Tahiti Kingfisher Todiramphus veneratus


Justification of Red List Category
This species has a small range in which habitat degradation and loss is ongoing (albeit at a slow rate) and this is suspected to be causing a slow population decline. For these reasons it is listed as Near Threatened.

Population justification
This species is very similar to, and usually considered conspecific with, T. youngi, which occurs on the neighbouring island of Moorea at a density of 240 birds/km2 (Kesler et al. 2010), thought to be equivalent to c.170-210 mature individuals/km2. The density of the two species appears to be similar (eBird 2022). The species is assumed to have high (60-80%) occupancy on Tahiti (1,045 km2) and is therefore estimated to have a population size of 106,500-175,500, rounded to 100,000-199,999 here.

Trend justification
No robust population data are available for this species but it is suspected to be declining locally owing to ongoing habitat destruction (del Hoyo et al. 2001, Google Earth 2021).

Distribution and population

The species is endemic to Tahiti, French Polynesia.


The species inhabits primary, secondary forest and montane forest up to 1,700 m (del Hoyo et al. 2001, Dutson 2011).


The main threat to this species is ongoing habitat loss and degradation for subsistence agriculture and the development of housing and tourism.

Conservation actions

Conservation and Research Actions Underway
No targeted actions are known.

Conservation and Research Actions Proposed
Conduct regular multispecies bird surveys to obtain robust population (or occupancy) estimates, especially across different habitats. Encourage management practices that preserve suitable nesting trees. Prioritise conservation of native forest habitats. Continue to monitor habitat trends.


Text account compilers
Berryman, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Todiramphus veneratus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/03/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/03/2023.