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Vinaceous-breasted Amazon Amazona vinacea
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Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- C2a(i) A2c+3cd+4cd; C2a(i); D1

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Endangered C2a(i)
2013 Endangered C2a(i)
2012 Endangered C2a(i)
2009 Endangered C2a(i)
2008 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Endangered
1996 Endangered
1994 Endangered
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status nomadic Forest dependency High
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass 254 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,230,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 600-1700 good estimated 2007
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 30-49 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 30-49 - - -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 12.3 - - -

Population justification: Based on estimates of 1,500-2,000 individuals in Brazil (G. Bencke in litt. 2009), 220-400 in Paraguay and 253 in Argentina (K. Cockle in litt. 2009), the total population is believed to lie within the range 1,970-2,650 individuals and is placed precautionarily within the band 1,000-2,499. This equates to 667-1,666 mature individuals, rounded here to 600-1,700 mature individuals.

Trend justification: A rapid and on-going population decline is suspected owing to illegal nest poaching, habitat destruction and persecution as a crop pest.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina N Extant Yes
Brazil N Extant Yes
Paraguay N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Argentina Alta cuenca del arroyo Alegría
Argentina Campo Viera y Campo Ramón
Argentina Parque Nacional Iguazú y alrededores
Argentina Parque Provincial Cruce Caballero
Argentina Parque Provincial Piñalito y alrededores
Argentina Parque Provincial Uruzú y Reserva Forestal San Jorge
Argentina San Antonio
Argentina San Pedro
Brazil Campos de Cima da Serra
Brazil Campos do Planalto das Araucárias
Brazil Campos Gerais do Paraná
Brazil Caratinga
Brazil Complexo Pedra Azul / Forno Grande
Brazil General Carneiro
Brazil Guaraqueçaba / Jacupiranga / Cananéia
Brazil Laranjal / Miracema
Brazil Maciço Florestal de Paranapiacaba
Brazil Painel / Urupema
Brazil Parque Estadual da Serra do Brigadeiro
Brazil Parque Estadual da Serra do Papagaio
Brazil Parque Estadual das Lauráceas e Entorno
Brazil Parque Estadual do Rio Doce
Brazil Parque Nacional da Chapada Diamantina
Brazil Parque Nacional de Monte Pascoal
Brazil Parque Nacional de São Joaquim
Brazil Parque Nacional do Caparaó
Brazil Parque Nacional do Iguaçu
Brazil Região dos Aparados da Serra
Brazil São Francisco Xavier / Monte Verde
Brazil Serra da Cantareira
Brazil Serra da Mantiqueira
Brazil Serra do Tabuleiro State Park (Parque Estadual da Serra do Tabuleiro IBA)
Paraguay Bosque Mbaracayú
Paraguay Estancia Itabó
Paraguay Limoy
Paraguay Morombi
Paraguay Parque Nacional San Rafael
Paraguay Refugio Carapá
Paraguay Reserva Itabó - Itaipú
Paraguay Ypeti

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines
Stresses
Species mortality
Energy production & mining Mining & quarrying Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Unlikely to Return Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Wearing apparel, accessories Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Amazona vinacea. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/10/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/10/2017.