White-bellied Bushchat Saxicola gutturalis


Justification of Red List Category
This species is listed as Near Threatened because it may have a moderately small, fragmented population, that is undergoing a continuing decline owing to extensive forest loss within its restricted range. However, little is currently known about its population size; further information may indicate that its status warrants evaluation.

Population justification
Although locally common, the species occupies a restricted range and as a consequence its total population size may not be large. It is likely to number between 10,000-19,999 individuals, which roughly equates to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction.

Distribution and population

Saxicola gutturalis is restricted to Timor, Indonesia and Timor-Leste, and its satellite islands of Roti and Semau (the nominate subspecies gutturalis occurs on Timor and Roti, with subspecies luctuosa on Semau). Given its restricted range the total population is not thought to be large.


It occurs up to 1,200 m in monsoon forest and scrubby savanna. In West Timor it is present even in very small remnant pockets of woodland, but is largely excluded from savanna and open scrub by the Pied Bushchat S. caprata. It forages on insects by gleaning and sallying in the canopy and in tall shrubbery beneath. It nests mainly in October and November, but also in May and June.


Forest loss on Timor has been extensive owing to agricultural expansion and logging.

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
None are known.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Generate density estimates to inform a revised population estimate for the species. Estimate the area of suitable habitat and assess threats to the species. Effectively protect significant areas of suitable habitat, in both strictly protected areas and community-led multiple use areas.


Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Bird, J., Khwaja, N.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Saxicola gutturalis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/12/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/12/2019.