NT
Swallow-tailed Cotinga Phibalura flavirostris



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Near Threatened A2c+3c+4c;C1
2013 Near Threatened A2c+3c+4c;C1
2012 Near Threatened A2c+3c+4c;C1
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass 46 g
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,130,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,890,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 6700 poor suspected 2007
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 20-29 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 20-29 - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation 100 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.6 - - -

Population justification: The population is preliminarily estimated to number at least 10,000 individuals, roughly equating to 6,700 mature individuals. This requires confirmation.

Trend justification: A moderately rapid and on-going decline is suspected owing to rates of habitat loss.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina N Presence Uncertain
Brazil N Extant Yes
Paraguay N Presence Uncertain

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Argentina Parque Nacional Iguazú y alrededores
Argentina Parque Provincial Uruzú y Reserva Forestal San Jorge
Argentina San Antonio
Argentina Alta cuenca del arroyo Alegría
Argentina San Pedro
Argentina Reserva de la Biósfera Yabotí
Argentina Parque Provincial Cruce Caballero
Brazil Parque Nacional da Chapada Diamantina
Brazil Boa Nova / Serra da Ouricana
Brazil Serra Bonita
Brazil Santa Teresa
Brazil Parque Nacional do Caparaó
Brazil Encostas da Região de Domingos Martins
Brazil Complexo Pedra Azul / Forno Grande
Brazil Serra do Caraça
Brazil Ouro Preto / Mariana
Brazil Parque Estadual da Serra do Brigadeiro
Brazil Cânion do Guartelá
Brazil Guaraqueçaba / Jacupiranga / Cananéia
Brazil Parque Nacional do Iguaçu
Brazil General Carneiro
Brazil Parque Nacional de Itatiaia
Brazil Serra dos Órgãos
Brazil Serra do Tinguá
Brazil Serra da Bocaina / Paraty / Angra dos Reis
Brazil Parque Estadual do Turvo
Brazil Serra da Mantiqueira
Brazil Serra da Cantareira
Brazil Ilhabela State Park (Parque Estadual de Ilhabela IBA)
Brazil Maciço Florestal de Paranapiacaba

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching - Agro-industry grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression - Increase in fire frequency/intensity Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Phibalura flavirostris. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/09/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/09/2022.