LC
Western Piping Hornbill Bycanistes fistulator



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Bycanistes fistulator and B. sharpii (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) were previously lumped as B. fistulator following Dowsett & Forbes-Watson (1993), and before then were present in the genus Ceratogymna as C. fistulator following Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993). 

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,880,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 19 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 19 - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 19 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be generally common across a wide range (del Hoyo et al. 2001).

Trend justification: Although tolerant of habitat modification and not thought to be subject to severe hunting pressure, the species is nevertheless suspected to be declining.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Benin N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant Yes
Guinea-Bissau N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant Yes
Mali N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
Sierra Leone N Extant Yes
Togo N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Benin Ouémé river basin
Côte d'Ivoire Comoe National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Sangbe Mountain National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Gueoule and Glo Mountain Forest Reserves
Côte d'Ivoire Peko Mountain National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Marahoue National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Bossematie Forest Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Lamto Ecological Research Station
Côte d'Ivoire Parc National de Taï et Réserve de faune du N'Zo
Côte d'Ivoire Mopri Forest Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Yapo and Mambo Forest Reserves
Côte d'Ivoire Azagny National Park
Ghana Ankasa Resource Reserve - Nini-Sushien National Park
Ghana Bia National Park and Resource Reserve
Ghana Boin Tano Forest Reserve
Ghana Boin River Forest Reserve
Ghana Bura River Forest Reserve
Ghana Cape Three Points Forest Reserve
Ghana Jema-Asemkrom Forest Reserve
Ghana Kakum National Park - Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve
Ghana Mamiri Forest Reserve
Ghana Pra-Sushien Forest Reserve
Ghana Subri River Forest Reserve
Ghana Tano-Ehuro Forest Reserve
Ghana Tano-Nimiri Forest Reserve
Ghana Yoyo River Forest Reserve
Guinea Gangan Foret Classe
Guinea Massif du Ziama
Guinea Diécké
Guinea-Bissau Rio Cacheu
Guinea-Bissau Lagoas de Cufada
Liberia Wologizi mountains
Liberia Wonegizi mountains
Liberia Lofa-Gola-Mano Complex
Liberia Nimba mountains
Liberia Lake Piso (Cape Mount)
Liberia Zwedru
Liberia Cestos - Senkwen
Liberia Sapo
Liberia Grebo
Nigeria Okomu National Park
Nigeria Omo Forest Reserve
Nigeria Sunvit Farm
Sierra Leone Kangari Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Kambui Hills Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Gola Forests
Senegal Delta du Saloum
Senegal Parc National de Basse Casamance
Togo Fazao-Malfakassa National Park
Ghana Kyabobo National Park
Ghana Digya National Park

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Swamp major resident
Altitude 0 - 600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Bycanistes fistulator. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/12/2022.