Tucuman Amazon Amazona tucumana


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

Collar, N.; Boesman, P. F. D.; de Juana, E. 2020. Tucuman Parrot (Amazona tucumana), version 1.0. Ithaca, NY, USA. Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Available at:

eBird. 2021. eBird: An online database of bird distribution and abundance [web application]. Ithaca, New York Available at: 2021. GBIF Occurrence Download (27 October 2021): Amazona tucumana. Available at: .

Global Forest Watch. 2021. Interactive Forest Change Mapping Tool. Global Forest Watch. Available at:

Hansen, M.C., Potapov, P.V., Moore, R., Hancher, M., Turubanova, S.A., Tyukavina, A., Thau, D., Stehman, S.V., Goetz, S.J., Loveland, T.R., Kommareddy, A. Egorov, A., Chini, L., Justice, C.O. and Townshend, J.R.G. 2013. High-resolution global maps of 21st-century forest cover change. Science 342(6160): 850-853.

IUCN. 2022. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2022-1. Available at: (Accessed: 21 July 2022).

MAyDS and AA. 2017. Categorización de las Aves de la Argentina (2015). Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sustentable de la Nación y Aves Argentinas, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Agua. 2009. Libro rojo de la fauna silvestre de vertebrados de Bolivia. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Agua, La Paz, Bolivia.

Pidgeon, A. M.; Rivera, L.; Martinuzzi, S.; Politi, N.; Bateman, B. 2015. Will representation targets based on area protect critical resources for the conservation of the Tucuman Parrot? The Condor: Ornithological Applications 117: 503-517.

Pires, S. F., Schneider, J. L., Herrera, M. and Tella, J. L. 2016. Spatial, temporal and age sources of variation in parrot poaching in Bolivia. Bird Conservation International 26(3): 293-306.

Rivera, L. O.; Politi, N.; Bucher, E. H. 2019. Feeding ecology and key food resources for the endemic and threatened Tucuman Amazon Amazona tucumana in Argentina. Acta Ornitologica 54(2): 223-232.

Rivera, L., Politi, N., Bucher, E. H. and Pidgeon, A. 2014. Nesting success and productivity of Tucuman Parrots (Amazona tucumana) in high-altitude forests of Argentina: do they differ from lowland Amazona parrots? Emu 144(1): 41-49.

Rivera, L.; Llanos, R. R.; Politi, N.; Hennessey, B.; Bucher, E. H. 2009. The Near Threatened Tucumán Parrot Amazona tucumana in Bolivia: insights for a global assessment. Oryx 44(1): 110-113.

Rivera, L.; Politi, N.; Bucher, E. H. 2007. Decline of the Tucumán Parrot Amazona tucumana in Argentina: present status and conservation needs. Oryx 41(1): 101-105.

Rivera, L.; Politi, N.; Bucher, E. H. 2012. Nesting habitat of the Tucuman parrot Amazona tucumana in an old-growth cloud-forest of Argentina. Bird Conservation International 22: 398-410.

Rocha, A. V.; Rivera, L. O.; Martínez, J.; Prestes, N. P.; Caparroz, R. 2014. Biogeopgraphy of speciation of two sister species of Neotropical Amazona (Aves, Psittaciformes) based on mitochondrial sequence data. PLoS ONE 9(9): e108096.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Amazona tucumana. Downloaded from on 04/10/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 04/10/2023.