LC
Violet Turaco Musophaga violacea



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,990,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be locally common in several areas, even very common in some places (del Hoyo et al. 1997).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Benin N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Central African Republic N Extant Yes
Chad N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Gambia N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant Yes
Guinea-Bissau N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant Yes
Mali N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
Sierra Leone V Extant Yes
Togo N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Benin Ouémé river basin
Benin Pendjari National Park
Benin W du Bénin National Park
Burkina Faso Bérégadougou hill
Burkina Faso Diéfoula - Logoniégué forest
Burkina Faso Kaboré Tambi - Nazinga - Sissili complex
Burkina Faso Mare aux Hippopotames
Cameroon Bénoué National Park
Cameroon Faro National Park
Cameroon Gashiga - Demsa
Côte d'Ivoire Comoe National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Lamto Ecological Research Station
Côte d'Ivoire Marahoue National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Sangbe Mountain National Park
Gambia Prufu - Darsilami area
Ghana Bui National Park
Ghana Damongo Scarp Forest Reserve
Ghana Digya National Park
Ghana Gambaga Scarp (East) Forest Reserve
Ghana Gbele Resource Reserve
Ghana Kalakpa Resource Reserve
Ghana Mole National Park
Ghana Shai Hills Resource Reserve
Guinea Badiar
Guinea Mafou
Guinea Nialama
Guinea-Bissau Dulombi
Guinea-Bissau Lagoas de Cufada
Guinea-Bissau Rio Cacheu
Guinea-Bissau Rio Tombali, Rio Cumbijã and Ilha de Melo
Mali Bafing
Mali Boucle du Baoulé
Mali Sirakoroni - Tyènfala
Niger 'W' National Park
Nigeria Amurum woodlands (Taboru)
Nigeria Assop Falls and hills
Nigeria Falgore and Lame Burra Game Reserves
Nigeria Gashaka-Gumti National Park
Nigeria IITA Forest Reserve, Ibadan
Nigeria Kagoro - Nindam Forest Reserves and vicinity
Nigeria Kainji Lake National Park
Nigeria Kamuku National Park
Nigeria Lower Kaduna - Middle Niger flood-plain
Nigeria Pandam Wildlife Park
Nigeria Sunvit Farm
Nigeria Yankari Game Reserve
Senegal Delta du Saloum
Senegal Parc National de Basse Casamance
Senegal Parc National du Niokolo-Koba
Togo Fazao-Malfakassa National Park
Togo Kéran National Park
Togo Oti Valley Faunal Reserve

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Species factsheet: Musophaga violacea. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/12/2018. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2018) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/12/2018.