LC
Western Reef-egret Egretta gularis



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Egretta gularis (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) contains the taxon dimorpha, which was previously included within E. garzetta following Kushlan and Hancock (2005)Prior to that, all three taxa were treated as separate species following Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
2012 Not Recognised
2008 Not Recognised
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 52,900,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 54,200,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2009
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.6 - - -

Trend justification: The overall population trend is stable, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Barbados V Extant
Benin N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Cape Verde V Extant Yes
Comoros N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Djibouti N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant Yes
Equatorial Guinea N Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia V Extant Yes
Gabon N Extant Yes
Gambia N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant Yes
Guinea-Bissau N Extant Yes
India N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant Yes
Madagascar N Extant Yes
Mali N Extant Yes
Martinique (to France) V Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant Yes
Mayotte (to France) N Extant Yes
Montserrat (to UK) V Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant Yes
Mozambique N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Portugal V Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) V Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes Yes
São Tomé e Príncipe N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
Sierra Leone N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Togo N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
Western Sahara N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
United Arab Emirates Abu Al Abyad Island
United Arab Emirates Abu Al Sayayif
United Arab Emirates Khor Al Beidah
United Arab Emirates Khor Al Jazirah

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable resident
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable resident
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands suitable resident
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable resident
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline major resident
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable resident
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc major resident
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches major resident
Marine Intertidal Tidepools major resident
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Back Slope major resident
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Foreslope (Outer Reef Slope) major resident
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Inter-Reef Rubble Substrate major resident
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Inter-Reef Soft Substrate major resident
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Lagoon major resident
Marine Neritic Coral Reef - Outer Reef Channel major resident
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 300 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Unlikely to Return Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines
Stresses
Species mortality

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Egretta gularis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/08/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/08/2019.