LC
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Christidis, L.; Boles, W. E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.
Turbott, E. G. 1990. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 31,100,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 319,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 9.1 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.1,000,000-2,300,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). National population estimates include: c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in China; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and > c.10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009). The European population is estimated at 343,000-402,000 pairs, which equates to 687,000-805,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations may be stable and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2015). This species has undergone a large and statistically significant decrease over the last 40 years in North America (-84.7% decline over 40 years, equating to a -37.5% decline per decade; data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007) Note, however, that these surveys cover less than 50% of the species's range in North America. In Europe the population size is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan V Extant
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
American Samoa N Extant
Angola N Extant
Anguilla (to UK) N Extant
Antigua and Barbuda N Extant
Argentina N Extant
Armenia N Extant
Aruba (to Netherlands) N Extant
Australia N Extant
Austria N Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahamas N Extant
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Barbados N Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Belize N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant
Bermuda (to UK) N Extant
Bhutan N Extant
Bolivia N Extant
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Botswana N Extant
Brazil N Extant
British Indian Ocean Territory N Extant
Brunei N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso V Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cambodia N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Canada N Extant Yes
Cape Verde N Extant
Cayman Islands (to UK) N Extant
Chile N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant
Christmas Island (to Australia) N Extant
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (to Australia) N Extant
Colombia N Extant
Comoros N Extant
Congo N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant
Cuba N Extant
Curaçao (to Netherlands) N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant
Denmark N Extant Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Dominica N Extant
Dominican Republic N Extant
Ecuador N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant
El Salvador N Extant
Equatorial Guinea N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Fiji N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
French Guiana N Extant
French Southern Territories V Extant
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Grenada V Extant
Guadeloupe (to France) N Extant Yes
Guam (to USA) N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Guyana N Extant
Haiti N Extant
Honduras N Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland N Extant Yes
India N Extant
Indonesia N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Jamaica N Extant
Japan N Extant
Jordan V Extant
Kazakhstan N Extant
Kenya N Extant
Kiribati N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Luxembourg N Extant
Macao (China) N Extant
Madagascar N Extant
Malawi N Extant
Malaysia N Extant Yes
Maldives N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Marshall Islands N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Mauritius N Extant
Mayotte (to France) N Extant
Mexico N Extant
Micronesia, Federated States of N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant
Mongolia N Extant
Montenegro N Extant
Montserrat (to UK) N Extant
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Nauru N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant
New Caledonia (to France) N Extant
New Zealand N Extant
Nicaragua N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
Norfolk Island (to Australia) N Extant Yes
North Korea N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palau N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes Yes
Panama N Extant
Papua New Guinea N Extant
Peru N Extant
Philippines N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes
Réunion (to France) N Extant
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Samoa N Extant
São Tomé e Príncipe N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant
Seychelles N Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Singapore N Extant
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) N Extant
Slovakia N Extant
Slovenia V Extant
Solomon Islands N Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands N Extant
South Korea N Extant
Spain N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
St Barthelemy (to France) N Extant
St Kitts and Nevis N Extant
St Lucia N Extant
St Martin (to France) N Extant Yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) N Extant Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines N Extant
Sudan N Extant Yes
Suriname N Extant
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) N Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant
Syria N Extant Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan V Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Timor-Leste N Extant Yes Yes
Togo N Extant
Trinidad and Tobago N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) N Extant
Tuvalu N Extant
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes Yes
Uruguay N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant
Vanuatu N Extant
Venezuela N Extant
Vietnam N Extant
Virgin Islands (to UK) V Extant
Virgin Islands (to USA) V Extant
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Greenland (to Denmark) Heden
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Skúvoy
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vøtnini á Sandoy (Lakes of Sandoy)
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Fugloy
Azerbaijan Yashma Island
Belarus Balota Jel'nia
Belarus Kaz'jany
Estonia Nätsi-Võlla
Estonia Põhja-Liivimaa
Estonia Soomaa
Estonia Laukasoo bog
Estonia Ohepalu
Estonia Puhatu mire
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Cyprus Akhna dam
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Latvia Lielais Kemeru bog
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Iceland Úthérad
Iceland Hestgerdislón-Hornafjardarfljót
Iceland Markarfljótsaurar
Iceland Brunasandur
Ireland Cork Harbour
Ireland River Shannon callows: Portumna-Athlone
Belgium Kalmthoutse Heide
Belgium De Maatjes, Wuustwezel Heide en Groot Schietveld
Sweden River Ume Delta and Plains
Sweden Lake Ånn – Storlien
Poland Vistula river mouth
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Lagoons of Kerkyra island
Netherlands Alde Feanen
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Kirkkonummi archipelago
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Viklinrimpi
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Alajoki
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Kokkola and Kälviä archipelago
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Ahmasjärvi lake
Finland Litokaira
Finland Valtavaara-Pyhävaara
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Juortanansalo
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Rumala-Kuvaja-Oudonrimmet
Finland Kilsiaapa-Ristivuoma
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat
Finland Veittiaapa-Ristiaapa
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Pöyrisvuoma mire protection area
Finland Lämsänaapa-Sakkala-aapa
Finland Luosto
Finland Kevo
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Hungary Hódmezővásárhely Pusztas
Hungary Gerje-sik
Russia (European) Budnyanski mire
Russia (European) Olonets plain
Russia (European) Polisto-Lovatskaya mire system
Russia (European) Orshinski marshes
Russia (European) Surroundings of Kiyesh'yaur lake
Russia (European) Mouth of Svir river
Russia (European) Berezoviye islands of Vyborg Bay
Spain Janubio saltpans
Spain Coast between Corralejo and Tostón
Spain El Médano coast
Spain Sotavento beach
Spain Coast between Arinaga and Castillo del Romeral
Ukraine Syvash Bay
Ukraine Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec
France Baie de Goulven
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Arjuzanx
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Cap Gris-nez
France Estuaire de la Charente
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
United Kingdom Blackpark and Gutcher, Yell
United Kingdom Burry Inlet
United Kingdom Bae Caerfyrddin/Carmarthen Bay
United Kingdom Chichester and Langstone Harbours
United Kingdom Crussa Field and the Heogs
United Kingdom Dungeness To Pett Levels
United Kingdom Calf of Eday
United Kingdom Fetlar
United Kingdom Hermaness, Saxa Vord and Valla Field
United Kingdom Hill of Colvadale and Sobul
United Kingdom Lewis Peatlands
United Kingdom Moorland Areas, Central Shetland
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom Ronas Hill - North Roe and Tingon
United Kingdom Northumbria Coast
United Kingdom Poole Harbour
United Kingdom Severn Estuary
United Kingdom Somerset Levels and Moors
United Kingdom Tamar Estuaries Complex
United Kingdom Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast
United Kingdom The Swale
United Kingdom The Wash
United Kingdom Walmore Common
United Kingdom West Burrafirth
United Kingdom Ornkey Mainland Moors
United Kingdom Rothiesholm Peninsula, Stronsay
United Kingdom Sandwick and Clift Hills
United Kingdom South Bressay
United Kingdom West Coast of Benbecula
Albania Patoku lagoon
Sweden River Dal – Håvran
Norway Havmyran
Norway Inner Porsangerfjord
Sweden Vindel Mountains (including Lake Tärna)
Sweden Lake Tjålme – Valley of Lais
Sweden Påkketan
Sweden Taavavuoma
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Ammersee
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Terborg
Germany Leine valley near Salzderhelden
Germany Old Picardie
Germany Kleinringer and Großringer Wösten
Germany Valley of River Ems
Germany Norden-Esens, inland
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Guinea-Bissau Rio Tombali, Rio Cumbijã and Ilha de Melo
Guinea-Bissau Arquipélago dos Bijagós
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Oman Barr al Hikman
Oman Masirah island
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay
Yemen Al-'Urj
Russia (European) Watershead of Kama and Porysh rivers
Russia (European) Vicinity of the Vozhe lake and Charonda marshes
Ecuador Archipiélago de Jambelí
Ecuador Ciénaga de La Segua
Ecuador Humedales de Pacoa
Ecuador Lagunas de Ecuasal-Salinas
Venezuela Parque Nacional Archipiélago Los Roques
China (mainland) Wenzhou Wan
Malaysia Matang coast
Malaysia North-central Selangor coast
Japan Hikawa estuary, Shiranui
Japan Kumakawa estuary
Japan Nakatsu and Usa tidal flats
Japan Miyako islands
Japan Hakata bay
Japan Inner Ariake bay
Japan Shirakawa estuary
Japan Lakes Komuke and Shibunotsunai
Japan Tonegawa floodplain
Japan Inner Tokyo bay
Japan Kamogawa estuary
Japan Sone tidal flat
Japan Shiokawa tidal flat
Japan Kumozugawa, Atagogawa and Kongogawa estuaries
Russia (Asian) Babushkina bay
Russia (Asian) Malakchan bay
Russia (Asian) Moroshechnaya River
South Korea Tidal flat area of Yeongjong-do island
South Korea Namyang Bay
South Korea Asan Bay (including Asan-ho lake and Sapgyo-ho lake)
South Korea Mangyeong estuary
South Korea Dongjin estuary
South Korea Baeksu tidal flat
Russia (Asian) Konstantin and Tugur bays
Belarus Asvieja
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Estonia Agusalu
Estonia Lavassaare
Estonia Muraka
Estonia Marimetsa-Õmma
Estonia Sirtsi
Russia (European) Shabel'skaya sand-spit
Russia (Central Asian) Valley of headwaters of the river Schuchya
Russia (Central Asian) Ust'-Ozerninskiye bogs
Russia (Central Asian) Kazanskaya flood-plain of the Ishim river
Russia (Central Asian) Marsh southward of village Stepanovka near Okunevo Lake
Chile Isla Grande de Chiloé
France Iles Saint Marcouf
France Estuaires du Trieux et du Jaudy
France Rade de Lorient
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine
France Bonne Anse
France Pointe de Grave
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Basse vallée du Var
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes
Canada The Cape Pine and St. Shotts Barren
Canada Long Point Peninsula and Marshes
Canada Presqu'ile Provincial Park
Canada Greater Rondeau Area
Canada Leslie Street Spit
Canada Longridge Point and Associated Coastline
Canada Ekwan to Lakitusaki Shores
Canada Malpeque Bay
Canada PEI National Park
Canada Lagune du Havre aux Basques et plage de l'Ouest
Canada Île de l'Est
Canada Baie de Gaspé
Canada Barre de Portneuf
Canada Northeast James Bay Coast
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits
Puerto Rico (to USA) Jobos Bay
Oman Quriyat - Daghmar
Oman Ras al Hadd
Oman Duqm
Qatar Al-Aliyah island
Saudi Arabia Abu Ali
Saudi Arabia Madinat Yanbu al-Sinaiyah
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands
St Vincent and the Grenadines Ashton Wetland
St Vincent and the Grenadines Mustique Island
Panama Upper Bay of Panamá
Panama Chimán Wetlands
Panama Ensenada de Garachiné Wetlands
Costa Rica Nicoya Gulf mangroves and coastal areas
Costa Rica Nicoya Peninsula
Aruba (to Netherlands) Tierra del Sol Salina
Aruba (to Netherlands) Bubali Wetlands
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Klein Bonaire, Bonaire
Antigua and Barbuda McKinnons Salt Pond
Antigua and Barbuda Valley Church Bay
Puerto Rico (to USA) Suroeste
Uruguay Rocha Lagoon
Uruguay Castillos Lagoon
Uruguay Arroyo Maldonado wetlands
Ukraine Zakaznyk Domuzaly
St Lucia Point Sables
Anguilla (to UK) East End Pond
Sweden Lake Kävsjön – Store Mosse
Virgin Islands (to USA) Great Pond
Sweden Bog of Komosse
Virgin Islands (to USA) Southgate and Green Cay
Anguilla (to UK) Cove Pond
Anguilla (to UK) Long Salt Pond
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Emba River
Sweden Middagsfjället – Dörrshöjden
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Sanquianga
Mexico Ensenada de Pabellones
Mexico Humedales Costeros del Norte de la Península de Yucatán
French Guiana Littoral
French Guiana Littoral Sinnamary
French Guiana Littoral Kourou
French Guiana Littoral Macouria
French Guiana Ile de Cayenne
French Guiana Plaine Kaw et Pointe Béhague
Trinidad and Tobago West Coast Mudflats
Finland Riisitunturi
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Chile Estero Mantagua y Desembocadura del Río Aconcagua
Chile Bahía de Quinchao
Chile Estuario de Maullín y Cerro Amortajado
Chile Desembocadura del Río Chamiza,Coihuin-Pelluco
Chile Desembocadura del Río Maipo
Russia (European) Bylinskaya
Russia (European) Ul'skoye bog
Chile Sistema Quetalmahue, Quilo y Mar Brava
Chile Humedal-Estuario Tubul-Raqui
Chile Sistema de Bahías TenTen Castro
USA Imperial Valley
USA Barrier Island/Lagoon System
Brazil Reentrâncias Maranhenses / Paraenses
Chile Desembocadura del Río Imperial
Puerto Rico (to USA) Mona and Monito
Chile Bahía Curaco de Vélez
Chile Bahía de Yaldad
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Rheiderland
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Ems valley between Leer and Emden
Germany Leda-Jümme lowlands
Germany Engerhafer Meede
Germany Krummhörn-Westermarsch
Germany Drennhauser Hinterdeich
Chile Mehuin
Romania Câmpia Crişurilor
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Chile Desembocadura Río Mataquito
Chile Bahía de Chullec
Chile Playa de Pullao
Chile Bahía de Putemun
Chile Desembocadura del Río Lluta
Chile Desembocadura del Río Itata
Chile Playa Laraquete
China (mainland) Shuangtai (Shuangtaizi) Estuary and Inner Gulf of Liaodong
Kazakhstan Sarykopa Lake System
Estonia Kikepera
Russia (Asian) Ola lagoon
Norway Andøya (including Skogvoll)
Mexico Bahía de Ceuta-Cospita
Norway Øvre Forra
Chile Humedal de Arauco
Kazakhstan Kushmurun Lake
Mexico Estero Cardonal
Kazakhstan Karasor Lake
Palau Northern Peleliu Lkes (sandflats)
Kazakhstan Sankebay Lakes
Estonia Lõu bay
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Väinameri
Estonia Irbe strait
Russia (Asian) Babushkina and Kekurnyy Gulfs
Estonia Kõnnumaa-Väätsa
Estonia Kõrvemaa
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Meenikunno bog
Brazil Mangue Seco
Brazil Baixada Maranhense
Brazil Mata do Crasto e Restingas de Itaporanga e Estância
United Arab Emirates Khor Al Beidah
Philippines Buguey wetlands
Philippines Pagbilao and Tayabas Bay
Sweden Sjaunja
Sweden Lake Persöfjärden
Sweden Rödkallen – Söräspen Islands
Sweden Muddus
Kazakhstan Ortau upland massif
Kazakhstan Saumalkol Lake
Kazakhstan Balyktykol Lake
Kazakhstan Western and northern foothills of the Kalba Range
Kazakhstan Tassuat Lake
Kazakhstan Ayak-Bestau Hills
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
China (mainland) Huanghua coast (Cangzhou)
China (mainland) Rudong coast
China (mainland) Xiamen coast

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Grassland Tundra suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Back Slope suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Foreslope (Outer Reef Slope) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Inter-Reef Rubble Substrate suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Inter-Reef Soft Substrate suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Lagoon suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Outer Reef Channel suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Numenius phaeopus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/08/2020.