Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency does not normally occur in forest
Land-mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 10,700,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 4,080,000 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Number of mature individuals 750000 poor estimated 2016
Population trend increasing estimated -
Generation length (years) 4.1 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number 750,000 mature individuals (Partners in Flight 2020).

Trend justification: The species has been roughly stable between 1970 and 2017 (Partners in Flight 2020). Short-term trends suggest that the population increased by 13% over the past three generations (12.3 years), although this value is statistically non-significant (Pardieck et al. 2018; see also Wetlands International 2020). The species is therefore here assessed as increasing.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Antarctica extant vagrant
Antigua and Barbuda extant vagrant yes
Argentina extant native yes yes
Aruba (to Netherlands) extant vagrant yes
Australia extant vagrant
Bahamas extant native yes
Barbados extant native yes
Belize extant native yes
Bermuda (to UK) extant vagrant
Bolivia extant native yes yes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) extant vagrant yes
Brazil extant native yes yes
Canada extant native yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) extant vagrant yes
Chile extant vagrant yes
Colombia extant native yes
Costa Rica extant native yes
Croatia extant vagrant
Cuba extant vagrant yes
Curaçao (to Netherlands) extant vagrant yes
Denmark extant vagrant
Dominica extant native yes
Dominican Republic extant vagrant yes
Ecuador extant native yes
El Salvador extant native yes
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) extant vagrant
France extant vagrant
French Guiana extant native yes
Gabon extant vagrant
Germany extant vagrant
Greece extant vagrant
Greenland (to Denmark) extant vagrant
Grenada extant vagrant yes
Guadeloupe (to France) extant native yes
Guatemala extant native yes
Guyana extant native yes
Haiti extant vagrant yes
Honduras extant native yes
Iceland extant vagrant
Ireland extant vagrant
Italy extant vagrant
Jamaica extant vagrant yes
Malta extant vagrant
Martinique (to France) extant vagrant yes
Mauritania extant vagrant
Mexico extant native yes
Montserrat (to UK) extant native yes
Netherlands extant vagrant
New Zealand extant vagrant
Nicaragua extant native yes
Norway extant vagrant
Panama extant native yes
Paraguay extant native yes yes
Peru extant native yes
Portugal extant vagrant
Puerto Rico (to USA) extant native yes
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) extant vagrant yes
Spain extant vagrant
St Barthelemy (to France) extant native yes
St Helena (to UK) extant vagrant
St Kitts and Nevis extant vagrant yes
St Lucia extant vagrant yes
St Martin (to France) extant vagrant yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) extant vagrant yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines extant vagrant yes
Suriname extant native yes
Trinidad and Tobago extant native yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) extant native yes
United Kingdom extant vagrant
Uruguay extant native yes
USA extant native yes yes
Venezuela extant native yes
Virgin Islands (to UK) extant vagrant yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) extant vagrant yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Grassland Temperate major breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - non-trivial recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Bartramia longicauda. Downloaded from on 24/09/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 24/09/2023.