White-bellied Sea-eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., Şekercioğlu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261.

BirdLife Australia. 2020. White-bellied Sea-Eagle. Available at: (Accessed: 16th July 2020).

Brazil, M. 2009. Birds of East Asia: eastern China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, eastern Russia. Christopher Helm, London.

Clunie, P. 1994. Flora & Fauna Guarantee Action Statment No 60 - White-bellied Sea-eagle. Department of Sustainability and Environment, Victoria.

Debus, S., and Kirwan, G. M. 2020. White-bellied Sea-Eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster), version 1.0. In: J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana (eds), Birds of the World, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Department of the Environment. 2020. Haliaeetus leucogaster in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available at: (Accessed: 16th July 2020).

Ferguson-Lees, J. and Christie, D.A. 2001. Raptors of the World. Christopher Helm, London.

IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: (Accessed: 10 December 2020).

Shephard, J. M.; Hughes, J. M.; Catterall, C. P.; Olsen, P. D. 2005. Conservation status of the White-Bellied Sea-Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster in Australia determined using mtDNA control region sequence data. Conservation Genetics 6: 413-429.

Siu-tai, T., Wai-hung, L., Chi-sun, C., Ka-lai, C., Yin-nin, M., and Ka-yip, L. 2003. The Population and Breeding Ecology of White-bellied Sea-eagles in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Biodiversity 5: 1-7.

So, I. W. Y., and Lee, W. H. 2010. Breeding Ecology of White-bellied Sea Eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster, 白腹海鵰) in Hong Kong – A Review and Update. Hong Kong Biodiversity 18: 1-8.

State of India's Birds. 2020. State of India’s Birds factsheet: White-bellied Sea Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster. Available at: (Accessed: 16th July 2020).

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Haliaeetus leucogaster. Downloaded from on 06/07/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 06/07/2022.