LC
Vervain Hummingbird Mellisuga minima



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 198,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.2 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'common' (Stotz et al. (1996).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Cayman Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
Dominican Republic N Extant Yes
Haiti N Extant Yes
Jamaica N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Jamaica Blue Mountains
Jamaica John Crow Mountains
Jamaica Mount Diablo
Jamaica Jericho
Jamaica Teak Pen
Jamaica Bull Head
Jamaica Dry Harbour Mountain
Jamaica Fyffe and Rankine
Jamaica Duffus Mountain
Jamaica Hyde Hall Mountain
Jamaica Point Hill
Jamaica Negril
Jamaica Rose Hall
Dominican Republic Bahía de las Calderas
Jamaica Cockpit Country
Jamaica Yallahs
Jamaica Dolphin Head
Dominican Republic Jaragua National Park
Dominican Republic Eastern Bahoruco
Dominican Republic Honduras
Dominican Republic Enriquillo Lake National Park
Dominican Republic Cabral Lagoon
Dominican Republic Limón Lagoon
Dominican Republic Loma Guaconejo
Dominican Republic Parque Nacional Montaña La Humeadora
Dominican Republic Nalga de Maco-Río Limpio
Dominican Republic Loma Quita Espuela
Dominican Republic Haitises National Park
Dominican Republic Armando Bermudez National Park
Dominican Republic Cotubanamá
Dominican Republic Punta Cana
Dominican Republic Ebano Verde Scientific Reserve
Dominican Republic Sierra de Bahoruco National Park
Dominican Republic Sierra de Neyba
Dominican Republic Sierra Martin Garcia National Park
Dominican Republic Parque Nacional Dr Juan Bautista Pérez Rancier (Valle Nuevo)
Jamaica Bluefields
Jamaica Litchfield Mountain - Matheson's Run
Jamaica Portland Ridge and Bight
Jamaica Hellshire Hills
Haiti Aux Diablotins
Jamaica Black River Great Morass
Jamaica Catadupa
Haiti Coquillage - Pointe Est
Haiti Les Grottes
Haiti Citadelle - Sans Souci - Ramier
Haiti Trou Caïman
Jamaica Font Hill

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2400 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Mellisuga minima. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/02/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/02/2021.