LC
Tufted Puffin Fratercula cirrhata



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2020 Least Concern
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 17,000,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 17,700,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2300000 poor estimated 1996
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 11.3 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number more than 3.5 million individuals, equating to more than 2.3 million mature individuals (del Hoyo et al. 1996).

Trend justification: The population is thought to be stable (Partners in Flight 2019).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Canada N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Japan N Extant Yes Yes
North Korea N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes Yes
South Korea N Extant Yes
USA N Extant Yes Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Russia (Asian) Starichkov island
Russia (Asian) Utashud Island
Russia (Asian) Talan Island
Canada Kerouard and St. James Islands
Canada Scott Island Group
Canada Hippa Island
Canada Anthony Island
Canada Englefield Bay Islands
Canada Cleland Island and Southeast Clayoquot Sound
Canada Kyuquot Channel Islets
Canada Solander Island and Brooks Bay
Canada Amphitrite and Swiftsure Banks
Canada Moore and Byers Islands and Banks
Canada Kunghit Island and Luxana Bay
USA Barren Islands
USA Cape Peirce
USA Aiktak Island
USA Kaligagan Island
USA Baby Islands and Akutan Pass
USA Chagulak Island
USA Outer Shumagin Islands
Russia (Asian) Utashud island - Marine
Russia (Asian) Starichkov island - Marine
Russia (Asian) Talan island - Marine
USA Barren Islands Marine
USA Akutan Harbor
USA Avatanak Strait Islands
USA Umnak Pass Colonies
USA Agattu Island
USA Bering Sea Shelf Edge 166W55N
USA Buldir & Near Islands Marine
USA Fenimore Pass & Atka Island Marine
USA Prince William Sound
USA Shumagin Islands Marine
USA Unimak & Akutan Passes
USA Agattu Island Colonies
USA Akun Strait Colonies
USA Amagat & Umga Island Colonies
USA Baby Islands & Akutan Pass Colonies
USA Barren Islands Colonies
USA Cape Peirce & Cape Newenham Colonies
USA Castle Rock Colonies
USA Chagulak Island Colony
USA Cherni Island Complex Colonies
USA Flat Island Colony
USA Kigul Islets Colonies
USA Marmot Bay Colonies
USA Ogangen Island Colonies
USA Semidi Islands Colonies
USA Ugaiushak Island Colonies
USA Ugamak Strait Colonies
USA Castle Rock
USA False Cape Rock
USA False Klamath
USA Farallon Islands
USA Point Reyes - Outer
USA Trinidad Complex
Russia (Asian) Kekurny bay
Russia (Asian) Odyan bay
Russia (Asian) Commander Islands
Russia (Asian) Avachinskaya Bay and Starichkov Island
Russia (Asian) Kuril islands (between Urup and Paramushir)
Russia (Asian) Babushkina and Kekurnyy Gulfs

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline major breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools major breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) suitable non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) suitable breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) suitable non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) suitable breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Temperature extremes Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Causing/Could cause fluctuations Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Reduced reproductive success
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - Named species Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - Named species Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Pollution Industrial & military effluents - Oil spills Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Fratercula cirrhata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/10/2021.