oribi Gorge Nature Reserve
South Africa Outeniqua mountains
South Africa Songimvelo Nature Reserve
South Africa Soutpansberg
South Africa Tsitsikama - Plettenberg Bay
South Africa Umlalazi Nature Reserve
South Africa Umtamvuna Nature Reserve
South Africa Wilderness - Sedgefield Lakes Complex
South Africa Wolkberg Forest Belt
South Africa Woody Cape Section: Addo Elephant National Park
South Sudan Imatong mountains
South Sudan Kidepo
Tanzania Arusha National Park and vicinity
Tanzania East Usambara Mountains
Tanzania Lake Manyara
Tanzania Livingstone Mountains forests
Tanzania Loazi-Kalambo Forest Reserves and surrounding area
Tanzania Longido Game Controlled Area
Tanzania Mahali Mountain National Park
Tanzania Mount Kilimanjaro
Tanzania Mount Rungwe
Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Tanzania Nguru Mountains
Tanzania Nguu Mountains
Tanzania Njombe forests
Tanzania North Pare Mountains
Tanzania Rubeho Mountains
Tanzania South Pare Mountains
Tanzania Udzungwa Mountains
Tanzania Udzungwa National Park
Tanzania Ukaguru Mountains
Tanzania Uluguru Mountains
Tanzania Umalila Mountains
Tanzania Uvidunda Mountains
Tanzania West Usambara Mountains
Uganda Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
Uganda Echuya Forest Reserve
Uganda Mgahinga Gorilla National Park
Uganda Mount Elgon National Park
Uganda Mount Moroto Forest Reserve
Uganda Ruwenzori (Rwenzori) Mountains National Park
Zambia Mafinga Mountains
Zambia Nyika National Park (Zambia)
Zimbabwe Banti Forest Reserve
Zimbabwe Bvumba Highlands
Zimbabwe Chimanimani Mountains (Zimbabwe)
Zimbabwe Chirinda Forest
Zimbabwe Haroni - Rusitu junction and Botanical Reserves
Zimbabwe Nyanga lowlands/Honde valley
Zimbabwe Nyanga mountains
Zimbabwe Stapleford Forest

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude 1600 - 4300 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Pogonocichla stellata. Downloaded from on 18/01/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 18/01/2020.