LC
West Indian Woodpecker Melanerpes superciliaris



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency medium
Land-mass type Average mass -
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 603,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size unknown - - -
Population trend decreasing - suspected 2015-2025
Rate of change over the past 10 years/3 generations (longer of the two periods) 1-9% - - -
Rate of change over the future 10 years/3 generations (longer of the two periods) 1-9% - - -
Rate of change over the past & future 10 years/3 generations (longer of the two periods) 1-9% - - -
Generation length 3.2 years - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'common' (Stotz et al. 1996).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline locally owing to ongoing habitat destruction (del Hoyo et al. 2002). Locally, hurricanes can lead to sharp population declines, but the species shows a considerable resilience and appears able to recover within only two years after a severe hurricane (M. Akresh in litt. 2020; Akresh et al. 2020). About 5% of tree cover has been lost within the range over the past ten years (Global Forest Watch 2021); consequently, population declines are likely to be very low, not exceeding 10% over ten years.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Bahamas extant native yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) extant native yes
Cuba extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cuba Guanahacabibes
Cuba Mil Cumbres
Cuba Sierra del Rosario
Cuba Cienaga de Lanier y Sur de la Isla de la Juventud
Cuba Ciénaga de Zapata
Cuba Topes de Collantes
Cuba Alturas de Banao
Cuba Cayo Sabinal, Ballenatos y Manglares de la Bahía de Nuevitas
Cuba Gibara
Cuba Río Máximo
Cuba Cayos Romano - Cruz - Megano Grande
Cuba Limones - Tuabaquey
Cuba Sierra del Chorrillo
Cuba Turquino - Bayamesa
Cuba Desembarco del Granma
Cuba Delta del Cauto
Cuba La Mensura
Cuba Delta del Mayarí
Cuba Pico Cristal
Cuba Gran Piedra - Pico Mogote
Cuba Alejandro de Humboldt
Cuba Hatibonico - Baitiquirí - Imías
Cuba Siboney - Juticí
Cuba Gran Humedal del Norte de Ciego de Ávila

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 900 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Melanerpes superciliaris. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/west-indian-woodpecker-melanerpes-superciliaris on 25/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 25/02/2024.