LC
Violet-backed Starling Cinnyricinclus leucogaster



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass 44 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 23,900,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 23,600,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common to abundant throughout its range (Feare and Craig 1998).

Trend justification: The species's population is suspected to be declining in line with the clearance and degradation of highland forest within its range. The likely rate of decline, however, has not been estimated.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Angola N Extant
Benin N Extant
Botswana N Extant
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
Congo N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Djibouti N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Eswatini N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Ghana N Extant
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Israel V Extant
Kenya N Extant
Lesotho V Extant
Liberia N Extant
Malawi N Extant
Mali N Extant
Mauritania V Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Togo N Extant
Uganda N Extant
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Savanna Dry major breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater Springs and Oases suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater Springs and Oases suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 2500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Cinnyricinclus leucogaster. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/04/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/04/2020.