LC
Western Rock Nuthatch Sitta neumayer



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status altitudinal migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 26.5 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,390,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2500000-12999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 1,030,000-5,080,000 pairs, which equates to 2,060,000-10,200,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.80% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 2,575,000-12,750,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. The European population is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovenia V Extant
Syria N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Armenia Meghri
Azerbaijan Gobustan area
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Krumovitza
Bulgaria Madzharovo
Bulgaria Mesta Valley
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets
Greece Acheron delta and gorge
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Dadias-Dereiou-Aisimis forest
Greece East Lakonia mountains
Greece Lake Distos
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa
Greece Mount Erimanthos
Greece Mount Ghiona, Reka ravine, Lazorema, and Vathia Lakka
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Mount Olympos, Lesvos
Greece Mount Paramithias
Greece Mount Taigetos
Greece Mount Ymittos
Greece Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece South-west peninsula-petrified forest, Lesvos
Greece Southern and eastern part of Mount Parnassos
Greece Southern Mani, Mount Sanghias and Cape Tenaro
Greece Valtou mountains
Iraq Ser Amadiya and Sulav Resort
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve
Lebanon Upper Mountains of Akkar-Donnieh
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Demir Kapija Gorge
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Lake Tikvesh
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Mariovo
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Pchinja-river Petroshnica-river Kriva Reka
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Taor Gorge
Montenegro Lake Skadar
Syria Mount Hermon

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Sitta neumayer. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/12/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/12/2017.