Violet-capped Hummingbird Goldmania violiceps


Justification of Red List Category
This species has a small range, which may be undergoing a slow decline in extent, area and quality of habitat; and this may consequently may be causing the population to decline. However, the species is not thought to be severely fragmented or restricted to a limited number of locations and so the species is listed as Near Threatened.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'fairly common' (Stotz et al. [1996]).

Trend justification
Deforestation rates suggest that this species could potentially be undergoing a slow decline (Tracewski et al. 2016), but given that the rate of forest loss is so slow (c.2.4% over 3 generations [c.12.5 years]) the species is only very tentatively assessed as declining.

Distribution and population

This species is restricted to Cerro Azul, Cerro Brewster, Cerro Bruja, Cerro Mali, Cerro Tacarcuna and Serranía de Majé of central and eastern Panama, as well as mountains of the extreme north-west Colombia (Schuchmann et al. 2017). Tracewski et al. (2016) estimated the maximum Area of Occupancy (calculated as the remaining tree area within the species’s range) to be c.1,291 km2, rounded here to 1,300 km2.


This species is found in humid forest at altitudes of between 600 and 1,200 m (see Schuchmann et al. 2017).


A slow amount of deforestation may be threatening this species (see Tracewski et al. 2016), but much of this habitat has not been affected by man yet (Schuchmann et al. 2017).

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
No targeted conservation actions are known.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct surveys to better estimate population size and trends.


Text account compilers
Butchart, S., Westrip, J., Ekstrom, J., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Goldmania violiceps. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/01/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/01/2020.