LC
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 23 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 22,100,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 25,500,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 4000000-8999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.7 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 909,000-1,720,000 pairs, which equates to 1,820,000-3,440,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.40% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 4,550,000-8,600,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Europe, trends since 1991 are uncertain (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bhutan V Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant Yes
Cameroon V Extant
Cape Verde V Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire V Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant
Finland N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Liberia V Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Monaco N Extant
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Nepal V Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
San Marino N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka V Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Togo V Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje
Azerbaijan Alty Agach area
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Latvia Slitere and Zilie kalni
Portugal Montesinho and Nogueira mountains
Romania Balta Mică a Brăilei
Slovenia Sečovlje saltpans
Slovenia Karst
Moldova Central Forest
Sweden Bay of Skälder
Sweden Archipelago and coastline of North-East Scania
Poland Liwiec river valley
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Zegrzynski reservoir
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Slupia River Valley
Greece River Axios
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Alyki Angelochoriou lagoon (Megalou Emvolou)
Greece Epanomi lagoon
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Oiti
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Mount Dikti, Crete
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Evrotas delta
Greece Mount Peristeri
Greece Nisyros island and surrounding islets
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Kythira island
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Agrafa mountains
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Lake Pikrolimni
Greece Tsamanta, Filiata, Farmakovouni and Megali Rachi mountains
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Mount Koutroulis, Mount Agios Dikaios and Modia plateau, Crete
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Mount Kerkis, Samos
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Mount Grammos
Greece Mount Pilio
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Netherlands Veluwe
Netherlands Loonse and Drunense Duinen
Netherlands Weerter- en Budelerbergen & Ringselven
Hungary Ecseg Pusztas of Dévaványa
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Hungary Bihar Plain
Hungary Vértes
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség
Spain Altos de Barahona high moor
Spain Cape Freu-Cape Farrutx
Spain North and east coasts of Minorca and island of Aire
Spain Ravines and pinewoods in central Minorca
Spain Cogul-Alfés steppes
Spain Layna high moors
Ukraine Polis'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Oril' river valley
Ukraine Mzha river valley
Ukraine Samara river valley
France Zones agricoles de la Hardt
France Pointe de Grave
France Champ de Tir du Poteau
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Côte Médocaine: dunes boisées et dépressions humides
France Brenne centrale
France Brenne Sud
France Brenne: Forêt de la Petite-Brenne
France Brenne: Forêt de Lancosme
France Golfe de Porto, presqu'île de Scandola et golfe de Galeria
France Etang de Biguglia
France Vallée du Régino
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Iles Finocchiarola et côte de Tamarone à Centuri
France Montagne de la Clape
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Etang de Capestang
France Gorges de la Vis et cirque de Navacelles
France Massif des Albères
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Gorges du Gardon
France Hautes garrigues du Montpellierais
France Cordon lagunaire de Sète à Agde
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Minervois
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Gorges du Rieutord-Fage-Cagnasses
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants
France Camargue
France Crau
France Chaîne des Alpilles
France Montagne Sainte-Victoire
France Iles Marseillaises: Maire, Jarron, Jarre, Riou, Calseraigne, Congloue et Pomègues
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Plateau de Valensole
France Plateau de l'Arbois, garrigues de Lancon et chaîne des Côtes
France Plaine des Maures
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Préalpes de Grasse
France Bois de Palayson, du Rouet et de Malvoisin
France Bonne Anse
France Plaines de Saint-Jouin de Marne et d'Assais-les-Jumeaux
France Le Pinail, Forêt de Moulière et bois du Défens
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Montagne de la Serre
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire
France Haute Soule : Forêt d'Irraty, Organbidexka et Pic des Escaliers
France Domaine d'Orx
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Vallée de l'Aube, de la Superbe et Marigny
France Vallée de la Conie et Beauce centrale
France Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Cap Gris-nez
France Vallée de la Charente : amont d'Angoulême
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy Gran Sasso d'Italia
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy Laga mountains
Italy Rieti mountains
Italy Ernici and Simbruini mountains
Italy Circeo National Park
Italy Maiella, Pizzi and Frentani mountains
Italy Alburni mountains
Italy Pollino
Italy Marchesato and River Neto
Italy Sila Grande
Italy Egadi islands
Italy River Cecina middle valley
Italy Cape Otranto and Cape Santa Maria di Leuca coast
Italy Alpi Apuane
Italy Calvana mountains
Italy Argentario
Italy Daunia mountains
Italy Carso
Italy Scrivia stream
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Italy Mount Beigua
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys
Italy Apennines from Passo del Cerreto to Monte Caligi
Italy Capri island
Italy Gargano promontory
Italy Furlo gorge and Mount Catria
Italy Crete Senesi
Italy Middle valley of Tagliamento river
Italy Sentina
Denmark Råbjerg Mile and surrounding heathlands
Denmark Ørkenen and Totten (Anholt Island)
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Serbia Fruska gora
Serbia Slano Kopovo
Serbia Vršačke Planine
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Medzibodrožie
Serbia Vlasina
Serbia Stara mountains
Serbia Labudovo okno
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Italy Trebbia river (lower course)
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany Zerbster Land
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Hellwegbörde
Germany Vogelfreistätte Alter and Neuer See
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Uckermark lake region
Germany Stechlin
Germany Märkische Schweiz
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Deichvorland Oderbruch
Germany Unteres Rhinluch-Dreetzer See / Havelländisches Luch / Belziger Landschaftswiesen
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Fiener Bruch
Germany Military training area east and west of Jüterbog
Germany Hudewälder northeast of Haldensleben
Germany Lorsch forest and Vierheim heathland
Germany Alluvion of the Lower Schwalm near Borken
Germany Bliesgau
Croatia Mt Dinara
Croatia Cetina River
Croatia Krka and Surrounding Plateau
Croatia Kornati National Park and Telascica Nature Park
Croatia Prvic island
Croatia Special Ornithological Reserves on Cres island
Lithuania Lithuanian part of the Curonian Spit
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains
Estonia Puhatu mire
Estonia Tagamõisa peninsula
Latvia Adazi
Latvia Garkalne forest
Latvia Ziemupe
Latvia Ovisi
Latvia Uzava coast
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Irbe valley and Dizpurvs
Latvia Piejura
Latvia Randu meadows
Bulgaria Byala Reka
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Pyasachnik Reservoir
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Bulgaria Derventski Heights
Bulgaria Kamchia Complex
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Radinchevo
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Balchik
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Studenets
Portugal Serras do Alvão e Marão
Portugal Estrela Mountains
Portugal South-west coast of Portugal
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Plaines de Mirebeau et de Neuville-du-Poitou
France Plaine de Saint-Jean-de-Sauves
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Hautes Corbières
France Basses Corbières
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Parc National du Mercantour
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Plateau de Bellefonds
France Marais et estuaire de la Seudre
France Plaine de Villefagnan
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
France Basse Ardêche
Lithuania Pabrade military training area
Jordan Dana
Bulgaria Rayanovtsi
Bulgaria Zlatiata
Bulgaria Sakar
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Nikopolsko Plateau
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha
Austria Central Marchfeld
Ukraine Elanetskyj step Reserve
Ukraine Khersonesko-Fiolentske coastal zone
Ukraine Sinelnikov Complex
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Lower Bug river valley
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Poland Skoki Gravel-Pit
Poland Drawa River Site
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Rogalin Site
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Skoki Gravel-Pit
Poland Bielawa Swamps
Poland Pilica River Valley
Poland Kozienicka Forest
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Wkra and Mlawka Rivers Valleys
Poland Upper Nurzec River Valley
Poland Kostrzyn River Valley
Poland Lukow Forests
Poland Notec Forest
Poland Nielisz Site
Poland Upper Huczwa River Catchment
Poland Orawa and Nowy Targ Bogs
Kazakhstan Kenshektau Mountains
Poland Biala Forest
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley
Hungary Kaszáló Wood of Abony
Slovakia Východoslovenská plain
Slovakia Dolné Považie
Italy Lake Bracciano and Tolfa hills
Italy Sibillini mountains
Italy Abruzzo National Park
Germany Gohrischheide
Russia (European) Ust'-Medveditskaya area
Germany Tinner Dose and Staverner Dose
Germany Engdener Wüste
Germany Nemitzer Heide
Germany Military training area Munster-Süd
Germany Ueckermünder Heide
Germany Nürnberger Reichswald
Germany Altengrabower Heide
Germany Heathlands of Lieberose-Staakow-Reicherskreuz
Germany Lausitz mining areas
Germany Luckauer Becken
Germany Sandsteppe Frankreich near Wiesental
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany Colblitz-Letzlinger Heide
Germany Griese Gegend
Germany Farmlands Lich-Utphe
Germany Mönchbruch of Mörfelden and Rüsselsheim and heath extensions (GG)
Germany Lower Gersprenz lowlands incl. Reinheim pond
Germany Former August-Euler airfield
Germany Zschornoer Heide
Germany Klietzer Heide
Germany Glücksburger Heide
Germany Annaburger Heide
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova
Romania Dobrogei gorge
Romania Dealurile Dorobanţu
Romania Denis Tepe
Romania Dumbrăveni - Plopeni
Romania Hagieni forest
Romania Kogălniceanu - Gura Ialomiţei
Romania Stepa Saraiu - Horea
Romania Stepa Casimcea
Lithuania Coastal land of Baltic Sea near Nemirseta
Lithuania Agricultural land near the Kalvarija settlement
Lithuania Rudninkai forest complex
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Lower Vistula River Valley
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest
Poland Orzysz Military Area
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Knyszyn Forest
Poland Gródek-Michalowo basin
Poland Lower Narew River Valley
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Middle Odra River Valley
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Calowanie Swamp
Poland Lower Silesia Forests
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Janów forests
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Roztocze
Poland Szyszla River Valley
Poland Czarna River Valley
Poland Lower San River Valley
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Poland Kuznica Warezynska Reservoir
Poland Wloszczowa Basin
Poland Turek Site
Poland Kurpie Site
Poland Sandomierz Forest
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Slovenia Vipavski rob
Moldova Royal Forest
Croatia Mount Velebit
Croatia Gorski Kotar and Northern Lika
Croatia Kvarner Islands
Croatia Ravni Kotari
Greece Mount Chelmos (Aroania)
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Saumalkol Lake
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Serbia Juzni Banat
Serbia Okanj I Rusanda
Serbia Slatine srednjeg Banata
Serbia Vrsacki ritovi

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Sand Dunes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Sand Dunes suitable breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 3600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Anthus campestris. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/12/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/12/2020.