LC
Temminck's Lark Eremophila bilopha



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 6,220,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing estimated -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.5 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common to fairly common in most parts of its range, although scarce in some parts and locally abundant in Western Sahara (del Hoyo et al. 2004).

Trend justification: The population is estimated to be in decline following a recorded decline in Israel in the 1980s, probably owing to habitat loss (del Hoyo et al. 2004).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan U Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant Yes
Gambia V Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Lebanon V Extant Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Spain V Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant Yes
Yemen V Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Algeria El Bayadh
Egypt El Qasr desert
Egypt Gebel Maghara
Egypt Quseima
Egypt Wadi Gerafi
Iraq Haditha Wetlands and Baghdadi
Iraq Jazman (Zurbatia)
Iraq Razzaza Lake
Jordan Azraq
Jordan Burqu'
Jordan Shaumari
Lebanon Semi Deserts of Ras Baalbek
Morocco Merzouga/Tamezguidat
Morocco Msseyed
Morocco Parc National de Souss-Massa and Aglou
Morocco Piste de Tagdilt
Morocco Région Fouchal - Matarka
Saudi Arabia Harrat al-Harrah
Tunisia Bouhedma
Tunisia Chott Djerid
Tunisia Îles Kneiss
Tunisia Jbil
Tunisia Sebkhet Ennoual
Tunisia Sidi Toui

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Eremophila bilopha. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/07/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/07/2019.