Forpus xanthopterygius and F. spengeli (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) were previously lumped as F. xanthopterygius following Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
Red List criteria met
Red List history
IUCN Red List criteria met and history
||not a migrant
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as uncommon and local (Juniper and Parr 1998).
Trend justification: The population trend is unknown but the species is reported to have 'perhaps declined' (Juniper and Parr 1998).
Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Forpus spengeli. Downloaded from
http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/turquoise-winged-parrotlet-forpus-spengeli on 29/11/2023.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from
http://datazone.birdlife.org on 29/11/2023.