Tooth-billed Pigeon Didunculus strigirostris


Anon. 2014. ‘Samoan Dodo’ makes welcome reappearance. World Birdwatch 36(1): 7.

Atherton, J. and Jefferies, B. 2012. Rapid BiodiversityAssessment of Upland Savai'i, Samoa. SPREP, Apia, Samoa.

Beichle, U. 1982. Untersuchungen zur Biologie und Systematik der Zahntaube Didunculus strigirostris (Jardine 1845). dissertation. Doctoral, Kiel:Christian-Albrechts Universitat.

Beichle, U. 1987. Lebensraum, Bestand und Nahrungsaufnahme der Zahntaube, Didunculus strigirostris. Journal für Ornithologie 128: 75-89.

Beichle, U. 1991. Status and acoustical demarcation of pigeons of Western Samoa. Notornis 38: 81-86.

Beichle, U. 2006. Saving Samoa’s Critically Endangered Maomao and Manumea: Final Report.

Beichle, U. and Baumann, S. 2003. Die Landvoegel der Samoa-Inseln. TenDenZen 1-2: 1-156.

Beichle, U.; Maelzer, M. 1985. A conservation programme for Western Samoa. In: Diamond, A.W.; Lovejoy, T.E. (ed.), Conservation of tropical forest birds, pp. 297-299. International Council for Bird Preservation, Cambridge, U.K.

BirdLife International. 2014. Strange looking bird makes welcome reappearance. Available at:

Blockstein, D. E. 1987. Preliminary report on the ecology and status of the Tooth-billed Pigeon or Manumea (Didunculus strigirostris) in Western Samoa.

Collar, N. J. 2015. Natural history and conservation biology of the tooth-billed pigeon (Didunculus strigirostris): a review. Pacific Conservation Biology 21(3): 186-199.

Elmqvist, T.; Rainey, W. E.; Pierson, E. D.; Cox, P. A. 1994. Effects of tropical cyclones Ofa and Val on the structure of a Samoan lowland rain forest. Biotropica 26: 384-391.

Freifeld, H. 1999. Samoa bird studies - preliminary ideas for O Le Siosiomaga Society, Inc..

Ministry of Natural Resources & Environment (MNRE). 2006. Recovery plan for the Manumea or Tooth-billed Pigeon Didunculus strigirostris.

Serra, G., Uili, M., Enoka, F. and Foliga, T. 2016. Biodiversity surveying of 4 KBAs in Samoa based on traditional ecological knowledge. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Apia, Samoa.

SPREP. 1999. Proceedings of the Polynesian Avifauna Conservation Workshop held in Rarotonga, 26-30 April 1999.

Tye, A. and Butler, D. J. 2013. Restoration of Nu’utele and Nu’ulua Islands (Aleipata Group), Samoa, through the management of introduced rats and ants. Biodiversity Conservation Lessons Learned Technical Series 13. Conservation International, Apia, Samoa.

Uili, M., Enoka, F., Male, F. and Anoitele, V. 2013. Conservation Leadership Program 2nd Progress Report - CLP Project ID 06141613 Samoa's little Dodo - Saving the Manumea.

Further resources

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Didunculus strigirostris. Downloaded from on 08/12/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 08/12/2019.