NT
Tytler's Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus tytleri



Justification

Justification of Red List Category
This scarce and poorly known species has a moderately small population which is suspected to be declining as a result of habitat loss and degradation on both the breeding and wintering grounds. It is therefore classified as Near Threatened.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as scarce or locally common (del Hoyo et al. 2006).

Trend justification
Declines are likely to be occurring as a result of habitat loss and degradation in both breeding and wintering grounds.

Distribution and population

Phylloscopus tytleri breeds in the western Himalayas in Pakistan and Kashmir, India (generally from 2,000-3,600 m), passes through Nepal in small numbers during migration and winters mainly in the Western Ghats and Deccan hillocks of peninsular India (Praveen 2007). It is scarce to locally common in Pakistan and Kashmir, rare in Nepal, and infrequently recorded in its wintering range, partly due to identification difficulties.

Ecology

During the breeding season, this species inhabits coniferous forest, as well as subalpine dwarf willows and birches. In winter, it prefers shola forest in the Western Ghats, and frequents altitudes above c.900 m in the Deccan hillocks, where there is suitable tree cover (Praveen 2007).

Threats

In its breeding range, forests are under constant threat from timber extraction, excessive cutting for fuelwood and animal fodder, livestock grazing and burning. In its wintering range, increasing encroachment into forests, livestock grazing, hydroelectric power development, road-building and the harvesting of fuelwood and huge quantities of forest products such as bamboo and canes are causing reductions in forest cover in the Western Ghats.

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway


Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct repeated surveys within the breeding range to assess its current distribution and abundance, as well as identify population trends and rates of habitat loss. Conduct wider surveys in areas surrounding known winter sites to determine the full extent of the winter range. Conduct ecological studies to improve understanding of its precise habitat requirements, tolerance of secondary habitats and response to fragmentation in both winter and summer ranges. Effectively protect significant areas of suitable forest at key sites on both breeding and wintering grounds, in both strictly protected areas and community-led multiple use areas.

Acknowledgements

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Khwaja, N.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Phylloscopus tytleri. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/04/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/04/2019.