White-eared Hummingbird Basilinna leucotis


Taxonomic note
Basilinna leucotis (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously placed in the genus Hylocharis.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,500,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.2 - - -

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
El Salvador N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant Yes
Honduras N Extant Yes
Mexico N Extant Yes
Nicaragua N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
El Salvador La Montañona Forest
El Salvador Montecristo Forest
El Salvador Río Sapo/Perquín
El Salvador The Alotepeque Range
Guatemala Antigua Guatemala
Guatemala Atitlan
Guatemala Cerro El Amay
Guatemala Cerro Miramundo
Guatemala Cuchumatanes
Guatemala Cuilco
Guatemala Montecristo
Guatemala Sacranix
Guatemala Santiaguito Volcano (part of Guatemalan/Mexican Pacific Coastal Mountains AZE)
Guatemala Sierra de las Minas - Motagua
Guatemala Suchitan Volcano
Guatemala Yalijux
Honduras Celaque
Honduras Cerro Azul Meambar
Honduras Comayagua
Honduras Cusuco
Honduras Güisayote
Honduras La Muralla
Honduras La Tigra
Honduras Montaña de Yoro
Honduras Pico Bonito
Honduras Sierra de Agalta
Mexico Acahuizotla-Agua del Obispo
Mexico Bosque La Primavera
Mexico Bosques Montanos de Zacapoaxtla y Zautla
Mexico Cebadillas
Mexico Cerro El Viejo – Puerto Purificación
Mexico Cerros de Chalchihuitán
Mexico Chihuahua Wood
Mexico Coalcomán-Pómaro
Mexico Corredor de Barrancas de la Sierra Madre Occidental.
Mexico Escobedo mount
Mexico Guacamayita
Mexico Hills of San Cristóbal of the Casas
Mexico Lago Pátzcuaro
Mexico Lake of Montebello
Mexico Mountain Chincua
Mexico Mountain Nort
Mexico Mountain of Manantlán
Mexico Mountain of Taxco-Toluca Snowy
Mexico Mountain of Valparaiso
Mexico Mountains of the North of Chiapas
Mexico Omiltemi
Mexico Papigochi
Mexico Parque Natural Sierra Nanchititla
Mexico Piélagos
Mexico Presa de Valsequillo
Mexico River Presidio- New town
Mexico San Antonio Peña Nevada
Mexico Sierra de Arteaga
Mexico Sierra de Atoyac y Bosques de Niebla de la Costa Grande
Mexico Sierra de Miahuatlán
Mexico Sierra de Zongolica y Tenango
Mexico Snowy of Colima
Mexico Sur del Valle de México
Mexico Table of Macaw
Mexico Tacámbaro
Mexico Tancítaro
Mexico The Bufas
Mexico The Malinche
Mexico The Reed
Mexico The Summit
Mexico The Tacaná
Mexico The Triunfo
Mexico Tlanchinol y bosques de montaña del noreste de Hidalgo
Mexico Tlaxiaco
Nicaragua Arenal Hill
Nicaragua Dipilto-Jalapa Mountain Range
Nicaragua El Jaguar
Nicaragua Miraflor

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Altitude 1200 - 3500 m Occasional altitudinal limits (min) 900 m

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Species factsheet: Basilinna leucotis. Downloaded from on 18/07/2018. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2018) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 18/07/2018.