White-breasted Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis


BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Ozturk, M., Kebapci, U., Gucel, S., Cetin, E. and Altundag, E. 2012. Biodiversity and Land Degradation in the Lower Euphrates Subregion of Turkey. Journal of Environmental Biology 33: 311-323.

Woodall, P.F. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. White-breasted Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Further resources

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Halcyon smyrnensis. Downloaded from on 03/03/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 03/03/2024.