Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 18 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 16,400,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 24,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 500000-1499999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 29,000-69,700 pairs, which equates to 57,900-139,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.10% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 579,000-1,390,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. The population in China has been estimated at c.100-10,000 breeding pairs (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. The European population trend is unknown (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria V Extant
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Belgium V Extant
Bhutan N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia V Extant
France N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Jordan V Extant
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Luxembourg V Extant
Malta V Extant
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco V Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal V Extant
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Andorra Pirineo de Andorra
Cyprus Episkopi Cliffs
Romania Trascău Mountains
Romania Bicaz gorge and Hăşmaş Mountains
Romania Domogled - Cernei valley
Slovenia Julijci
Poland Tatra mountains
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Tymfi (Gkamila) and Smolikas mountains
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Mount Olympos
Greece Mount Grammos
Hungary Bükk
Russia (European) Bazarduyzi and Shalbuzdag alpine mountains
Russia (European) Caucasus Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Teberdinski Nature Reserve
Spain Picos de Europa mountain range
Spain San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret
Spain Cerdaña
Spain Boumort mountains
Spain Cadí mountains
Spain La Losa-Orduña (Salvada mountain range)
Spain Fuentes Carrionas
Spain Babia-Somiedo
Spain Central ranges of the Cantabric mountains
Spain Collarada-Telera
Spain Panticosa-Vignemale-Tendeñera
Spain Ordesa-Bielsa
Spain Gistaín-Cotiella
Spain Posets-Maladeta
Spain Oturia-Canciás
Spain Belagua-Ansó-Hecho
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Montagne Sainte-Victoire
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Bec de Crigne
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risol et Mont d'Or
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Vallée du Haut-Guil
France Parc National de la Vanoise
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Grigne
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy Lagorai mountains
Italy Tarvisio Forest
Italy Gran Sasso d'Italia
Italy Carniche Alps
Italy Sirente, Velino and Duchessa mountains
Italy Apennines from Passo del Cerreto to Monte Caligi
Italy Alpi Apuane
Italy Ligurian Alps
Italy Maritime Alps
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys
Italy Adamello-Brenta
Italy Stelvio National Park
Italy Orobie Alps and pre-Alps
Italy Sibillini mountains
Italy Laga mountains
Italy Antigorio and Formazza valleys
Italy Anzasca and Antrona valleys
Italy Mont Blanc (Italian side)
Italy Monte Rosa (Valle d'Aosta side)
Italy Dolomites
Georgia Eastern Caucasus
Georgia Iori Region
Georgia Meskheti
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Ovcar-Kablar gorge
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Tatry
Slovakia Velká Fatra
Slovakia Malá Fatra
Slovakia Chocské hills
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Slovakia Muránska plateau and Stolicke hills
Serbia Sara mountain
Serbia Suva mountain
Serbia Sicevo gorge
Serbia Zlot gorge--Dubasnica
Serbia Resava gorge
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Austria Northern Kalkalpen
Austria Niedere Tauern
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Austria Nockberge National Park
Austria Silvretta and Verwall
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Pays d'Enhaut
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Gurnigel
Switzerland Upper Toggenburg and Säntis
Switzerland Central Valais between Sierre and Visp
Switzerland Valley of Zermatt
Switzerland Aletsch region
Switzerland Augstmatthorn
Switzerland Heinzenberg mountain and surrounding valleys
Switzerland Lower Engadine and Swiss National Park
Switzerland Simplon region
Switzerland Maggia valley
Switzerland Piora - Dötra
Switzerland Bregaglia valley
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Schwyz
Germany Ammergau mountains
Germany Karwendel and Karwendel foothills
Germany Northern Black Forest, west of the Murg
Germany South-eastern Alb and Upper Danube valley
Germany Kaiserstuhl
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Montenegro Biogradska woods
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains
Turkey Bolkar Mountains
Afghanistan Big Pamir
Afghanistan Small Pamir
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lar River Protected Area
Russia (European) Kebyaktepe ridge
Russia (European) Kabardino-Balkarski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Alaniya National Park
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Armenia Meghri
France Vallée de la Restonica
France Parc National du Mercantour
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes
Kazakhstan Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Big Almaty Gorge
Russia (Central Asian) Kurkure mountain
Afghanistan Salang Kotal
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arasbaran Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
North Macedonia Jakupica Mountain
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Uzbekistan Bashkyzylsay Unit of the Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve
Uzbekistan Dzhum-Dzhum
Turkmenistan Dushakerekdag
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park
Italy Carniche pre-Alps
Austria Karwendel
Tajikistan Bulunkul and Yashilkul lakes and mountains
Tajikistan Rangkul valley (Rangkul & Shorkul Lakes)
Tajikistan Dzhavshangoz
Tajikistan Kondara Gorge
Tajikistan Iskanderkul lake and mountains
Tajikistan Drumkul Lake
Kazakhstan Almaty State Nature Reserve
Tajikistan Aktash massif
Tajikistan Kulikalon Lakes
Tajikistan Ishkashim
Tajikistan Dashtidjum
Tajikistan Kattasay and Daganasay Reservoirs
Russia (European) Alagirskoye i Kurtatinskoye ravines (Severo-Osetinski (North Osetin) Nature Reserve)
Russia (European) Bolchoi Tkhach mountain
Russia (European) Sources of Kuna and Shisha rivers
Russia (European) Kosobo-Kelebski reserve
Uzbekistan Central section of the Kurama Mountain Range
Uzbekistan Pulatkhan Gorge
Uzbekistan Oygaing River Valley
Russia (European) Kezenoi-Am lake
Russia (European) Tlyaratinski reserve
Russia (European) Priel'brus'ye National Park
Russia (European) Targimskaya intermountain
Russia (European) Shanskoye ravine
Uzbekistan Gissar State Nature Reserve
North Macedonia River Radika catchment
Slovenia Grintovci
Russia (European) Sochinsky National Park
Turkey Girdev Lake and Akdağlar
Turkey Bey Mountains
Turkey Aladağlar
Turkey Munzur Mountains
Turkey Buzul and İkiyaka Mountains
Italy Abruzzo National Park
Turkey Ağrı Mount
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains
North Macedonia Shar Planina Mountain
Germany Northern Black Forest
Poland Pieniny Mountains
Kyrgyzstan Eastern Alai
Kyrgyzstan Gorge Tash-Rabat
Kyrgyzstan Western Alai, Kok-Suu river
Nepal Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve
Nepal Kanchenjungha Conservation Area
Nepal Makalu Barun National Park
Nepal Sagarmatha National Park
Nepal Shey-Phoksundo National Park
Nepal Tamur valley and watershed
Slovenia Karavanke
Armenia Dsegh
Armenia Gndasar
Armenia Haghartsin
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Armenia Pombak mountain chain
Kazakhstan Kapchagay Canyon
Serbia Kucaj-Beljanica

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Tichodroma muraria. Downloaded from on 09/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 09/08/2020.