LC
Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,290,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 600000-1499999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.2 - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 281,000-653,000 pairs, which equates to 563,000-1,310,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms 90% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 625,000-1,460,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: This species has extended its range greatly. Formerly restricted to the eastern Mediterranean, it is now found throughout the Balkans, into central Europe, including Hungary and Poland. Agricultural development and other human activities have probably enabled this expansion (del Hoyo et al. 2002). The European population trend is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany V Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extinct Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Palestine N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Serbia Fruska gora
Azerbaijan Barda tugai forest
Azerbaijan Girkan forest
Azerbaijan Vilajchai valley
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Romania Satchinez marsh
Romania Lake Techirghiol
Romania Hagieni forest
Romania Mures river lower flood-plain
Moldova Tigheci Forest
Poland Kampinos forest
Greece River Axios
Greece Mount Cholomontas
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Mounts Orliakas and Tsourgiakas
Greece Antichasia mountains and Meteora
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Lake Agras
Greece Aliakmonas gorge
Greece Kalamaki gorge and Zarkou mountains
Greece Apsalos and Moglenitsa gorges
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Asvestades - Vrysika area
Greece Mati wetland of Tyrnavos
Greece Spercheios valley and delta and Maliakos gulf
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Northern Evros and Ardas riparian forest
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Hungary Zemplén Mountains
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség
Hungary Szatmár-Bereg
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Bagerove
Ukraine Udaj river valley
Albania Velipoja
Czechia Lednicke rybniky ponds (Lednice fish-ponds)
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Serbia Bosutska forest
Serbia Zasavica
Serbia Obedska bara
Georgia Eastern Caucasus
Georgia Iori Region
Serbia Vršačke Planine
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Serbia Cer mountain
Serbia Ovcar-Kablar gorge
Slovakia Slanské hills
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Tríbeč
Serbia Jerma
Serbia Suva mountain
Serbia Sicevo gorge
Serbia Resava gorge
Austria Austrian part of Hanság
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria North-eastern Leithagebirge
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Pielachtal
Austria Wachau
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Czechia Pálava
Czechia Bzenecka Doubrava-Straznicke Pomoravi
Czechia Hovoransko-Cejkovicko
Czechia Podyji
Bulgaria Persenk
Bulgaria Ponor
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills
Bulgaria Kamenski Bair
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Bulgaria Mikre Meadows
Bulgaria Palakaria
Bulgaria Vasilyovska Mountain
Bulgaria Mesta Valley
Bulgaria Maritsa-Parvomay
Bulgaria Malak Preslavets marsh
Bulgaria Zvanichevo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Hadzi Dimitrovo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Zlato Pole
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha
Bulgaria Nikopolsko Plateau
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Rupite
Bulgaria Devetashko Plateau
Bulgaria Ruy Mountain
Bulgaria Zemen Gordge
Bulgaria Krumovitza
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Jordan Ajloun
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Bulgaria Zlatiata
Bulgaria Sakar
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Austria Neusiedler See
Austria Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte
Austria Lösslandschaft and Wagram east of Krems
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Vienna forest
Austria Western Weinviertel
Austria Central Marchfeld
Poland Middle Bug river valley
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Poland Pilica River Valley
Poland Warmia Site
Poland Por River Valley
Poland Nielisz Site
Poland Tyszowce Site
Poland Upper Huczwa River Catchment
Poland Szyszla River Valley
Poland Solokija River Valley
Poland Stolowe Mountains
Poland Upper Labunka River Valley
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Poland Roztocze
Romania Avrig - Scorei - Făgăraş
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Malopolska Wisla river gap
Slovakia Východoslovenská plain
Slovakia Poiplie
Slovakia Dolné Považie
Slovakia Malá Fatra
Slovakia Malé Karpaty
Poland Sieniawa Forest
Romania Allah Bair - Capidava
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova
Romania Dealurile Dorobanţu
Romania Dumbrăveni - Plopeni
Romania Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin)
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel
Romania Podişul Hârtibaciului
Poland Grzeda Sokalska Beechwood
Poland Lower San River Valley
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Mircze Site
Poland Oak-hornbeam forests in the Odra valley
Poland Bzura River Valley
Poland Chelm calcareous marshes
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Nysa reservoir
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Wloszczowa Basin
Poland Sandomierz Forest

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2700 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Dendrocopos syriacus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/06/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/06/2022.