LC
Western Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Motacilla flava and M. tschutschensis (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) were previously lumped as M. flava following AERC TAC (2003); Cramp et al. (1977-1994); Dowsett and Forbes-Watson (1993); Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 18 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 40,900,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 164,000,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 60000000-109999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.7 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 9,630,000-16,000,000 pairs, which equates to 19,300,000-32,100,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.30% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 64,000,000-107,000,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: In Europe, trends between 1980 and 2013 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (p<0.01) (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Angola N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant Yes
Burundi N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Cape Verde V Extant
Central African Republic N Extant Yes
Chad N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Comoros V Extant
Congo N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant Yes
Equatorial Guinea N Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Eswatini N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gabon N Extant Yes
Gambia N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guinea N Extant Yes
Guinea-Bissau N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Liberia N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant Yes
Maldives V Extant
Mali N Extant Yes
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes Yes
Monaco N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant Yes Yes
Mozambique N Extant Yes
Namibia N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes Yes
Palau N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant Yes
San Marino N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant Yes
South Africa N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) V Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Togo N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant Yes Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes
Zambia N Extant Yes
Zimbabwe N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Lower Pripyat
Belarus Balota Jel'nia
Belarus Sož floodplain
Belarus Haradzienskaja Svislač
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Latvia Engure lake
Romania Balta Mică a Brăilei
Slovenia Lake Cerknica
Slovenia Planina polje
Sweden River Helge
Sweden Lake Åsnen
Sweden Getterön
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Lomma Bight
Sweden Lundåkra Bight
Sweden Ledskär – Bay of Karlholm
Sweden Fjord of Båta
Poland Pisz forest
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Artzan reservoir
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece River Axios
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Alyki Angelochoriou lagoon (Megalou Emvolou)
Greece Epanomi lagoon
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Lake Agras
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Mount Kantili
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Mount Dikti, Crete
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Fournoi island
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Chalki island and surrounding islets
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Lake Pikrolimni
Greece Agios Efstratios island
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Olympos and pine forest of central Lesvos
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Northern Evros and Ardas riparian forest
Greece Psara and Antipsara islands and surrounding islets
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Greece Lagoons of Kerkyra island
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Koijärvi lake
Finland Hollola wetlands
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Päätyeenlahti bay
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Lapväärti wetlands
Finland Sundominlahti Bay and Söderfjärden
Finland Kokkola and Kälviä archipelago
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Ahmasjärvi lake
Finland Litokaira
Finland Valtavaara-Pyhävaara
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Haapavesi wetlands
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Juortanansalo
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Rumala-Kuvaja-Oudonrimmet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Pöyrisvuoma mire protection area
Finland Lämsänaapa-Sakkala-aapa
Finland Joutsenaapa-Kaita-aapa
Finland Riisitunturi
Finland Luosto
Finland Kevo
Finland South-eastern Kittilä mires
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Spain Llobregat delta
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley
Ukraine Sul's'ka bay
Ukraine Udaj river valley
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Petropavlivs'kyj lyman
Ukraine Velykomykhailivskyj forest
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Oril' river valley
Ukraine Mzha river valley
Ukraine Samara river valley
Ukraine Vovk river valley
France Montagne de la Serre
France Pointe de Grave
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Confluent des vallées de la Meuse et de la Chiers
France Vallée de la Conie et Beauce centrale
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Montlouis-sur-Loire
France Estuaire de la Charente
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
France Marais de Sacy
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Col de l'Escrinet
United Kingdom Ouse Washes
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Alzette
Slovakia Senné
Norway Nordre Øyeren & Sørumsneset
Norway Lista wetland system
Austria Austrian part of Hanság
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria Neusiedler See
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Central Marchfeld
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Styrian Enns valley
Austria Delta of the Rhine
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte
Germany Schlei
Germany Selenter See
Germany Selent-Plön fishponds
Germany Grosser Plöner See
Germany Warder See
Germany Pinneberg Elbe lowlands
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany Kühren Teich and Lanker See
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Tinner Dose and Staverner Dose
Germany Ostfriesische Meere
Germany Hunte lowlands near Oldenburg
Germany Hamme lowlands
Germany Wümme lowlands and St. Jürgensland
Germany Dümmer
Germany Diepholzer Moorniederung and Siedener Moor
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Ostenholzer Moor and Meissendorfer Teiche
Germany Lower Aller lowlands
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Bastau lowlands
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Federseeried
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Vogelfreistätte Alter and Neuer See
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Ammersee
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Hellwegbörde
Germany Helme reservoir Berga-Kelbra
Germany Bogs and heathlands of the Westmünsterland
Germany Spreewald
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Rieselfelder Münster
Germany Recker Moor/ Düsterdieker Niederung/ Seester Feld
Germany Emsaue (Rietberger Emsniederung - Steinhorster Becken)
Germany Weser valley near Stolzenau and Landesbergen
Germany Rheiderland
Germany Ems valley between Leer and Emden
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, unembanked area
Germany Landgraben and Dumme lowlands
Germany Upper Aller lowlands
Germany Viehmoor with Leiferder Teiche
Germany Heerter See
Germany Kleinringer and Großringer Wösten
Germany Leda-Jümme lowlands
Germany Südradde lowlands
Germany Leine valley near Salzderhelden
Germany Wümmewiesen near Fischerhude
Germany Riddagshäuser Teiche
Germany Vorderer Steigerwald - Windsheimer Bucht - Steigerwald-Vorland
Germany Salziger See and Salza valley
Germany Lowlands of the Rivers Eider, Treene and Sorge
Germany Lahn valley from Marburg to Wetzlar
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Rhine flats Karlsruhe - Rheinsheim
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Oldenburger Graben and Wesseker See
Germany Forests of Lauenburg
Germany Kudensee
Germany Dollart
Germany Eschebrügger Wösten
Germany Kuppendorfer Böhrde
Germany Großes Moor near Gifhorn
Germany Beppener Bruch
Germany Georgsdorfer and Dalum-Wietmarscher Moor and Alte Piccardie
Germany Elbe lowlands near Bertingen
Germany Farmlands Lich-Utphe
Germany Werra meadows near Bad Salzungen
Germany St. Leoner Bruch and Reilinger Wiesen
Germany Danube valley Scheer-Zwiefaltendorf
Germany Donauried
Germany Wümme lowlands Borgfeld-Fischerhude
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtuguz Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Verkhneoschskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Karazjukski complex of marshes and lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Upper and Middle Yuribey
Kenya Boni and Dodori National Reserves
Austria Riede in the northern Rhein valley
Sweden Bog of Komosse
Ukraine Sinelnikov Complex
Ukraine Serednyotomakivske reservior
Luxembourg Valley of the Trëtterbaach
Luxembourg Region of the Middle Lias
Luxembourg Valley of the Woltz
Kyrgyzstan Karkyra Valley
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Estonia Koiva-Mustjõe
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Kõrgessaare-Mudaste coast
Estonia Kõrvemaa
Estonia Küdema bay
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Peipsi
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Meelva bog
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Saumalkol Lake
Kazakhstan Karasor Lake
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Sweden Lake Kävsjön – Store Mosse
Sweden Bay of Rynninge

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Tundra suitable breeding
Grassland Tundra suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Motacilla flava. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/07/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/07/2020.