LC
Wattled Ibis Bostrychia carunculata



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 706,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 670-17000 poor estimated 2009
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 10.1 - - -

Population justification: The population is estimated to number 1,000-25,000 individuals, roughly equating to 670-17,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The population trend is difficult to determine because of uncertainty over the main threats to the species.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Eritrea Asmara escarpment
Eritrea Senafe
Ethiopia Akaki - Aba-Samuel wetlands
Ethiopia Ankober - Debre Sina escarpment
Ethiopia Awi Zone
Ethiopia Bahir Dar - Lake Tana
Ethiopia Bale Mountains National Park
Ethiopia Berga floodplain
Ethiopia Borana-Saynt (Denkoro Forest)
Ethiopia Chilimo-Gaji forest
Ethiopia Choke mountains
Ethiopia Dessa'a forest
Ethiopia Entoto Natural Park and escarpment
Ethiopia Gefersa reservoir
Ethiopia Guassa Plateau (Menz)
Ethiopia Gudo plain
Ethiopia Hugumburda and Grat-Kahsu forests
Ethiopia Jibat forest
Ethiopia Lake Ashenge
Ethiopia Menagesha State Forest
Ethiopia Metu - Gore - Tepi forests
Ethiopia Mount Zuquala
Ethiopia Mugo highlands
Ethiopia Simien Mountains National Park
Ethiopia Sululta plain
Ethiopia Tiro Boter - Becho forest

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable resident
Altitude 1500 - 4100 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Unknown
Stresses
Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Unknown
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Unknown
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Climate change & severe weather Droughts Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Unknown
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Human intrusions & disturbance War, civil unrest & military exercises Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Unknown
Stresses
Species disturbance
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Unknown
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Unknown
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Bostrychia carunculata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/11/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/11/2017.