Taita Apalis Apalis fuscigularis


Anon. 2015. Help save the Taita Apalis from extinction. Nature Kenya. Available at: (Accessed: 27/07/2015).

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

BirdLife International. 2010. A review of local conservation groups in Africa.

Borghesio, L., and Girtheru, M. The Vanishing Birds of the Taita hills. Available at: (Accessed: 26/08/2021).

Borghesio, L.; Samba, D.; Githiru, M.; Bennun, L.; Norris, K. 2010. Population estimates and habitat use by the Critically Endangered Taita Apalis Apalis fuscigularis in south-eastern Kenya. Bird Conservation International 20(4): 440-455.

Borghesio, L.; Wagura, L.; Githiru, M. 2015. Survey of a recently discovered subpopulation of the Critically Endangered Taita Apalis Apalis fuscigularis in the Taita Hills, Kenya. Bull. Afr. Bird Club 22: 26-35.

Borghesio, L.; Wagura, L.; Samba, D.; Githiru, M. 2014. Drifting into extinction: results from the long-term monitoring of Taita apalis Apalis fuscigularis. In: Gereau, R.E. (ed.), Biodiversity Status and Trends in the Eastern Arc Mountains and Coastal Forests of Kenya and Tanzania Region, 2008-2013, pp. 68-71. BirdLife International, Nairobi, Kenya.

Brooks, T. 1997. Threatened birds of Kenya 9: Taita Thrush. Kenya Birds 5(2): 102-104.

Brooks, T.; Lens, L.; Barnes, J.; Barnes, R.; Kageche Kihuria, J.; Wilder, C. 1998. The conservation status of the forest birds of the Taita Hills, Kenya. Bird Conservation International 8: 119-139.

Githiru, M.; Borghesio, L. 2010. Preventing extinctions: Critically Endangered Species - Taita Apalis Apalis fuscigularis & Taita Thrush Turdus helleri. Final Report: Research component. BirdLife International; Preventing Extinctions Initiative.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Nature Kenya; BirdLife International; National Museums of Kenya; Kenya Wildlife Service; Kenya Forest Service. 2015. Action plan for Conservation of Critically Endangered Birds in Taita Hills, Kenya: 2015-2020. Kenya Wildlife Service, Nairobi, Kenya.

Spanhove, T.; Lehouck, V.; Lens, L. 2009. Inverse edge effect on nest predation in a Kenyan forest fragment: an experimental case study. Bird Conservation International 19: 367-378.

Teucher, M., Schmitt, C.B., Wiese, A., Apfelbeck, B., Maghenda, M., Pellikka, P., Lens, L., and Habel, J.C. 2020. Behind the fog: Forest degradation despite logging bans in an East African cloud forest. Global Ecology and Conservation 22.

Urban, E.K., Fry, C.H. and Keith, S. 1997. The birds of Africa Vol. V. Academic Press, London.

Wagura, L. 2018. Forest Fragments Connectivity to Save Two Critically Endangered endemic birds from possible extinction in the Taita Hills. African Bird Club.

Wagura, L., Borghesio, L., and Githiru, M. 2019. A distress call from Taita Apalis. (Accessed: 27/10/2020).

Wagura, L.; Githiru, M.; Borghesio, L. 2012. Notes on the nesting biology of Taita Apalis Apalis fuscigularis. Bull. Afr. Bid Club 12: 42-46.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Species Guardian Action Update

This species has been identified as an Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) trigger - click here for more information

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Apalis fuscigularis. Downloaded from on 16/08/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 16/08/2022.