Thekla's Lark Galerida theklae


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 14,900,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 20000000-39999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 1,750,000-2,840,000 pairs, which equates to 3,500,000-5,680,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.15% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 23,300,000-37,900,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The overall population trend is estimated to be increasing. In Europe overall, trends between 1998 and 2013 have been moderately increasing (EBCC 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Algeria N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Portugal Alter do Chão
Portugal Monforte plains
Portugal Vila Fernando
Portugal South-west coast of Portugal
Portugal River Guadiana
Spain Tabernas desert
Spain Alhamilla mountain range-Campo de Níjar plain
Spain Altos de Barahona high moor
Spain Cape Freu-Cape Farrutx
Spain North and east coasts of Minorca and island of Aire
Spain Ravines and pinewoods in central Minorca
Spain Cogul-Alfés steppes
Spain Lerida steppes
Spain Tordesillas-Mota del Marqués
Spain Tiermes-Caracena
Spain Layna high moors
Spain Los Monegros (South)
Spain Belchite-Mediana
Spain Alcañiz salt lakes
France Basses Corbières
France Massif des Albères
Portugal Serra de Monchique
Portugal Serra do Caldeirão
Portugal Luzianes
Portugal Castro Marim
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Hautes Corbières

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Altitude 50 - 3200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Galerida theklae. Downloaded from on 13/08/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 13/08/2022.