White-bellied Goshawk Accipiter haplochrous


Justification of Red List Category
This species is classified as Near Threatened because it is confined to one small island on which habitat degradation may be causing a moderate decline.

Population justification
The global population numbers c.2,400-4,000 pairs (V. Chartendrault and N. Barré in litt. 2007), best placed precautionarily in band 2,500-9,999 individuals. This equates to 1,667-6,666 mature individuals, rounded here to 1,500-7,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification
There are no data on population trends; however, habitat degradation is suspected to be causing a slow to moderate decline.

Distribution and population

Accipiter haplochrous is endemic to New Caledonia (to France) where it is fairly common throughout. It is distributed from the far north (Manjelia) to the far south at Goro. Its area of occurrence is therefore c.12,000 km2, which if each pair requires 3-5 km2, equates to a population of c.2,400-4,000 pairs (V. Chartendrault and N. Barré in litt. 2007).


It appears to be widespread in humid forest but occurs at lower densities in degraded forest and savannah where it coexists with Brown Goshawk A. fasciatus. It is not shy and often found close to human habitation (V. Chartendrault and N. Barré in litt. 2007).


Despite legal protection, a few are killed around inhabitated areas, as it sometimes kills domestic chickens, and habitat loss and degradation are further threats (Vuilleumier and Gochfield 1976, Stokes 1980, Thiollay 1993, Ekstrom et al. 2000). However, it is assumed that it is not undergoing any significant continuing decline.

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Ensure the protection of tracts of primary forest. Monitor populations in primary and degraded forest to ellucidate trends. Compare nesting success in primary and degraded forest. Run a public education campaign to discourage the killing of native raptors.


Text account compilers
Derhé, M., Dutson, G., Mahood, S., O'Brien, A.

Chartendrault, V., Barré, N.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Accipiter haplochrous. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/02/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/02/2023.