Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 10,700,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 4,080,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 750000 poor estimated 2016
Population trend Increasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number 750,000 mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2020).

Trend justification: The species has been roughly stable between 1970 and 2017 (Partners in Flight 2020). Short-term trends suggest that the population increased by 13% over the past three generations (12.3 years), although this value is statistically non-significant (Pardieck et al. 2018; see also Wetlands International 2020). The species is therefore here assessed as increasing.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Antarctica V Extant
Antigua and Barbuda V Extant Yes
Argentina N Extant Yes Yes
Aruba (to Netherlands) V Extant Yes
Australia V Extant
Bahamas N Extant Yes
Barbados N Extant Yes
Belize N Extant Yes
Bermuda (to UK) V Extant
Bolivia N Extant Yes Yes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) V Extant Yes
Brazil N Extant Yes Yes
Canada N Extant Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) V Extant Yes
Chile V Extant Yes
Colombia N Extant Yes
Costa Rica N Extant Yes
Croatia V Extant
Cuba V Extant Yes
Curaçao (to Netherlands) V Extant Yes
Denmark V Extant
Dominica N Extant Yes
Dominican Republic V Extant Yes
Ecuador N Extant Yes
El Salvador N Extant Yes
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) V Extant
France V Extant
French Guiana N Extant Yes
Gabon V Extant
Germany V Extant
Greece V Extant
Greenland (to Denmark) V Extant
Grenada V Extant Yes
Guadeloupe (to France) N Extant Yes
Guatemala N Extant Yes
Guyana N Extant Yes
Haiti V Extant Yes
Honduras N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
Ireland V Extant
Italy V Extant
Jamaica V Extant Yes
Malta V Extant
Martinique (to France) V Extant Yes
Mauritania V Extant
Mexico N Extant Yes
Montserrat (to UK) N Extant Yes
Netherlands V Extant
New Zealand V Extant
Nicaragua N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Panama N Extant Yes
Paraguay N Extant Yes Yes
Peru N Extant Yes
Portugal V Extant
Puerto Rico (to USA) N Extant Yes
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) V Extant Yes
Spain V Extant
St Barthelemy (to France) N Extant Yes
St Helena (to UK) V Extant
St Kitts and Nevis V Extant Yes
St Lucia V Extant Yes
St Martin (to France) V Extant Yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) V Extant Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines V Extant Yes
Suriname N Extant Yes
Trinidad and Tobago N Extant Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uruguay N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes Yes
Venezuela N Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to UK) V Extant Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) V Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Canada Little Fish Lake
Canada Kirkpatrick and Fitzgerald Lakes
Canada Cavendish Railline
Canada Frank Lake (south)
Canada Chappice Lake
Canada Oak Hammock Marsh WMA
Canada Aylmer Wildlife Management Area
Canada Carden Plain
Canada Napanee Limestone Plain
Paraguay Lagunas Saladas - Riacho Yacaré
Colombia Laguna de la Cocha
Colombia Lagos de Yahuarcaca e Isla Ronda

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Grassland Temperate major breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Bartramia longicauda. Downloaded from on 08/02/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 08/02/2023.