LC
Variable Wheatear Oenanthe picata



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,770,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 2,100,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common (del Hoyo et al. 2005).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Egypt V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Israel V Extant
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Nepal V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Afghanistan Hari Rud valley
Afghanistan North-western steppe
Afghanistan Bande Amir
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khosh-Yeilagh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khabr-va-Rouchoon Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Deh Bakhri area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kuh-i Bazman
Oman Musandam (mainland)
Afghanistan Pech and Waygal valleys
Afghanistan Registan desert
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Touran
Iran, Islamic Republic of Tandoureh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hormod Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kuh-i Taftan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Monde Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits
Iran, Islamic Republic of Geno
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Shur, Rud-i-Shirin and Rud-i-Minab deltas
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khor Jask
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Jagin and Rud-i-Gabrik deltas
Iran, Islamic Republic of Chahbahar Bay and Khor Konarak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
United Arab Emirates Digdaga - Hamraniyah
United Arab Emirates Qarn Nazwa
Uzbekistan Nuratau Range
Turkmenistan Koytendag
Turkmenistan Sumbar
Turkmenistan Dushakerekdag
Turkmenistan Gurykhovudan
Turkmenistan Kurtusuv - Khovudan
Turkmenistan Soltansanjar - Duyeboyun
Tajikistan Mogoltau massif
Tajikistan Dangara massif
Uzbekistan Sarmysh Nature Park
Uzbekistan Darasay Gorge
Uzbekistan Middle reaches of the Sherabad River
Turkmenistan Badhyz
Turkmenistan Kurendag - Garagoz
Turkmenistan Uly Balkan
Turkmenistan Garabil
Turkmenistan Garashor
Turkmenistan Garachop

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Desert Hot major breeding
Desert Hot major non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 2400 m

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Oenanthe picata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/12/2022.