White-collared Kite Leptodon forbesi


Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- C2a(ii) C2a(i,ii); D1

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Endangered C2a(ii)
2017 Endangered C2a(ii)
2016 Critically Endangered C2a(i)
2015 Critically Endangered C2a(i)
2013 Critically Endangered C2a(i)
2012 Critically Endangered C2a(i)
2011 Critically Endangered C2a(i)
2010 Critically Endangered B1a+b(i,ii,iii,v); C2a(i)
2009 Critically Endangered B1a+b(i,ii,iii,v); C2a(i)
2008 Critically Endangered
2004 Critically Endangered
2000 Critically Endangered
1994 Not Evaluated
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass 577 g

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 90,100 good
Number of locations 7 -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 250-999 medium estimated 2014
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 5-29 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 5-29 - - -
Number of subpopulations 1-100 - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation 95-100 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.6 - - -

Population justification: The National Red List of Brazil (MMA 2014) estimated that the population numbers no more than 2,500 mature individuals. The population is therefore precautionarily placed in the band of 250-999 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction. It was estimated that the proportion of forest lost from within this species's range from 2000-2012 was equivalent to 5.5% over three generation lengths (Tracewski et al. 2016).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Brazil N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Brazil Serra do Mascarenhas
Brazil Murici
Brazil Serra do Urubu

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Altitude 0 - 600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 7
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 7
Ecosystem degradation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Leptodon forbesi. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/09/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/09/2022.