LC
Ural Owl Strix uralensis



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
Cheng Tso-hsin. 1987. A synopsis of the avifauna of China. Paul Parey Scientific Publishers, Hamburg and Berlin.
Cheng Tso-hsin. 1987. A synopsis of the avifauna of China. Paul Parey Scientific Publishers, Hamburg and Berlin.
Cheng Tso-hsin. 1994. A complete checklist of species and subspecies of Chinese birds. Science Press, Beijing.
Cheng Tso-hsin. 1994. A complete checklist of species and subspecies of Chinese birds. Science Press, Beijing.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 34,500,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 350000-1200000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 12.9 - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 50,000-143,000 pairs, which equates to 99,900-286,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 25% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 396,000-1,140,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in part due to the provision of thousands of nest boxes in some areas to replace dead-wood habitat lost during forestry operations (del Hoyo et al. 1999). In Europe the population size is estimated to be increasing (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
North Korea N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Sweden Färnebofjärden
Sweden Florarna
North Macedonia Shar Planina Mountain
Serbia Resava gorge
Bosnia and Herzegovina Boracko jezero
Belarus Bielaviežškaja Pušča
Belarus Asvieja
Belarus Halubickaja Pušča
Belarus Kaz'jany
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Estonia Nehatu mire
Estonia Ohepalu
Latvia Ziemelu bogs
Romania Bârnova woodland
Slovenia Krakovo forest and Šentjernej plain
Sweden Lake Tjålme – Valley of Lais
Sweden Lake Persöfjärden
Sweden Lake Gammelstadsviken
Sweden Sjaunja
Sweden Lake Tämnaren
Sweden Båtfors – Bredfors
Sweden Dannemora
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Niepolomice forest
Poland Gorce mountains
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Lake Pihlajavesi
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Luoto archipelago
Hungary Aggtelek Karst
Hungary Zemplén Mountains
Hungary Bükk
Russia (European) Sources of Osuga river
Russia (European) Sources of the River Luga
Ukraine Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Ukraine Gorgany
Ukraine Carpathian Vulkanichnyj Mountains
Czechia Beskydy mountains
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Estonia Põhja-Liivimaa
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Russia (Central Asian) Bystroistokskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Dresvyanskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Verkhne-Kondinsky zakaznik
Latvia Abeli
Latvia Zabolotje bogs
Latvia Adazi
Latvia Orlovas bog
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Latvia Ziemelgauja
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds
Latvia Augsdaugava
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine
Latvia Sita and Pededze flood-plain
Latvia Vecumi
Latvia Vidusburtnieks
Latvia Augstroze
Latvia Kuja
Latvia Stompaku bogs
Latvia Berzpils bogs and flood-plains
Latvia Mezole
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Russia (European) Ichalkovski forest
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural
Russia (European) Kilemarski Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Teletskoye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Pershinsko-Manatkinsky area
Russia (Central Asian) Baturino-Simansky area
Russia (Central Asian) Ilmensky zapovednik
Russia (Central Asian) Visimsky zapovednik and vicinity
Russia (Central Asian) Shapshal ridge
Russia (Central Asian) Tundyt mountain
Lithuania Adutiskis & Guntauninkai forest complex
Mongolia Gorkhi-Terelj National Park
Lithuania Birzai forest
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Sweden Lake Lim
Sweden Sjöängen – Svartån
Poland Warmia Site
Poland Beskid Zywiecki Mountains
Poland Babia Gora Mountain
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Poland Slonne Mountains
Italy Cividalese and upper Torre valley
Poland Roztocze
Russia (European) Yuzhskoe lake-land
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley
Slovenia Jelovica plateau
Slovenia Grintovci
Slovenia Kočevsko
Russia (Asian) Sayanski canyon of the Enisey river
Slovakia Laborecká upland
Slovakia Vihorlat
Croatia Plitvice Lakes National Park
Croatia Gorski Kotar and Northern Lika
Croatia Mount Velebit
Slovakia Volovské hills
Slovakia Čergov
Slovakia Slanské hills
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural
Russia (Central Asian) Zaikovo forest
Russia (Central Asian) Zapovednik "Denezhkin Kamen'"
Russia (Central Asian) Poyasovy Kamen' ridge
Russia (Central Asian) Kileinoye bog
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of the Tuy river
Russia (Central Asian) Ozersky pine forest
Russia (Central Asian) Korgonskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Kurkure mountain
Russia (European) Karabash-Kudashskaya forest-steppe
Germany Bayerischer Wald National Park with Arber region and Hohem Bogen
Romania Cozia - Buila - Vânturariţa
Romania Dealurile Nordice ale Munţilor Făgăraş
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Romania Defileul Superior al Mureşului
Romania Grădiştea Muncelului
Romania Baraolt Mountains - Bodoc
Romania Igniş Mountains - Creasta Cocoşului
Romania Vrancea Mountains
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain
Romania Podişul Hârtibaciului
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Beskid Wyspowy Mountains
Poland Poprad Site
Mongolia Khan Khentii Strictly Protected Area
Mongolia Khangain Nuruu National Park
Poland Janów forests
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Solokija River Valley
Poland Polica Mountain Range
Poland Tatra mountains
Poland Pieniny Mountains
Poland Beskid Slaski Mountains
Poland Grzeda Sokalska Beechwood
Poland Czarna River Valley
Poland Sieniawa Forest
Poland Wloszczowa Basin
Poland Sandomierz Forest
Slovenia Julijci
Slovenia Trnovski gozd
Estonia Kikepera
Russia (Central Asian) Suzunsky pine forest
Japan Mount Taisetsu
Norway Reisa
Estonia Kärevere
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Väinameri
Croatia Mt Bilogora and Kalnik
Estonia Agusalu
Estonia Haanja
Estonia Karula
Estonia Kõnnumaa-Väätsa
Estonia Kõrvemaa
Estonia Käntu-Kastja
Estonia Lavassaare
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Marimetsa-Õmma
Estonia Meenikunno bog
Estonia Misso
Sweden Muddus
Sweden Påkketan
Serbia Cemerno
Serbia Derdap gorge
Serbia Golija
Serbia Homolje

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Forest Boreal major resident
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable resident
Altitude 450 - 1600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations - Agro-industry plantations Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Competition

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Strix uralensis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/12/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/12/2021.