Timneh Parrot Psittacus timneh


Allport, G. 1991. The status and conservation of threatened birds in the Upper Guinea Forest. Bird Conservation International 1: 53-74.

Annorbah, N.N.D.; Collar, N.J.; Marsden, S.J. 2016. Trade and habitat change virtually eliminate the Grey Parrot Psittacus erithacus from Ghana. Ibis 158: 82-91.

Anon. 2011. The Timneh Grey Parrot: a separate species in need of attention. Cyanopsitta: 7-8.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

CITES. 2012. Interpretation and implementation of the Convention: compliance and enforcement. Enforcement matters. Sixty-second meeting of the Standing Committee, Geneva, 23–27 July 2012. SC62 Doc. 29.

Clemmons, J. R. 2002. Status survey of the African Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus timneh) and development of a management program in Guinea and Guinea-Bissau. CITES Secretariat, Geneva.

Colston, P.R.; Curry-Lindahl, K. 1986. The Birds of Mount Nimba, Liberia. British Museum (Natural History), London.

Dändliker, G. 1992. The Grey Parrot in Ghana: a population survey, a contribution to the biology of the species, a study of its commercial exploitation and management recommendations.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. and Dowsett, R.J. 2014. The Birds of Ghana: An Atlas and Handbook. Tauraco Press, Liège, Belgium.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F.; Dowsett, R. J. 2007. Faunistic survey of Gola Forest (Sierra Leone) in January-February 2007, with an emphasis on birds.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F.; Dowsett, R.J. 2005. The avifauna of the dry evergreen forests of Mali. Malimbus 27(2): 77-111.

Freeman, B. 2014. Bird-habitat relationships and anthropogenic threats in and around Sapo national park, Liberia. MSc Thesis. University of Jos, Nigeria.

Freeman, B., Dami, F.D. and Molokwu-Odozi, M. 2018. Status of globally threatened birds of Sapo National Park, Liberia. Ostrich - Journal of African Ornithology 90(1): 19-24.

Freeman, B., Sunnarborg, J.,Townsend Peterson, A., 2018. Effects of climate change on the distributional potential of three range-restricted West African bird species. The Condor 121(2).

Gatter, W. 1997. Birds of Liberia. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

Henriques, M.; Lopes, D. 2014. Bananas, the survivor. Successful rescue of a wild chick. PsittaScene 26(3): 15-17.

Inskipp, T., Broad, S. & Luxmoore, R. 1988. Significant trade in wildlife: A review of selected species in CITES Appendix II, 3: Birds. IUCN & CITES Secretariat, Cambridge, U.K.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Juniper, T.; Parr, M. 1998. Parrots: a guide to the parrots of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

Klop E.; Lindsell, J.A.; Siaka, A.M. 2010. The birds of Gola Forest and Tiwai Island, Sierra Leone. Malimbus 32: 33-58.

Lopes, D., 2015. O Papagaio-Cinzento-de-Timneh, Psittacus timneh no arquipelago dos Bijagos: Contribuicoes para o estudo do estatuto, ecologia e conservacao de uma especie ameacada, MSc thesis, Faculdade de Ciencias, Universidade de Lisboa.

Lopes, D.C., Martin, R.O., Henriques, M., Monteiro, H., Cardod, P., Tchantchalam, Q., Pires, A.J., Regalla, A., Catry, P., 2018. Combining local knowledge and field surveys to determine status and threats to Timnah Parrots Psittacus timneh in Guinea-Bissau. Bird Conservation International 2012: 1-13.

Lopes, D.C., Martin, R.O., Henriques, M., Monteiro, H., Regalla, A., Tchantalam, Q., Indjai, B., 2018. Nest-site characteristics and aspects of the breeding biology of the endangered Timneh Parrot Psittacus timneh in Guinea-Bissau, Ostrich 89(1): 33-40.

Martin, R.O.; Perrin, M.R.; Boyes, R.S.; Abebe, Y.D.; Annorbah, N.D.; Asamoah, A.; Bizimana, D.; Bobo, K.S.; Bunbury, N.; Brouwer, J.; Diop, M.S.; Ewnetu, M.; Fotso, R.C.; Garteh, J.; Hall, P.; Holbech, L.H.; Madindou, I.R.; Maisels, F.; Mokoko, J.; Mulwa, R.; Reuleaux, A.; Symes, C.; Tamungang, S.; Taylor, S.; Valle, S.; Waltert, M.; Wondafrash, M. 2014. Research and conservation of the larger parrots of Africa and Madagascar: A review of knowledge gaps and opportunities. Ostrich 85: 205-233.

UNEP-WCMC. 2005. CITES trade database.

Valle, S., Collar, N.J., Dauda, P., Barca, B., and Marsden, S.J. 2020. Low abundance of the Endangered Timneh parrot Psittacus timneh in one of its presumed strongholds. Oryx 54: 74-76.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Psittacus timneh. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/12/2022.