LC
Western Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Motacilla flava and M. tschutschensis (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) were previously lumped as M. flava following AERC TAC (2003); Cramp et al. (1977-1994); Dowsett and Forbes-Watson (1993); Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency does not normally occur in forest
Land-mass type Average mass 18 g
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 40,900,000 km2
Extent of Occurrence (non-breeding) 102,000,000 km2
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size 60000000-109999999 mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend decreasing - suspected -
Generation length 4.7 years - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 9,630,000-16,000,000 pairs, which equates to 19,300,000-32,100,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.30% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 64,000,000-107,000,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: In Europe, trends between 1980 and 2013 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (p<0.01) (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Afghanistan extant native yes yes
Albania extant native yes
Algeria extant native yes
Angola extant native yes
Armenia extant native yes
Austria extant native yes
Azerbaijan extant native yes
Bahrain extant native yes
Bangladesh extant native yes
Belarus extant native yes
Belgium extant native yes
Benin extant native yes
Bhutan extant native yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina extant native yes
Botswana extant native yes
Bulgaria extant native yes
Burkina Faso extant native yes
Burundi extant native yes
Cameroon extant native yes
Cape Verde extant vagrant
Central African Republic extant native yes
Chad extant native yes
China (mainland) extant native yes
Comoros extant vagrant
Congo extant native yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the extant native yes
Côte d'Ivoire extant native yes
Croatia extant native yes
Cyprus extant native yes
Czechia extant native yes
Denmark extant native yes yes
Djibouti extant native yes
Egypt extant native yes
Equatorial Guinea extant native yes
Eritrea extant native yes
Estonia extant native yes
Eswatini extant native yes
Ethiopia extant native yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) extant vagrant
Finland extant native yes yes
France extant native yes yes
Gabon extant native yes
Gambia extant native yes
Georgia extant native yes
Germany extant native yes yes
Ghana extant native yes
Gibraltar (to UK) extant native yes yes
Greece extant native yes yes
Guinea extant native yes
Guinea-Bissau extant native yes
Hungary extant native yes
Iceland extant vagrant
India extant native yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes yes
Iraq extant native yes
Ireland extant native yes
Israel extant native yes
Italy extant native yes yes
Jordan extant native yes yes
Kazakhstan extant native yes
Kenya extant native yes
Kuwait extant native yes
Kyrgyzstan extant native yes
Latvia extant native yes
Lebanon extant native yes yes
Liberia extant native yes
Libya extant native yes
Liechtenstein extant native yes
Lithuania extant native yes
Luxembourg extant native yes
Malawi extant native yes
Maldives extant vagrant
Mali extant native yes
Malta extant native yes
Mauritania extant native
Moldova extant native yes yes
Monaco extant native yes
Mongolia extant native yes
Montenegro extant native yes
Morocco extant native yes yes
Mozambique extant native yes
Namibia extant native yes
Nepal extant native yes
Netherlands extant native yes
Niger extant native yes
Nigeria extant native yes
North Macedonia extant native yes
Norway extant native yes yes
Oman extant native yes yes
Pakistan extant native yes yes
Palau extant native yes
Poland extant native yes
Portugal extant native yes
Qatar extant native yes
Romania extant native yes
Russia extant native yes
Russia (Asian) extant native yes
Russia (Central Asian) extant native yes
Russia (European) extant native yes
Rwanda extant native yes
San Marino extant native yes
Saudi Arabia extant native yes
Senegal extant native yes
Serbia extant native yes
Seychelles extant vagrant
Sierra Leone extant native yes
Slovakia extant native yes
Slovenia extant native yes
Somalia extant native yes
South Africa extant native yes
South Sudan extant native yes
Spain extant native yes
Sri Lanka extant native yes
Sudan extant native yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) extant vagrant
Sweden extant native yes yes
Switzerland extant native yes
Syria extant native yes yes
Tajikistan extant native yes
Tanzania extant native yes
Togo extant native yes
Tunisia extant native yes
Türkiye extant native yes
Turkmenistan extant native yes
Uganda extant native yes
Ukraine extant native yes yes
United Arab Emirates extant native yes yes yes
United Kingdom extant native yes
Uzbekistan extant native yes
Western Sahara extant native yes yes
Yemen extant native yes yes
Zambia extant native yes
Zimbabwe extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Grassland Tundra suitable breeding
Grassland Tundra suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - non-trivial recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Motacilla flava. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/western-yellow-wagtail-motacilla-flava on 03/03/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 03/03/2024.